As we are writing this essay, The Coronavirus outbreak known as Covid-19 has so far killed over 388,041 people across the globe and infected 6,573,585 (as on June 3, 2020). Although this virus can infect people of all ages, people over 60 years old and those with underlying medical conditions are at higher risk of getting infected. As Corona Pandemic is one the worst pandemics of the decade we have prepared an “Essay on Coronavirus” for students of various standards.
An In-depth Essay on Coronavirus
Global Corona pandemic describes an infectious disease (COVID-19) by a large family of viruses known as the corona. World Health Organization (WHO) and it’s communication with the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) announced the official name for this new virus responsible for the disease is SARS-CoV-2 on 11th February 2020. The full form of this virus is Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2.
There are several reports of the origin of this virus but the most accepted report is the following one. The origin of this disease is well fixed at the world-famous Huanan seafood market in Wuhan during late 2019 in which a person was infected with a virus from a mammal; Pangolin. As reported, pangolins were not listed for sale in Wuhan and it is illegal to sell them. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) also says that pangolins are the most illegally traded mammal in the world. One statistical study provides that pangolins are able to develop the characteristics that the newly found virus enables. Later it was reported that a descendent of the virus came into effect with humans and then espoused as it was preceded from human to human.
The disease is continuing its spread across the world. It is noted that possible animal sources of COVID-19 have not yet been confirmed. It can spread only from person to person through small (respiratory) droplets from the nose, mouth or coughing and sneezing. These droplets land on any object or surfaces. Other people can catch COVID-19 by touching those objects or surfaces and then touching their nose, eyes, or mouth. About 212 countries and territories have been reported till. The worst affected countries are- United States, United Kingdom, Italy, Iran, Russia, Spain, Germany, China, etc. Due to COVID-19 about 388,041 people got death out of 6,573,585 confirmed cases and 3,170,532 people were recovered in the entire world. However, positive cases and deaths are quite different in country wise. For ex- out of 1M active cases, 72k people died in the United States. Pakistan faces about 85,264 positive cases and 1,770 deaths etc.
The incubation period means the period between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1 – 14 days. The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are tiredness, fever, dry cough, light aches and pain, nasal congestion, sore throat, and so on. These symptoms are mild and grow gradually in the human body. However, some people get infected but don’t develop any symptoms. Reports say that sometimes people get recover without any special treatment. The most important thing is that only 1 person out of 6 people becomes seriously ill and develops some symptoms due to COVID-19. Older people and those who are under medical treatment like- high blood pressure, cancer, heart disease, etc become a victim very quickly.
To prevent the spread of this disease people should stay aware of the latest information available on the national, state, and local public health authorities. Now, each and every country has succeeded in slowing the spread of the outbreak. People can reduce the chances of being infected by taking some simple precautions. People should regularly wash and clean hands with soap or alcohol-based hand rub. It can kill viruses that may be on hands. People should maintain at list 1meter (3feet) distance. Also, people should avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth. Wear a mask, glass, and hand gloves must be compulsory. People should make sure that they follow good respiratory hygiene and dispose of the used tissue immediately. People should stay home and not go out if not necessary. Always follow the local health authority if someone falls in cough, fever, or breathing problems. People should keep up to date information on the latest COVID-19 hotspot (cities or areas where viruses spreading). If possible avoid traveling. It has the highest chance of being affected. There are also guidelines for a person who has any recent travel history. He/ she must maintain self-isolation or to stay at home and avoid contact with other people. If necessary he/she must consult doctors. Moreover, measures like smoking, wearing multiple masks or used mask, and taking antibiotics are not effective against COVID-19. This can be very harmful.
Now, the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low in some areas. But at the same time, there are some places around the world where the disease is spreading. COVID-19 outbreaks or its spreading can be contained as has been shown in China and some other countries like- North Korea, New Zealand, Vietnam, etc. For people, living in or visiting those areas which are known as COVID-19 hotspot has the risk of catching this virus is higher. Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time when a new case of COVID-19 is identified. However various countries declared lockdown to prevent overtake the disease. People should be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel, movement, or gatherings. Cooperating with the disease can control efforts and will reduce the risk of catching or spreading COVID-19.
There is no evidence that medicine can prevent or cure the disease. While some western and traditional home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms. It should not recommend self-medication with medicines including antibiotics as prevention to cure. However, there are some ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. It should be reminded that antibiotics do not work against viruses. They only work on bacterial infections. So antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. Also, there is no vaccine yet to recover. People with serious illnesses should be hospitalized. Most patients have been recovered from the disease. Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials.
To surpass the globally affected disease every citizen of the world should be responsible. People should maintain every rule and measure forwarded by doctors and nurses, Police, military, etc. They are trying to save every life from this pandemic and we must be thankful to them.
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