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August 2019

Day by Day Current Affairs (August 2, 2019) | MCQs for CSS, PMS

Day by Day Current Affairs (August 21, 2019) MCQs for CSS, PMS.JPG 1
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

August 02, 2019: National Current Affairs

1. NA body approves bill to stop illegal sale, purchase of human organs

• The National Assembly Standing Committee on National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination on Thursday approved the Transplantadon of Human Organs and Tissue (amendment) Bill to stop illegal sale and purchase of human organs.
• The committee meeting was held at the Parliament Lodges with MNA Khalid Hussain Magsi in the chair. After detailed deliberations on the said bill, moved by MNA Kishwar Zehra, the NA committee unanimously passed it after a slight amendment. It was decided that the words `uncles` and `aunts` will be excluded f rom the donors list to avoid misuse of the law.
• The law was brought to stop illegal sale and purchase of human organs while the terms `uncles` and `aunts` as donors would create an ambiguity and there was a chance of misuse of the interpretation. The mover of the bill said that the donor would be a close blood relative like son, daughter, sister or brother.

2. Punjab removes ACE DG

• The Punjab government has removed Anti-Corruption Establishment (ACE) Director General Ejaz Hussain Shah (BS-22) reportedly over his `poor performance`.
• Mr Shah was appointed on March 4 this year as the ACE DG and a decision to make him officer on special duty some four months later has raised eyebrows of many senior officers. He was directed to report to the Services & General Administration Department for further order, said the notification issued on August 1, 2019.

3. Three Balochistan districts converted into `A` areas

• Three districts of Balochistan have been converted into `A` areas from `B` areas.
• `A` areas are those where police are responsible for maintaining law and order, while `B` areas are those where Levies perform such duties.
• About three months ago, the Balochistan cabinet had decided to convert the Levies areas of Quetta, Gwadar and Lasbela districts into police areas to improve security.
• As part of implementation of the decision, the process of merger of police and Levies stations in three districts of has begun.
• Police have taken charge of Levies stations in Quetta, Gwadar and Lasbela.

4. Ustad Hameed Ali Khan passes away

• The eminent classical singer Ustad Hameed Ali Khan passed away after heart attack on August 1, 2019. He was 72.
• Ustad Hameed Ali Khan belonged to a family of classical singers and was the brother of Ustad Fateh Ali Khan and Ustad Rajab Ali Khan,
• He was awarded “Sitara e Imtiaz” on his services in the field of music

August 02, 2019: International Current Affairs

5. Rwanda reopens DR Congo border amid Ebola outbreak

• An epidemic of Ebola in eastern DR Congo marked its first anniversary on August 1, 2019 with two more cases in the densely populated frontier city of Goma and accusations by Kinshasa that Rwanda had rushed to shutter its border in response to the crisis a move, it said, that was reversed eight hourslater.
• The two new cases of infection are the wife and the baby of a man who had died of Ebola on Wednesday, health workers said.
• More than 1,800 lives have been lost in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo since Ebola broke out on August 1 2018.
• Fears that the disease could spread to neighbouring countries have mounted since mid-July, when the first of two fatalities occurred in Goma, a transport hub lying adjacent to the Rwandan city of Gisenyi.

6. Dutch ban on burqas takes effect

• The Netherlands banned the wearing of a face-covering veil, such as a burqa or niqab, in public buildings and on transport from August 1, 2019 as a contentious law on the garment worn by some Muslim women came into force.
• Between 200 and 400 women are estimated to wear a burqa or niqab in the country of 17 million people.
• The Dutch legislation was passed in June 2018 after more than a decade of political debate on the subject.
• Far-right politician Geert Wilders had proposed the face-covering veil ban back in 2005.
• The Dutch interior ministry issued a statement saying: `From now on the wearing of clothing which covers the face is banned in educational facilities, public institutions and buildings, as well as hospitals and public transport.` People must be recognisable in public spaces, so the ban also applies to face covering helmets or hoods, punishable by a fine of 150 euros ($165).
• The Dutch law does not ban the wearing of a burqa on the street, unlike France`s banwhichtookeffectin2010.
• Belgium, Denmark and Austria have similar laws.

