What is an idiom? | Difficult Idioms with Examples
An idiom is an expression or phrase whose meaning does not relate to the literal meaning of its words. In other words “Idioms mean something different than the individual words.”
Students often confuse idioms with proverbs. However, these are two different things. Proverbs are well-known for stating a piece of advice or general fact. For example, ‘a picture is worth a thousand words’ is a proverb – a general truth. Let us consider the idiom ‘bite off more than you can chew‘. What you meant is that you are trying to do something that is too hard for you. Read this blog to know 80 useful and common idioms with meanings and examples.
1. In for a penny, in for a pound
- Meaning: That someone is intentionally investing his time or money for a particular project or task.
- Example: When Athlead was booming, Jim was in for a penny and in for a pound, that’s how much dedicated he was.
2. A bird in the hand is better than two in the bush
- Meaning: An opportunity in hand, currently, is better than a prospect in the future, because time never repeats itself.
- Example: The detective apprehended 3 criminals and saw other one running but didn’t chase him, because she knew a bird in one hand is better than two in the bush.
Check also: English Grammar MCQs
3. Chip off the old block
- Meaning: That a person is similar in behaviour or actions like his parents.
- Example: When grandmother saw her grandson collecting coins like her son used to do, she knew he was a Chip off the old block.
4. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you
- Meaning: Treat people the same way you want to be treated.
- Example: I felt Peter was a little cold today towards that homeless man, he should do unto others as he would have them do unto him, because who knows about time.
5. Don’t cry over spilt milk
- Meaning: Don’t cry over what has happened as it can not be fixed.
- Example: Walter failed his examination but his dad came and said just one thing, “Son, Don’t cry over spilt milk.”
Check also: Uses of Prepositions MCQs | English Grammar MCQs
6. Every cloud has a silver lining
- Meaning: Bad things one day eventually lead to good things.
- Example: See, yesterday you were so morose as your phone was stolen but look at you today, you got a promotion. Is it rightly said that every cloud has a silver lining.
7. Beside yourself with joy
- Meaning: To be extremely happy.
- Example: I can see that you are beside yourself with joy on being selected for the job, congratulations.
8. Fair and square
- Meaning: Being direct or fair.
- Example: To tell you fair and square, I did everything that I was meant to do, but I still feel unfulfilled.
9. Having an Ace up the sleeve
- Meaning: Have an advantage that is currently being withheld for future purposes.
- Example: Brian kept quiet at the board meeting, who knew he had an Ace hidden up his sleeve the whole time.
10. A black sheep
- Meaning: Being a disgrace for the family.
- Example: They don’t talk about Olive anymore, turns out he was the Black sheep for the family, he married someone else while he was still arranged to his fiancé.
11. Hook, line and sinker
- Meaning: Doing something or trying to achieve something with thoroughness and passion.
- Example: I have set my mind to go through the spreadsheets by Monday and I am working for it Hook, line and sinker.
12. Looking to your laurels
- Meaning: Not be lost in your achievements and losing the sight of what is supposed to happen.
- Example: Look to your laurels but do not rest on it.
13. Bear a grudge
- Meaning: To continue to feel angry or unfriendly for someone or something because of a particular past incident.
- Example: I Bear a grudge against him for not taking me into confidence.
14. By the skin of your teeth
- Meaning: To just barely get by or make it.
- Example: Lester made the dance team By the skin of his teeth, you see the audition gates were about to get closed.
15. Down for the count
- Meaning: Tired; giving up.
- Example: My pet dog is down for the count after playing the whole day with the frisbee.
16. Draw the line
- Meaning: To stop before a point where something okay gets not okay.
- Example: Hey buddy, that’s enough, Draw the line before someone comes and beats you to a pulp.
17. Easier said than done
- Meaning: Not as easy as it appears to be.
- Example: Listen, losing weight is easier said than done, many people lack commitment.
18. Break a leg
- Meaning: Saying good luck to someone.
- Example: Hey Barry, it’s time for you to get on the stage and present your monologue, break a leg.
19. Up a creek without a paddle
- Meaning: In an unlucky situation.
- Example: Dan tried to dine and dash yesterday at a Chinese place but he was stopped by the waiters, guess he was up a creek without a paddle yesterday.
20. Give it a whirl
- Meaning: To give something a try.
- Example: I am absolutely terrified of skydiving, but I think once in my life, I will give it a whirl.
21. Fish out of water
- Meaning: To be out of your comfort zone.
