Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (13 October 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (13 October 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
October 13, 2021


Exonerate (verb) رہا کرنا، بری کرنا، بے خطا ٹھہرانا

(of an official body) absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing.
Example: “an inquiry exonerated those involved”
Synonyms: absolve, clear, acquit, declare innocent, find innocent, pronounce not guilty
Antonyms: charge, convict


Retrospective (adjective) گزشتہ زمانہ سے متعلق، سابقہ

looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.
Example: “our survey was retrospective”
Synonyms: backdated, retroactive, ex post facto, backward-looking
Antonyms: future, likely, potential, prospective


Perplex (verb) الجھانا، چکرا دینا، پیچیدہ بنانا

make (someone) feel completely baffled.
Example: “she was perplexed by her husband’s moodiness”
Synonyms: puzzle, baffle, mystify, bemuse, bewilder, confound, confuse, nonplus, disconcert
Antonyms: bore, clarify, clear up, expect


Erroneous (adjective) غلط، بے قاعدہ

wrong; incorrect.
Example: “employers sometimes make erroneous assumptions”
Synonyms: wrong, incorrect, mistaken, in error, inaccurate, not accurate, inexact
Antonyms: right, correct


Precarious (adjective) غیر مستحکم، نازک، فرضی

dependent on chance; uncertain.
Example: “he made a precarious living as a painter”
Synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unreliable, unsure, unpredictable, undependable, risky, hazardous
Antonyms: safe, secure


Erratic (adjective) بے ترتیب، غیر یقینی

not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.
Example: “her breathing was erratic”
Synonyms: unpredictable, inconsistent, changeable, variable, inconstant, uncertain, irregular
Antonyms: predictable, consistent


Ambiguous (adjective) مشکوک، مبہم، ذومعنی

not clear or decided.
Example: “the election result was ambiguous”
Synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate, open to argument, arguable, debatable, Delphic
Antonyms: unambiguous, clear


Suspicion (noun) اندیشہ، شک

a feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
Example: “she had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her”
Synonyms: intuition, feeling, impression, inkling, surmise, guess, conjecture, speculation, hunch
Antonyms: certainty


Betray (verb) دھوکہ دینا، غداری، بے وفائی

expose (one’s country, a group, or a person) to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy.
Example: “a double agent who betrayed some 400 British and French agents to the Germans”
Synonyms: break one’s promise to, be disloyal to, be unfaithful to, break faith with, play someone false
Antonyms: be loyal to


Rebellion (noun) انحراف، بغاوت، مزاحمت

an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader.
Example: “the authorities put down a rebellion by landless colonials”
Synonyms: uprising, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, revolution, insurgence, insurgency, rising
Antonyms: obedience


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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