7. Osama bin Laden`s son Hamza killed: US media

• Osama bin Laden`s son Hamza, chosen heir to the leadership of Al Qaeda, has been killed, US media reported citing American officials.
• NBC News said three US officials had confirmed they had information of Hamza bin L aden`s death, but gave no details of the place or date.
• The New York Times subsequently cited two US officials as saying they had confirmation that he was killed during the last two years in an operation that involved the United States.
• Questioned by reporters in the Oval Office,President Donald Trump did not confirm or deny the NBC report.
• The 15th of Osama bin Laden`s 20 children and a son of his third wife, Hamza, thought to be about 30 years old, was `emerging as a leader in the Al Qaeda franchise`, the State Department said in announcing the reward.

8. Disabled members debut in Japanese parliament

• Japan`S parliament opened a special session on August 1, 2019 with its most diverse upper house yet, including more women, two severely disabled members and the first openly gay male lawmaker, all of whom were elected last month.
• Newly crowned Emperor Naruhito read from a scroll in a ceremony attended by members of both houses. Workers had removed chairs in the upper house to make room for the wheelchairs of the two disabled members, Eiko Kimura and Yasuhiko Funago, whose July 21 election wins point to changing attitudes in Japan, which has long kept disabled people hidden. `I`m surprised to see that so many people have come,` Funago said through an aide who followed his eye movements as they scanned an array of Japanese letters in front of him. `I`ll try to meet people`s expectations. Both Funago, who has Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or ALS, a progressive disease that leads to loss of muscle control, and Kimura, who has cerebral palsy, ran from a small opposition group, the Reiwa Shinsengumi.

9. Research shows diet can help treat cancer

• Diet is already a key part of managing diseases like diabetes and hypertension, but new research adds to a growing body of evidence that it could help cancer treatment too. The study, published on August 1, 2019 in the journal Nature, found restricting intake of an amino acid found in red meat and eggs significantly enhanced cancer treatment in mice, slowing tumour growth.
• “These are very strong effects, and they are effects that are as strong as we would see with drugs that work,” said lead researcher Jason Locasale, an associate professor at Duke University’s School of Medicine. “What this study is showing is that there are many situations where a drug by itself doesn’t work, but if you combine the drug with the diet, it works. Or the radiation therapy doesn’t work well, but if you combine … with the diet, it works well,” he said.

10. Scientists announce 3D heart-printing breakthrough

• US scientists have successfully built functional head pans out of collagen using a 3D bioprinter, a breakthrough they say could one day create entire organs.
• Their technique, which was described in the journal Science on August 1, 2019, replicates the body`s own complex biological scaffolds that provide the structure and biochemical signaling organs need to function.
• `What we were able to show was you can actually 3D print a heart valve out of collagen, and they function,` said Adam Feinberg, one of the paper`s co-authors.

Day by Day Current Affairs (August 21, 2019) MCQs for CSS, PMS.JPG 1

News Source: Daily Dawn, Daily Nation

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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad Faisal Malik is the administrator of and is responsible for managing the content, design, and overall direction of the blog. He has a strong background in Competitive Exams and is passionate and sharing information with others.
Shahzad Faisal Malik has worked as a Graphic Designer/Content Creator at CSSTimes in the past. In his free time, Shahzad Faisal Malik enjoys watching Cricket, writing blogs for different websites and is always on the lookout for new and interesting content to share with the readers of this website.
As the website administrator, Shahzad Faisal Malik is dedicated to providing high-quality content and fostering a welcoming and engaging community for readers. He looks forward to connecting with readers and hearing their thoughts and feedback on the website.

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