CSS Optional Subjects MCQs

Criminology Short Questions/Answers (Schools Of Thought throughout History MCQs)

Criminology Short Questions/Answers (Schools Of Thought throughout History Mcqs)
Written by CSS Times

Who is referred to as the founder of the Classical School of criminology?
• Beccaria


Who was the founder of the Positivist School?
• Lombroso


At a very young age he authored his most famous work titled, On Crimes and Punishments?
• Cesare Beccaria


On Crimes and Punishments was published in
• 1764


In criminology, the Classical School usually refers to the 18th-century work during the Enlightenment by the utilitarian and social-contract philosophers:
• Jeremy Bentham and Cesare Beccaria


The postmodernist school in criminology applies postmodernism to the study of
• Crime and Criminals


__________shift attention from Marxist concerns of economic and social oppression to linguistic production, arguing that criminal law is a language to create dominance relationships.
• Postmodernists


The primary idea behind ________is that criminals are born as such and not made into criminals
• Positivist criminology


It is the nature of the person, not nurture that results in criminal propensities. One famous positive criminologist was
• Lombroso


Which of the following persons established what came to be known as the classical school of criminology?
• Cesare Beccaria


Which of the following notions does the classical school of criminology suggest about individual behavior?
• persons weigh the consequences of their behavior


Which of the following views is purported by the positivist school of criminology?
• criminal behaviour stems from biological, psychological and social factors


What did Cesare Beccaria believe that crime problems could be traced to?
• bad laws


Which of the following views on punishment would Cesare Beccaria not agree with?
• it is better to punish crimes than prevent them


Which term did Jeremy Bentham use to describe human equations regarding behaviour?
• felicific calculus


The study of phrenology regarding criminal behavior suggests that:
• bumps on the head were indications of psychological propensities.


Lombroso contended that criminals are distinguishable from noncriminals by:
• atavistic stigmata.


Which of the following traits would be consistent with “born criminals,” according to Lombroso?
• huge jaws and strong canine teeth


Which of the following notions did Emile Durkheim not suggest about crime?
• crime is a result of genetic inferior people


Which category of criminals did Lombroso suggest were not born criminal?
• insane criminals


Why did Enrico Ferri argue that criminals should not be held morally responsible for their crimes?
• criminals are driven to commit crime by conditions in their lives


What term did Raffaele Garofalo use to describe criminal behaviour?
• moral anomalies


Who made the first major challenge to Lombrosian theory?
• Charles Buckman Goring


Who is credited with the reawakening of Lombrosian theory in 1939?
• Ernest Hooten


Which of the following treatments did Ernest Hooten recommend for criminals?
• Sterilization


The term somatotype refers to the relationship of criminal behaviour to:
• body build.


According to William Sheldon, who is more likely to be involved in illegal behaviour?
• Mesomorphs


What name did Richard Dugdale assign to the family of more than 1000 members that he studied when concluding that criminality was genetically linked?
• Jukes


Adolphe Quetelet and Andre Michel Guerry suggested that criminal behaviour is a result of:
• social factors.


_______view human behaviour resulting from many forces
• Positivists school


_______contends persons will make rational choices.
• Classical school


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