World General Knowledge

Countries by Area (World General Knowledge)

Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

The independent country is not only self-governed nation with own authorities, this status needs the international diplomatic recognition of sovereignty. Thereby, we can say, that the total number of independent states in the world are 197, including fully recognized 193 members of the United Nations, 2 countries, Vatican City and Palestine, have the status of permanent observers in the UN. Another 2 states we include are Kosovo (recognized by 111 UN members) and Taiwan (recognized by 22 countries).

Vatican City

Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th 1929.

These were ratified on June 7th 1929. Its nature as a sovereign State distinct from the Holy See is universally recognized under international law.

Palestine

The State of Palestine is recognized by 136 UN members and since 2012 has a status of a non-member observer state in the United Nations – which amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood. It is a member of the Arab League, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, G77, and the International Olympic Committee.

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Kosovo

On 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 111 UN member states. Serbia refuses to recognize Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013, it has accepted the legitimacy of its institutions. Kosovo has a lower-middle-income economy and has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade by international financial institutions, and has experienced growth every year since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008.

Taiwan

China has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted the Republic of China (Taiwan) is no longer in legitimate existence. Under its One-China Policy the PRC refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognizes the ROC. Today 20 countries recognize the ROC as the sole legal representative of China, but many other states maintain unofficial ties through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. Although Taiwan is fully self-governing, most international organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor.Wo

