Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning 09 September 2019

Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning 09 September 2019
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
September 09, 2019


Strenuous (adjective) سخت محنتی، سرگرمی سے، محنت طلب

requiring or using great effort or exertion.
Example: “the government made strenuous efforts to upgrade the quality of the teaching profession”
Synonyms: arduous, difficult, hard, tough, taxing, demanding, exacting, uphill, stiff, formidable, heavy
Antonyms: easy, effortless, half-hearted, feeble


Enthusiastic (adjective) پرجوش، پرولولہ، سرگرمی

having or showing intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
Example: “he could be wildly enthusiastic about a project”
Synonyms: eager, keen, avid, ardent, fervent, warm, passionate, zealous, lively, vivacious, energetic
Antonyms: apathetic


Muster (verb) اکٹھے ہونا، فوجی دستوں کا ایک جگہ جمع ہونا

assemble (troops), especially for inspection or in preparation for battle.
Example: “17,000 men had been mustered on Haldon Hill”
Synonyms: assemble, bring together, call together, marshal, mobilize, rally, round up, raise
Antonyms: disperse

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Mushroom (verb) تیزی سے بڑھنا، پھیلنا

increase, spread, or develop rapidly.
Example: “environmental concern mushroomed in the 1960s”
Synonyms: proliferate, grow/develop rapidly, burgeon, spread, increase, expand, spring up, shoot
Antonyms: contract, fail


Stubborn (adjective) ضدی، ڈھیٹ، کڑا،ہٹ دھرم

having or showing dogged determination not to change one’s attitude or position on something, especially in spite of good arguments or reasons to do so.
Example: “a stubborn refusal to learn from experience”
Synonyms: obstinate, stubborn as a mule, mulish, headstrong, wilful, strong-willed, self-willed
Antonyms: compliant, docile


Enormous (adjective) بہت زیادہ، غیر معمولی،بے پناہ

very large in size, quantity, or extent.
Example: “enormous sums of money”
Synonyms: huge, vast, extensive, expansive, broad, wide; boundless, immeasurable, limitless
Antonyms: tiny


Pristine (adjective) قدیم، اصلی، پرانا

in its original condition; unspoilt.
Example: “pristine copies of an early magazine”
Synonyms: immaculate, in perfect condition, perfect, in mint condition, as new, unspoiled
Antonyms: dirty, sullied


Ancient (adjective) قدیم،بہت پرانا،

belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
Example: “the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean”
Synonyms: of long ago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone; prehistoric, primeval
Antonyms: recent, contemporary


Robust (adjective) مضبوط، طاقتور،صحتمند

strong and healthy; vigorous.
Example: “the Caplan family are a robust lot”
Synonyms: strong, vigorous, sturdy, tough, powerful, powerfully built, solidly built
Antonyms: weak, frail


Deteriorate (verb) بگاڑنا، خاصیت بگڑ جانا

become progressively worse.
Example: “relations between the countries had deteriorated sharply”
Synonyms: worsen, get worse, decline, be in decline, degenerate, decay; collapse, fail, fall, drop
Antonyms: improve


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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