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October 2018

Day by Day Current Affairs (October 07, 2018) | MCQs for CSS, PMS, NTS

Written by Shahzad F. Malik

 October 07, 2018: National Current Affairs

1. In a first, CNG price crosses Rs100/kg mark

  • CNG price on October 6, 2018 crossed the Rs100 per kg mark for the first time in the country`s history after the government hiked it by 40 per cent from Rs700 MMBTU to Rs980 per MMBTU.
  • Station owners in Karachi are now charging Rs103-104 per kg and Rs100-101 per kg in other parts of Sindh as against the previous Rs81.70 per kg.
  • When CNG was sold at Rs81.70 per kg and petrol was priced Rs93.30 per litre the saving on running a vehicle on gas was 40pc, but it has now fallen to 20-25pc after the recent price hike.

2. Snow leopard faces extinction in Pakistan, warn experts

  • Wildlife experts have expressed concern over an alarming decline in the population of snow leopards in Pakistan, citing climate change and lack of eco-friendly tourism as the leading factors behind threats to the species.
  • Climate change was the biggest threat to survival of snow leopards and other rare species in the northern areas.
  • Due to climate change snow-covered areas that served as habitat to the species were rapidly decreasing.
  • Snow leopard was considered as the most beautiful species among wildcats.
  • There are only 11 countries in the world other than Pakistan where snow leopards are found.
  • At present, between 4,500 and 7,500 snow leopards exist across the world and in Pakistan, according to previous estimates, between 320 and 400 snow leopards were found in the Karakoram, Himalayas and Hindukush.

3. PIA to induct two new aircraft in its fleet

  • PIA has decided to induct two new aircraft in its fleet in first quarter of 2019. The A320 aircraft already under the evaluation phase will be acquired on dry lease strictly in accordance with PPRA Rules,
  • The decision was taken in an executive meeting chaired by Chairman & CEO Muhammad Saqib Aziz.
  • These aircraft will mainly be used on domestic and regional routes including Gulf and South East Asian Region

October 7, 2018: International Current Affairs

4. Afghan forces kill 57 militants

  • The Afghan security forces have eliminated a total of 57 insurgents across the country as part of their ground operations and air raids over the past 24 hours.
  • The operations had been carried out across at least 15 provinces. Another eight insurgents sustained injuries as a result of the raids, the outlet added. The Afghan military also destroyed the insurgents’ weapons and hideouts in the western Afghan province of Farah during airstrikes.
  • For decades, Kabul has been fighting numerous terrorist groups launching attacks in the country. The Taliban movement has been one of the major forces opposing the government, as its militants managed to gain control over the country in 1996 before being overthrown in 2001. In 2015, the notorious Islamic State terrorist group (banned in Russia) started operating in the country as well. The Afghan military have been carrying out regular anti-terrorist raids.

5. US has failed to achieve its goals in Afghanistan: survey

  • More Americans are now saying that despite 17 years of war, the United States has failed to achieve its goals in Afghanistan, says a survey released on October 6, 2018.
  • The Pew Research Centre, Washington, which conducted the survey from Sept 18-24, found that about half of American adults (49 per cent) believe the United States has mostly failed to achieve its goals in Afghanistan.
  • About a third (35pc) say Washington has mostly while another 16pc say they do not know if the US has succeeded or failed.
  • Between 2009 and 2011, when asked whether the US will succeed or fail to achieve its goals, majority said the US would be successful. But in 2014 and 2015, opinions about the mission were similarly more negative than positive.
  • In this month`s survey, Republicans appear more optimistic than Democrats that the US mission in Afghanistan has succeeded in achieving its goals, according to the new survey. About half of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents (48pc) say the US has succeeded, compared with about three-in ten Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents (28pc).

