Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (25 August 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (25 August 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
August 25, 2021


Exacerbate (verb) خفا کرنا، تیز کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce


Stimulus (noun) ابھارنے والی چیز، معلومات، محرک، تحریک

a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.
Example: “areas of the brain which respond to auditory stimuli”
Synonyms: spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost, prompt, prod, incentive, inducement
Antonyms: deterrent, discouragement


Fluctuation (noun) اتار چڑھاﺅ، لڑکھڑانا

an irregular rising and falling in number or amount; a variation.
Example: “fluctuations in the yearly values could be caused by a variety of factors”
Synonyms: variation, shift, change, alteration, swing, movement, oscillation, undulation, alternation
Antonyms: stability


Depreciate (verb) قیمت کم ہونا، فروسودگی

diminish in value over a period of time.
Example: “the latest cars will depreciate heavily in the first year”
Synonyms: decrease in value, lose value, decline in price, drop in price, fall in price, cheapen, devalue
Antonyms: appreciate


Hinge (noun) دو حصوں کو آپس میں جوڑنے والا قبضہ

depend entirely on.
Example: “the future of the industry could hinge on the outcome of next month’s election”
Synonyms: depend, hang, rest, turn, pivot, centre, be based, be contingent
Antonyms: dislocate, sublux, disengage, disjoint


Distress (verb) شدید تکلیف ہونا، رنج کا باعث

cause (someone) anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Example: “I didn’t mean to distress you”
Synonyms: cause anguish to, cause suffering to, pain, upset, make miserable, make wretched, grieve
Antonyms: calm, soothe, please, comforting,


Repudiation (noun) ترک، چھوڑ دینا، عدم قبول

rejection of a proposal or idea.
Example: “the repudiation of reformist policies”
Synonyms: rejection, renunciation, renouncement, abandonment, forsaking, forswearing, giving up
Antonyms: confirmation, acknowledgement, ratification, acceptance


Instinct (noun) جبلت، پیدائشی رجحان

an innate, typically fixed pattern of behaviour in animals in response to certain stimuli.
Example: “the homing instinct”
Synonyms: natural tendency, inborn tendency, inherent tendency, inclination, inner prompting, urge
Antonyms: reason, reasoning, abstraction


Forestall (verb) روکنا، پیش بندی کرنا

prevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking advance action.
Example: “they will present their resignations to forestall a vote of no confidence”
Synonyms: pre-empt, get in before, get ahead of, steal a march on, anticipate, second-guess, nip in the bud
Antonyms: abet, aid, assist


Vary (verb) مختلف ہونا، بدل دینا

differ in size, amount, degree, or nature from something else of the same general class.
Example: “the properties vary in price”
Synonyms: differ, be different, be unlike, be dissimilar, range, extend, stretch, reach, cover, go
Antonyms: agree, be static


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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