Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (24 December 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (24 December 2021)
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
December 24, 2021

Punitive (adjective) سزا سے متعلق، عذابی، تعزیری

inflicting or intended as punishment.
Example: “he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”
Synonyms: penal, disciplinary, corrective, correctional, retributive, in retaliation, in reprisal, penitentiary
Antonyms: rehabilitative, inculpatory, unjust, impenitent

Impetus (noun) قوت، بہاﺅ، تحریک

the force or energy with which a body moves.
Example: “hit the booster coil before the flywheel loses all its impetus”
Synonyms: momentum, propulsion, impulsion, impelling force, motive force, driving force
Antonyms: block., discouragement, check

Glean (verb) چننا، فصل کاٹنا، کاشت کرنا

obtain (information) from various sources, often with difficulty.
Example: “the information is gleaned from press cuttings”
Synonyms: obtain, get, take, draw, derive, extract, cull, garner, gather, reap

Espouse (verb) انتخاب کرنا

adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life).
Example: “she espoused the causes of justice and freedom for all”
Synonyms: adopt, embrace, take up, take to, take to one’s heart, accept, welcome, support
Antonyms: reject, oppose

Lethal (adjective) مہلک، جان لیوا

sufficient to cause death.
Example: “a lethal cocktail of drink and pills”
Synonyms: fatal, deadly, mortal, causing death, death-dealing, life-threatening, murderous, homicidal
Antonyms: harmless, safe

Oppressive (adjective) بھاری، جابرانہ

inflicting harsh and authoritarian treatment.
Example: “an oppressive dictatorship”
Synonyms: harsh, cruel, brutal, repressive, crushing, tyrannical, tyrannous, iron-fisted, domineering
Antonyms: lenient, humane

Tyrannical (adjective) آمرانہ، ظالمانہ

exercising power in a cruel or arbitrary way.
Example: “a tyrannical government”
Synonyms: dictatorial, despotic, autocratic, oppressive, repressive, fascistic, tyrannous, absolute
Antonyms: democratic, liberal, easy-going

Scathing (adjective) سخت تنقید ، سخت اذیت ناک

witheringly scornful; severely critical.
Example: “she launched a scathing attack on the Prime Minister”
Synonyms: devastating, withering, blistering, extremely critical, coruscating, searing, scorching
Antonyms: mild, gentle, complimentary

Meticulous (adjective) باریک بین، محتاط

showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise.
Example: “the designs are hand-glazed with meticulous care”
Synonyms: careful, conscientious, diligent, ultra-careful, scrupulous, punctilious, painstaking, demanding
Antonyms: careless, sloppy, slapdash

Fallacious (adjective) فریبی، دھوکہ، جھوٹا، غلطی پر

based on a mistaken belief.
Example: “fallacious arguments”
Synonyms: erroneous, false, untrue, wrong, incorrect, faulty, flawed, inaccurate, inexact
Antonyms: true, correct

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Shahzad F. Malik

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