Rank Sovereign State Total in km2 Notes
World 510,072,000
1. Russia 17,098,246 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world’s landmass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe.
Antarctica 14,000,000 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of land area is covered by ice. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.
2. Canada 9,984,670 Largest country in the Western Hemisphere, with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only, and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, or territorial waters of 200,000 km2
3. United States 9,525,067 Second largest country in the Americas, after Canada. Secondary figures for total area and water area denote the inclusion of all coastal and territorial waters into the statistical area.
4. China 9,640,011 Second largest country in Asia, after Russia. Excludes Taiwan (total 36,193 km2). Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters
5. Brazil 8,515,767 The largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere. Largest contiguous territory in the Americas.
6. Australia 7,692,024 The largest country in Oceania, the largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
7. India 3,287,263 Third largest country in Asia.
8. Argentina 2,780,400 The largest Spanish-speaking country and second largest country in South America.
9. Kazakhstan 2,724,900 Largest landlocked country.
10. Algeria 2,381,741 The largest Arabic-speaking country and largest country in Africa.
11. Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa and the largest officially Francophone country. 2nd largest country in Africa.
12. Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 Largest country in the Middle East.
13. Mexico 1,964,375 Clipperton Island (8.9 km², controlled by France) is not included.
14. Indonesia 1,910,931 The largest archipelagic state and island state in the world by area and population.
15. Sudan 1,861,484 Formerly the largest country in Africa. It is now the 3rd largest country in Africa.
16. Libya 1,759,540
17. Iran 1,648,195
18. Mongolia 1,564,110
19. Peru 1,285,216
20. Chad 1,284,000
21. Niger 1,267,000
22. Angola 1,246,700
23. Mali 1,240,192
24. South Africa 1,221,037
25. Colombia 1,141,748
26. Ethiopia 1,104,300
27. Bolivia 1,098,581
28. Mauritania 1,030,700
29. Egypt 1,002,450
30. Tanzania 945,087
31. Nigeria 923,768
32. Venezuela 916,445
33. Pakistan 881,912 Also known as Islamic Republic Of Pakistan.
34. Namibia 825,615
35. Mozambique 801,590
36. Turkey 783,562
37. Chile 756,102
38. Zambia 752,612
39. Myanmar 676,578 Also known as Burma.
40. Afghanistan 652,230
41. South Sudan 644,329
42. France 640,679 Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.
43. Somalia 637,657
44. Central African Republic 622,984
45. Ukraine 603,500 Largest country wholly in Europe.
46. Madagascar 587,041
47. Botswana 581,730
48. Kenya 580,367
49. Yemen 527,968
50. Thailand 513,120
51. Spain 505,992
52. Turkmenistan 488,100
53. Cameroon 475,442
54. Papua New Guinea 462,840
55. Sweden 450,295
56. Uzbekistan 447,400
57. Morocco 446,550
58. Iraq 438,317
59. Paraguay 406,752
60. Zimbabwe 390,757
61. Japan 377,930
62. Germany 357,114 Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany 108,333 (41,828)
63. Republic of the Congo 342,000
64. Finland 338,424
65. Vietnam 331,212
66. Malaysia 330,803
67. Norway 323,802
68. Ivory Coast 322,463
69. Poland 312,679
70. Oman 309,500
71. Italy 301,336
72. Philippines 300,000
73. Ecuador 276,841
74. Burkina Faso 274,222
75. New Zealand 270,467
76. Gabon 267,668
Western Sahara 266,000 Disputed territory.
77. Guinea 245,857
78. United Kingdom 242,495
79. Uganda 241,550
80. Ghana 238,533
81. Romania 238,397
82. Laos 236,800
83. Guyana 214,969
84. Belarus 207,600
85. Kyrgyzstan 199,951
86. Senegal 196,722
87. Syria 185,180
88. Cambodia 181,035
89. Uruguay 176,215
90. Suriname 163,820 Smallest country in South America.
91. Tunisia 163,610
92. Bangladesh 147,570
93. Nepal 147,181 Largest country in the Himalayan range
94. Tajikistan 143,100
95. Greece 131,990
96. Nicaragua 130,373 Largest country in Central America.
97. North Korea 120,540
98. Malawi 118,484
99. Eritrea 117,600
100. Benin 114,763
101. Honduras 112,492
102. Liberia 111,369
103. Bulgaria 110,879
104. Cuba 109,884 Largest country in Caribbean
105. Guatemala 108,889
106. Iceland 103,000
107. South Korea 100,210
108. Hungary 93,028
109. Portugal 92,090
110. Jordan 89,342
111. Serbia 88,361
112. Azerbaijan 86,600 Largest country in Caucasus
113. Austria 83,871
114. United Arab Emirates 83,600
115. Czech Republic 78,865
116. Panama 75,417
117. Sierra Leone 71,740
118. Ireland 70,273
119. Georgia 69,700
120. Sri Lanka 65,610
121. Lithuania 65,300
122. Latvia 64,559
123. Togo 56,785
124. Croatia 56,594
125. Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209
126. Costa Rica 51,100
127. Slovakia 49,037
128. Dominican Republic 48,671
129. Estonia 45,227
130. Denmark 43,094) Metropolitan Denmark only, without Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
131. Netherlands 41,850 Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.
132. Switzerland 41,284
133. Bhutan 38,394
Taiwan 36,193 Before the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi
134. Guinea-Bissau 36,125
135. Moldova 33,846
136. Belgium 30,528
137. Lesotho 30,355
138. Armenia 29,743
139. Solomon Islands 28,896
140. Albania 28,748
141. Equatorial Guinea 28,051
142. Burundi 27,834
143. Haiti 27,750
144. Rwanda 26,338
145. Macedonia 25,713
146. Djibouti 23,200
147. Belize 22,966
148. El Salvador 21,041 Smallest country in continental North America.
149. Israel 28,292
150. Slovenia 20,273
151. Fiji 18,272
152. Kuwait 17,818
153. Swaziland 17,364
154. East Timor 14,874
155. Bahamas 13,943
156. Montenegro 13,812
157. Vanuatu 12,189
158. Qatar 11,586
159. The Gambia 11,295 Smallest country in continental Africa.
160. Jamaica 10,991
Kosovo 10,887
161. Lebanon 10,452 Smallest country in continental Asia.
162. Cyprus 9,251
163. Palestine 6,020
164. Brunei 5,765
165. Trinidad and Tobago 5,130
166. Cape Verde 4,033
Northern Cyprus 3,355
167. Samoa 2,842
Hong Kong (China) 2,755
168. Luxembourg 2,586
169. Mauritius 2,040
170. Comoros 1,862
172. Kiribati 811
173. Bahrain 765
174. Dominica 751
175. Tonga 747
176. Singapore 719
177. Federated States of Micronesia 702
178. Saint Lucia 616
179. Andorra 468
180. Palau 459
181. Seychelles 452 Smallest country in Africa.
182. Antigua and Barbuda 442
183. Barbados 430
184. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389
185. Grenada 344
186. Malta 316
187. Maldives 300 Smallest country in Asia.
188. Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
189. Marshall Islands 181
Aruba (Netherlands) 180
190. Liechtenstein 160
191. San Marino 61
192. Tuvalu 26 Smallest Commonwealth realm.
193. Nauru 21 Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that isn’t a city-state.
194. Monaco 2.02 Smallest country with a coastline.
195. Vatican City 0.44 Smallest country in the world.
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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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