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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
January 29, 2019
Parley (noun) قول و قرار کرنا، معاملات طے کرنا
a conference between opposing sides in a dispute, especially a discussion of terms for an armistice.
Example: “a parley is in progress and the invaders may withdraw”
Synonyms: negotiation, talk(s), meeting, conference, summit, discussion, dialogue, conclave,
Antonyms: quiet, silence
Circumspect (adjective) چوکس، ہوشیار، ہوشیاری، محتاط، چوکنا
wary and unwilling to take risks.
Example: “the officials were very circumspect in their statements”
Synonyms: cautious, wary, careful, chary, guarded, on one’s guard; discreet; watchful, alert,
Antonyms: unguarded, incautious
Upheaval (noun) انقلاب عظیم
a violent or sudden change or disruption to something.
Example: “major upheavals in the financial markets”
Synonyms: disruption, upset, disturbance, trouble, turbulence; disorder, disorganization,
Antonyms: stability, tranquillity
Enlighten (verb) روشن خیال کرنا، منور کرنا، روشنی ڈالنا، واضح کرنا
give (someone) greater knowledge and understanding about a subject or situation.
Example: “Christopher had not enlightened Francis as to their relationship”
Synonyms: inform, make aware, notify, tell, advise, let know, illuminate, open someone’s eyes,
Predecessor (noun) پیشرو، سابقہ، پچھلے
a person who held a job or office before the current holder.
Example: “the new President’s foreign policy is very similar to that of his predecessor”
Synonyms: former/previous holder of the post, forerunner, precursor, antecedent
Cognizant (adjective) آگاہ، محرم ہونا
having knowledge or awareness.
Example: “statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work”
Synonyms: aware, conscious, apprised, abreast; sensible of/to, alive to, sensitive to, alert to, familiar with,
Antonyms: ignorant, indifferent, senseless, thoughtless
Riposte (noun) جوابی وار، منہ توڑ جواب
make a quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism.
Example: “‘You’ve got a strange sense of honour,’ Grant riposted”
Synonyms: retort, counter, rejoin, return, retaliate, hurl back, fling back, snap back, answer, reply
Antonyms: ask, inquire, question
Nonetheless (adverb) بہرحال، تاہم، پھر بھی، اس کے باوجود
in spite of that; nevertheless.
Example: “the rally, which the government had declared illegal, was nonetheless attended by some 6,000”
Synonyms: in spite of that/everything, nevertheless, even so, however, but, still, yet, though, be that as it may,
Opprobrium (noun) رسوائی، ذلت، تحقیر، بدنامی، طعنہ زنی،مذمت
harsh criticism or censure.
Example: “the critical opprobrium generated by his films”
Synonyms: vilification, abuse, vituperation, condemnation, criticism, censure, castigation
Antonyms: praise, honour
Ostensibly (adverb) بناوٹی طور پر، ظاہری طور پر، مبینہ دعوے پر مبنی
as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.
Example: “the party secretary resigned, ostensibly from ill health”
Synonyms: apparently, seemingly, on the face of it, to all appearances, on the surface, to all intents and purposes,
Antonyms: genuinely, really, truly