- Example: Tom felt like a fish out of water when his girlfriend took him to a Star Wars convention in LA.
22. In the fast lane
- Meaning: A life filled with excitement.
- Example: When Chris turned forty, he decided to live his life in the fast lane and quit his job for his hobbies.
23. Go the extra mile
- Meaning: To make an extra effort.
- Example: He was willing to go the extra mile for the love of his life, Mia.
24. Snug as a bug in a rug
- Meaning: Warm and cosy.
- Meaning: The baby looks as snug as a bug in a rug next to her mother.
25. Step up your game
- Meaning: To start performing better
- Example: Jennifer better step up her game if she wants to make big in Basketball.
26. To not see the wood for the trees
- Meaning: To be so involved in trivial matters that you don’t get the important facts.
- Example: He always argues on the silliest topics, it’s like he can’t see wood for the trees.
27. Lose your marbles
- Meaning: To go insane.
- Example: Our mailman has lost his marbles, every day he drops Mr. Smith’s mail on our door.
28. Straight from the Horse’s mouth
- Meaning: Directly from the person involved.
- Example: Listen to the news straight from the horse’s mouth, his factory burned down right in front of his eyes.
29. Crying Wolf
- Meaning: To ask for help when you don’t need it.
- Example: You have cried Wolf so many times that no one believes you now.
30. Palm off
- Meaning: Pass off something as genuine when it is spurious.
- Example: This shopkeeper always palms off old stock to the customers.
31. Has bigger fish to fry
- Meaning: Has more important work to do.
- Example: Please don’t bother me today with any calls, I have bigger fish to fry.
32. Look before you leap
- Meaning: Calculate the risks before advancing towards a possibility.
- Example: You can’t just sell all of your shares when the market is low, look before you leap, Trump is coming tomorrow, it is possible the shares will grow.
33. On thin ice
- Meaning: In a precarious or risky situation.
- Example: Andy played hooky from work for a week saying he was sick, now his boss said that he is on very thin ice.
34. Play devil’s advocate
- Meaning: To argue, just for the sake of it.
- Example: He was not agreeing to back off, as if he was playing devil’s advocate.
35. Rain on someone’s parade
- Meaning: To spoil a moment.
- Example: He told his wife that he doesn’t want to rain on her parade, but they had to shift their vacation dates.
36. Take a rain check
- Meaning: Postpone a plan.
- Example: He asked me whether I would like to have dinner with his family, but I had a thing so I said, rain check.
37. Take it with a grain of salt
- Meaning: Don’t take it too seriously.
- Example: She tells great tales but we take whatever she says with a grain of salt.
38. Like a cakewalk
- Meaning: So easy task.
- Example: Everyone took hours to write the code but Adam did it like a cakewalk.
39. Throw caution to the wind
- Meaning: Take a risk.
- Example: The caretaker threw caution to the wind by taking a sick baby outside.
40. Penny wise and Pound foolish
- Meaning: Careful in trivial matters but wasteful or extravagant in large matters.
- Example: That man eats Ramen noodles daily for dinner but for his dog, he threw a big party. He is indeed penny wise and pound foolish.
41. The whole nine yards
- Meaning: Everything, all the way.
- Example: I want to know everything there is to know about this merger, the whole nine yards of the deal.
42. The best thing since sliced bread
- Meaning: A really good invention.
- Example: Bluetooth is officially the best thing since sliced bread.
43. Bite off more than you can chew
- Meaning: Take on a difficult work that is beyond your capabilities.
- Example: Andrew told his boss that he will triple the sales but in reality, he bit off more than he can chew and now all of us are in trouble.
44. Play by the ear
- Meaning: To improvise.
- Example: I just went to Canada and did everything by the ear, no itinerary, no schedules.
45. Ignorance is bliss
- Meaning: You are better off not knowing some things.
- Example: His wife always asked him what it was he did late at night, turned out, he was insider trading. But she knew nothing about this so she won’t be convicted, sometimes ignorance is bliss.
46. Put something on ice
- Meaning: To put something on hold.
- Example: As per the boss’ order, Michael has put his personal matters on ice.
47. You can say that again
- Meaning: That’s absolutely true.
- Example: “The Earth is bleeding”, you can say that again, pal.
48. Bite the bullet
- Meaning: To get something over with because it is inevitable.
- Example: Vik was diagnosed with second stage cancer but he didn’t want to get chemotherapy. By the will of his wife, he bit the bullet.