6. S Arabia backs down from blocking UN climate report

  • Oil giant Saudi Arabia backed down at the last minute October 6, 2018 from obstructing the adoption of a major report by the UN’s climate science panel.
  • With the threat removed, the meeting of the 195-nation panel in Incheon, South Korea – deep into overtime – swiftly approved the report on how to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), and what a 1.5C world might look like.
  • The Saudis had objected to the inclusion of a passage emphasising the need for sharp reductions in the use of fossil fuels – Saudi Arabia’s main export.
  • The 500-page report – based on 6,000 peer reviewed studies – under review at the meeting of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a collaborative effort of the world’s top climate scientists.
  • Under the IPCC’s consensus rules, all countries must sign off on the language of a 20-page Summary for Policymakers, designed to provide leaders with objective, science-based information.
  • After six hours of fruitless negotiations Saturday morning, the chair of the IPPC meeting adjourned the plenary around midday, warning: “The report hangs in the balance.”

7. Israel reduces Gaza fishing zone in reprisal for protests

  • Israel`s defence minister on October 6, 2018 ordered a reduction of the fishing zone along the Gaza Strip`s coastline, in retaliation for clashes along the border fence with the Palestinian enclave.
  • The fishing zone will be reduced to six nautical miles (11 kilometres) from nine nautical miles, a statement by Avigdor Lieberman`s office said.
  • Restrictions on the extent of fishing zones along the Gaza shoreline form part of Israel`s economic blockade of the Strip, which has been in place for more than a decade.
  • Under the Oslo Accords of the early 1990s, fishermen are supposed to be allowed to operate up to 20 nautical miles of f the coast.
  • Lieberman decided to reduce the fishing zone after violent incidents on Friday along the
  • border between Israel and Gaza, the defence ministry statement said.
  • Three Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire during protests along the border fence on Friday, while 376 were wounded, including 126 with bullet wounds, Gaza`s health ministry said

8. US Senate confirms Kavanaugh to SC after divisive fight

  • The US Senate confirmed President Donald Trump`s Supreme Court pick Brett Kavanaugh on October 7, 2018 in the closest such vote in more than a century, amid controversy over sexual abuse allegations against him.
  • The Senate voted 50-48 to approve Kavanaugh as more than 1,000 protesters rallied in Washington against a nominee who had to overcome questions over his candor, partisan rhetoric and lifestyle as a young man.
  • The months-long battle over the nomination has roiled American passions the vote was disrupted on several occasions by angry protests in the gallery but handed Trump one of the biggest victories of his presidency.
  • It drew the line under a bruising nomination process defined by harrowing testimony from a woman who says Kavanaugh tried to rape her when they were teenagers and by his fiery rebuttal.
  • The two-vote margin of victory made it the closest confirmation vote since 1881, when Stanley Matthews, President James Garfield`s pick, sealed a 24 to 23 win.

9. Latvia votes as pro-Russian, populist parties eye power

  • Latvians voted on October 6, 2018 in a general election expected to yield a ruling coalition of pro-Kremlin and populist parties and tarnished by a hacker attack on a popular social network.
  • Hackers targeted the network, second in popularity only to Facebook in the Baldcstate, with a pro-Russian message.
  • `Comrades Latvians, this concerns you. The borders of Russia have no end,` it said in Russian, followed by images of unmarked Russian soldiers in green uniforms annexing Crimea, Russian tanks parading in Moscow and a smirking Vladimir Putin.
  • Polls have suggested the governing centre-right coalition has lost ground despite righting the economy after the 2008 financial crisis.
  • After casting his ballot, President Raimonds Vejonis called on fellow Latvians to come to the polls, pointing to the Brexit vote as an example of what might happen if they didn`t.

October 7, 2018: Sports Current Affairs

10. Cricket World Cup trophy displayed in Islamabad

  • Scores of people had a glimpse of the Cricket World Cup 2019 trophy as the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) displayed it at Faisal Mosque and Daman-i-Koh on October 6, 2018.
  • The Garrard-made trophy after its display in Lahore reached Rawalpindi on October 5, 2018 for a two-day display in the twin cities.
  • After a photo-shoot and display in Murree, the trophy was brought to Faisal Mosque on October 6, 2018 where it was put up for public viewing.
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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad Faisal Malik is the administrator of and is responsible for managing the content, design, and overall direction of the blog. He has a strong background in Competitive Exams and is passionate and sharing information with others.
Shahzad Faisal Malik has worked as a Graphic Designer/Content Creator at CSSTimes in the past. In his free time, Shahzad Faisal Malik enjoys watching Cricket, writing blogs for different websites and is always on the lookout for new and interesting content to share with the readers of this website.
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