Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (11 November 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (11 November 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
November 11, 2021


Abysmal (adjective) انتہائی، ناقابل پیمائش، بے انتہا گہرا

extremely bad; appalling.
Example: “the quality of her work is abysmal”
Synonyms: very bad, dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious, disgraceful, deplorable
Antonyms: superb


Cognizant (adjective) واقف، محرم ہونا

having knowledge or awareness.
Example: “statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work”
Synonyms: aware, conscious, apprised, abreast, sensible of/to, alive to, sensitive to
Antonyms: ignorant, indifferent, senseless, thoughtless


Complacent (adjective) مطمئن، اطمینان، آسودہ خاطر

showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Example: “you can’t afford to be complacent about security”
Synonyms: smug, self-satisfied, pleased with oneself, proud of oneself, self-approving, self-congratulatory
Antonyms: dissatisfied, humble


Vindicate (verb) انصاف کرن، صحیح ثابت کرنا

clear (someone) of blame or suspicion.
Example: “hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict”
Synonyms: acquit, clear, absolve, free from blame, declare innocent, exonerate, exculpate
Antonyms: convict, blame, incriminate


Ravage (verb) بربادی، تباہی، پامالی

cause severe and extensive damage to.
Example: “the hurricane ravaged southern Florida”
Synonyms: lay waste, devastate, ruin, leave in ruins, destroy, wreak havoc on, leave desolate
Antonyms: sparing, conserving, preserving


Desperate (adjective) مایوس کن، بے تاب

feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.
Example: “a desperate sadness enveloped Ruth”
Synonyms: despairing, hopeless, anguished, distressed, in despair, suicidal, miserable, wretched
Antonyms: cheerful, composed


Traverse (verb) پھیلا ہوا، محیط، سفر کرنا

travel across or through.
Example: “he traversed the forest”
Synonyms: travel over/across, cross, journey over/across, make one’s way across, pass over, go across
Antonyms: pass, omit, sanction, permit


Exacerbate (verb) تیز کرنا، بگاڑنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce


Starvation (noun) فاقہ کشی، بھوکا ہونا

suffering or death caused by lack of food.
Example: “thousands died of starvation”
Synonyms: extreme hunger, lack of food, famine, want, undernourishment, malnourishment, fasting
Antonyms: plenty, supply, wealth, opulence


Vulnerable (adjective) غیر محفوظ، جو مجروح کیا جا سکے

exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Example: “we were in a vulnerable position”
Synonyms: in danger, in peril, in jeopardy, at risk, endangered, unsafe, unprotected, ill-protected
Antonyms: well protected, invulnerable, resilient, immune to


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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