Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (20 September 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (20 September 2021)
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
September 20, 2021

Cognizant (adjective) آگاہ، واقف، باخبر، محرم ہونا

having knowledge or awareness.
Example: “statesmen must be cognizant of the political boundaries within which they work”
Synonyms: aware, conscious, apprised, abreast, sensible of/to, alive to, sensitive to
Antonyms: unaware, ignorant, uninformed

Ancient (adjective) قدیم، بڑی عمر کا آدمی، پرانا

belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence.
Example: “the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean”
Synonyms: of long ago, earliest, first, early, past, former, bygone, prehistoric
Antonyms: recent, contemporary

Impetus (noun) قوت، دھکا، محرک

the force or energy with which a body moves.
Example: “hit the booster coil before the flywheel loses all its impetus”
Synonyms: momentum, propulsion, impulsion, impelling force, motive force, driving force
Antonyms: quickly, counterincentive, disincentive

Envisage (verb) گمان کرنا، تصور کرنا، سوچنا

contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Example: “the Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers”
Synonyms: foresee, predict, forecast, foretell, anticipate, expect, think likely, envision
Antonyms: disregard, ignore

Nonetheless (adverb) پھر بھی، تاہم

in spite of that; nevertheless.
Example: “it was the barest of welcomes, but it was a welcome nonetheless”
Synonyms: in spite of that/everything, nevertheless, even so, however, but, still, yet, though,
Antonyms: consequently, hence, subsequently

Prohibitive (adjective) ممنوع، امتناعی مانع

(of a law or rule) forbidding or restricting something.
Example: “prohibitive legislation”
Synonyms: proscriptive, prohibitory, restrictive, suppressive, repressive, restraining, inhibitory
Antonyms: cheap, inexpensive, moderate

Speculation (noun) قیاس، سٹہ بازی

the forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.
Example: “there has been widespread speculation that he plans to quit”
Synonyms: conjecture, theorizing, hypothesizing, supposition, guesswork, talk, theory
Antonyms: truth, ignorance, measurement, neglect

Exacerbate (verb) شدید تر کرنا، خفا کرنا، بدتر کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce

Scathing (adjective) سخت تنقید کا نشانہ بنانا

witheringly scornful; severely critical.
Example: “she launched a scathing attack on the Prime Minister”
Synonyms: devastating, withering, blistering, extremely critical, coruscating, searing, scorching
Antonyms: mild, gentle, complimentary

Orchestrate (verb) منصوبہ بندی کرنا، ترکیب بنانا

arrange or score (music) for orchestral performance.
Example: “the song cycle was stunningly arranged and orchestrated”
Synonyms: arrange, adapt, score, instrument
Antonyms: disperse, divide, separate

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About the author

Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad Faisal Malik is the administrator of CSSTimes.pk and is responsible for managing the content, design, and overall direction of the blog. He has a strong background in Competitive Exams and is passionate and sharing information with others.
Shahzad Faisal Malik has worked as a Graphic Designer/Content Creator at CSSTimes in the past. In his free time, Shahzad Faisal Malik enjoys watching Cricket, writing blogs for different websites and is always on the lookout for new and interesting content to share with the readers of this website.
As the website administrator, Shahzad Faisal Malik is dedicated to providing high-quality content and fostering a welcoming and engaging community for readers. He looks forward to connecting with readers and hearing their thoughts and feedback on the website.

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