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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
March 11, 2019
Aplomb (noun) خود اعتمادی، سیدھا کھڑا ہونا
self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situation.
Example: “Diana passed the test with aplomb”
Synonyms: poise, self-assurance, assurance, self-possession, self-confidence, calmness,
Assertion (noun) دعویٰ، حق جتانا
a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
Example: “his assertion that his father had deserted the family”
Synonyms: declaration, contention, statement, claim, submission, postulation, averment, opinion,
Antonyms: disclaimer, challenge, dispute
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Vitriolic (adjective) پرجوش، جلی کٹی
filled with bitter criticism or malice.
Example: “vitriolic attacks on the politicians”
Synonyms: acrimonious, rancorous, bitter, caustic, mordant, acerbic, astringent, acid, acrid
Antonyms: pleasant, kind
Shrill (adjective) کان پھاڑ آواز، آواز کی تیزی اور باریکی
(of a voice or sound) high-pitched and piercing.
Example: “a shrill laugh”
Synonyms: high-pitched, piercing, high, sharp, ear-piercing, ear-splitting, air-rending, penetrating
Antonyms: low, soft, dulcet
Constraint (noun) رکاوٹ، زبردستی،مجبوری
a limitation or restriction.
Example: “time constraints make it impossible to do everything”
Synonyms: restriction, limitation, curb, check, restraint, control, curtailment, damper, rein
Eradicate (verb) جڑ سے اکھاڑنا،مٹانا
destroy completely; put an end to.
Example: “this disease has been eradicated from the world”
Synonyms: get rid of, eliminate, do away with, remove, suppress; exterminate, destroy, annihilate
Antonyms: conserve, preserve, protect, save
Restraint (noun) تحمل، ضبط شدہ، پابندی
a measure or condition that keeps someone or something under control.
Example: “decisions are made within the financial restraints of the budget”
Synonyms: constraint, check, control, restriction, limitation, curtailment; rein, bridle, brake
Ascertain (verb) تحقیق شدہ، معلوم کرنا
find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
Example: “an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident”
Synonyms: find out, discover, get/come to know, work out, make out, fathom (out)
Antonyms: miss, overlook, disregard, ignore
Lingering (adjective) مدھم پڑ جانا، دیر لگانا،سست رو، کاہل
lasting for a long time or slow to end.
Example: “there are still some lingering doubts in my mind”
Synonyms: remaining, surviving, persisting, abiding, nagging, niggling, gnawing, lasting, residual
Stagger (verb) ڈگمگانا، لغرش ہونا
walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.
Example: “he staggered to his feet, swaying a little”
Synonyms: lurch, walk unsteadily, reel, sway, teeter, totter, stumble, wobble, move clumsily
Antonyms: decide, budge, stir, advance, continue