Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (15 November 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (15 November 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
November 15, 2021


Dilute (verb) پتلا، ملاوٹ کرنا، کمزور

make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it.
Example: “bleach can be diluted with cold water”
Synonyms: make weaker, weaken, thin out, thin, make thinner, water down, add water to, mix
Antonyms: concentrate


Tortuous (adjective) پیچیدہ، بل دار، مشکل

full of twists and turns.
Example: “the route is remote and tortuous”
Synonyms: twisting, winding, curving, curvy, bending, sinuous, undulating, coiling, looping
Antonyms: straight


Apocalyptic (adjective) کشفی، الہامی

describing or prophesying the complete destruction of the world.
Example: “the apocalyptic visions of ecologists”
Synonyms: catastrophic, momentous, ominous, portentous, life-and-death, serious, grave
Antonyms: unprophetic


Poignant (adjective) تکلیف دہ، دلخراش، پراثر

evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret.
Example: “a poignant reminder of the passing of time”
Synonyms: touching, moving, sad, saddening, affecting, pitiful, piteous, pitiable, pathetic
Antonyms: cheerful, happy, indifferent, unaffecting


Forebear (noun) روکے رکھنا، باز رکھنا

an ancestor.
Example: “generations of his forebears had lived in London”
Synonyms: ancestor, forefather, predecessor, progenitor, father, grandfather, parent, grandparent
Antonyms: descendant


Irrespective (adjective) باوجود، بلا لحاظ، قطع نظر

not taking (something) into account; regardless of.
Example: “child benefit is paid irrespective of income levels”
Synonyms: regardless of, without regard to/for, disregarding, ignoring, notwithstanding, whatever, no matter what
Antonyms: according to


Congenital (adjective) خلقی، پیدائشی

(of a disease or physical abnormality) present from birth.
Example: “a congenital malformation of the heart”
Synonyms: inborn, inherited, hereditary, in the blood, in the family, innate, inbred
Antonyms: acquired


Discretionary (adjective) صوابدیدی، فراخدلی،سخاوت

available for use at the discretion of the user.
Example: “there has been an increase in year-end discretionary bonuses”
Synonyms: optional, non-compulsory, voluntary, at one’s discretion, up to the individual
Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory


Arbiter (noun) فیصلہ کرنےوالا، قاضی

a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter.
Example: “the Secretary of State is the final arbiter”
Synonyms: adjudicator, arbitrator, judge, umpire, referee, assistant referee, linesman, line judge
Antonyms: fail, reject, disapprove, pass


Depict (verb) منظر کشی کرنا، دکھانا

represent by a drawing, painting, or other art form.
Example: “paintings depicting Old Testament scenes”
Synonyms: portray, represent, picture, illustrate, delineate, outline, reproduce, render
Antonyms: hide, conceal, suppress


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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