49. Go back to the drawing board
- Meaning: Start over.
- Example: It is not too late to go back to the drawing board and assess your mistakes.
50. Call it a day
- Meaning: Stop working on something.
- Example: Ah! So what we didn’t complete the puzzle today, let’s call it a day and come back again tomorrow.
51. Beating Around the Bush
- Meaning: To talk about unnecessary things.
- Example: When I asked my secretary about the missing file and documents, she was beating around the bush.
52. Be in a Tight Corner.
- Meaning: Being in a difficult situation.
- Example: Radha’s low grades despite her constant efforts has put her in a very tight corner.
53. At the 11th Hour
- Meaning: At the last moment.
- Example: While leaving for Shimla, Harshit kept his mobile phone charger in the bag at the 11th hour.
54. Swan Song
- Meaning: The last piece of work of an artist before his/her death.
- Example: This painting was M.F Hussain’s swan song.
55. Wild Goose Chase
- Meaning: Futile Chase
- Example: Catching the two thieves together on a jam-packed road was no less than a wild goose chase for the policeman.
56. Bury the Hatchet
- Meaning: Ending a quarrel to make peace.
- Example: My father buried the hatchet by equally diving the pasta between me and my sister.
57. To Bell the Cat
- Meaning: To face a risk.
- Example: He belled the cat when he was trying to escape the prison.
58. Turn a deaf ear
- Meaning: To ignore what someone is saying.
- Example: Whenever her mother complained of her excessive use of mobile phone, Anu turned a deaf ear.
59. At Sea
- Meaning: Confused
- Example: I was at sea while choosing a lehenga for my sister’s wedding at Manish Malhotra’s store.
60. To be in the doldrums
- Meaning: To be in a low spirit
- Example: When I got to know about the increasing cases of COVID 19 in my area, I was in the doldrums.
61. Hit the books
- Meaning: Going to study
- Example: I won’t be able to come for dinner as I have to hit the books for my half-yearly examinations.
62. Twist someone’s arm
- Meaning: To convince someone
- Example: I was not planning to come to the party but by remaining me of all the good food you twisted my arm!
63. Stab someone in the back
- Meaning: To betray a close person
- Example: My uncle trusted his driver so much but he stabbed him at the back when he saw all the money bags.
64. Go cold turkey
- Meaning: To quit or stop addictive or dangerous behaviour
- Example: No one could believe that my father left eating sweets! He went cold turkey when the doctors told him that he has diabetes.
65. Ring a bell
- Meaning: Sounds familiar
- Example: Why does this name ring a bell in my head? Was this girl in my school?
66. Cut to the chase
Meaning: Getting to the important point
Example: As the submissions were to be made tonight, boss cut to the chase and asked us to start working.
67. Blow off steam
Meaning: Experiencing strong feelings like anger or stress
Example: Shina went running to blow off steam as she had a huge fight with mother.
68. Face the music
Meaning: Face the reality
Example: Shikha asked her husband to not run away from the problem and just face the music once!
69. To have sticky fingers
Example: The cashier had a sticky finger, he stole around $2000 and ran away from the bank.
70. Break the bank
Meaning: To be very expensive
Example: I had to break the bank to but these shoes!
71. Face the music
Meaning: Confront the unpleasant consequences of one’s actions.
Example: We have done it and now it’s time to face the music!
72. It is always darkest before the dawn
Meaning: Things will get better
Example: I know you have gone through the worst, but remember it is always darkest before the dawn.
73. Jump the gun
Meaning: To act on something promptly before the right time
Example: I think I jumped the gun by sending the e-mail before they tell the time.
74. Wear your heart on your sleeve
Meaning: Expressing yourself too openly
Example: She wears her heart on her sleeve and often gets hurt.
75. Cut no ice
Meaning: Fail to make an impact
Example: Your poetry cuts no ice with me.
76. Light at the end of tunnel
Meaning: Seeing signs of improvement in the future
Example: I see the light at the end of the tunnel for my relationship with her.
77. Through thick and thin
Meaning: Through good and bad times
Example: Books and music stay by your side through thick and thin.
78. Cry for the moon
Meaning: To ask for something that is rather difficult
Example: You are crying for the moon for this concert’s tickets!
79. Read between the lines
Meaning: Understanding the real message behind something
Example: If you try to read between the lines, her song is actually about me.
80. Pour out one’s heart
Meaning: To express openly
Example: I can’t pour my heart out to you if you are too distracted by everything around yourself.