Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (12 February 2021)

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
February 12, 2021


Promulgate (verb) تشہیر، اشتہار، منادی، شائع کرنا

promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).
Example: “these objectives have to be promulgated within the organization”
Synonyms: make known, make public, publicize, spread, communicate, propagate, disseminate
Antonyms: repress, conceal, suppress, stifle


Perpetual (adjective) ہمیشہ رہنے والا، دائمی

never ending or changing.
Example: “deep caves in perpetual darkness”
Synonyms: everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent, unending, endless, without end, lasting
Antonyms: transitory, temporary, intermittent


Exhaustive (adjective) مکمل اور جامع، تشریحی

including or considering all elements or aspects; fully comprehensive.
Example: “the guide outlines every bus route in exhaustive detail”
Synonyms: comprehensive, all-inclusive, complete, full, full-scale, all-embracing, all-encompassing, encyclopedic
Antonyms: perfunctory, incomplete


Murderous (adjective) قاتلانہ، خونی

capable of or intending to murder; dangerously violent.
Example: “a brutal and murderous despot”
Synonyms: homicidal, brutal, violent, savage, ferocious, fierce, vicious, bloodthirsty, barbarous
Antonyms: easy, light


Ancient (adjective) قدیم، بوڑھا، بڑی عمر کا

belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
Example: “the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean”
Synonyms: of long ago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone, prehistoric, primeval
Antonyms: recent, contemporary


Desecrate (verb) ناپاک کرنا، بے حرمتی کرنا

treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect.
Example: “more than 300 graves were desecrated”
Synonyms: violate, profane, treat sacrilegiously, treat with disrespect, pollute, contaminate, infect
Antonyms: venerate, sanctify


Fanatical (adjective) کٹر، جنونی

filled with excessive and single-minded zeal.
Example: “fanatical revolutionaries”
Synonyms: zealous, extremist, extreme, militant, dogmatic, sectarian, bigoted, rabid, maniacal
Antonyms: moderate, open-minded


Incarcerate (verb) قید کرنا

imprison or confine.
Example: “many are incarcerated for property offences”
Synonyms: imprison, put in prison, send to prison, jail, lock up, take into custody, put under lock and key
Antonyms: free, release


Moratorium (noun) قرض ادا کرنے کی قانونی مہلت

a temporary prohibition of an activity.
Example: “a moratorium on the use of drift nets”
Synonyms: embargo, ban, prohibition, suspension, postponement, stay, stoppage, halt
Antonyms: resuscitation, renewal, recommencement


Exonerate (verb) الزام سے بری کرنا، بوجھ اتارنا

(of an official body) absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing.
Example: “an inquiry exonerated those involved”
Synonyms: absolve, clear, acquit, declare innocent, find innocent, pronounce not guilty
Antonyms: charge, convict


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad Faisal Malik is the administrator of CSSTimes.pk and is responsible for managing the content, design, and overall direction of the blog. He has a strong background in Competitive Exams and is passionate and sharing information with others.
Shahzad Faisal Malik has worked as a Graphic Designer/Content Creator at CSSTimes in the past. In his free time, Shahzad Faisal Malik enjoys watching Cricket, writing blogs for different websites and is always on the lookout for new and interesting content to share with the readers of this website.
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