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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
January 27, 2019
Lieutenant (noun) جانشین، مددگار، کپتانی کا عہدہ
a deputy or substitute acting for a superior.
Example: “one of the Prime Minister’s most trusted lieutenants”
Synonyms: deputy, second in command, right-hand man/woman, number two, assistant, aide,
Antonyms: adversary, antagonist
Enlightened (adjective) روشن خیال، چمکانا، بصیرت، صاحب دل
having or showing a rational, modern, and well-informed outlook.
Example: “the more enlightened employers offer better terms”
Synonyms: informed, aware, educated, knowledgeable, learned, wise, literate, intellectual, tutored
Antonyms: ignorant, benighted
Restraint (noun) تحمل، ضبط شدہ،پابندی، روک
deprivation or restriction of personal liberty or freedom of movement.
Example: “he remained aggressive and required physical restraint”
Synonyms: constraint, check, control, restriction, limitation, curtailment; rein, bridle, brake
Wayward (adjective) ضدی، خود پسند، خود رائے
difficult to control or predict because of wilful or perverse behaviour.
Example: “a wayward adolescent”
Synonyms: wilful, self-willed, headstrong, stubborn, obstinate, obdurate, perverse, contrary,
Antonyms: well behaved, docile
Elude (verb) بچنا، آنکھ سے بچ نکلنا،بچ نکلنا،
escape from or avoid (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skilful or cunning way.
Example: “he tried to elude the security men by sneaking through a back door”
Synonyms: evade, avoid, get away from, dodge, flee, escape (from), run (away) from; lose,
Antonyms: be caught by
Dispensation (noun) قسمت، فراہمی، تقدیر ازل
exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Example: “although she was too young, she was given special dispensation to play before her birthday”
Synonyms: exemption, immunity, exception, exclusion, exoneration, freedom, release, relief
Antonyms: disfavor, whole, denial, veto
Ludicrous (adjective) مضحکہ خیز، محمل،
so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing.
Example: “it’s ludicrous that I have been fined”
Synonyms: absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous, foolish, idiotic, stupid, inane,
Surveillance (noun) نگرانی، حراست
close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
Example: “he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence”
Synonyms: observation, scrutiny, watch, view, inspection, monitoring, supervision, superintendence
Antonyms: carelessness, ignorance, neglect
Discretionary (adjective) صوابدیدی
available for use at the discretion of the user.
Example: “there has been an increase in year-end discretionary bonuses”
Synonyms: optional, non-compulsory, voluntary, at one’s discretion, up to the individual
Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory
Nebulous (adjective) مبہم، غیر واضح، دھندلا
in the form of a cloud or haze; hazy.
Example: “a giant nebulous glow”
Synonyms: indistinct, indefinite, unclear, vague, hazy, cloudy, fuzzy, misty, lacking definition
Antonyms: clear, well defined