International Relations MCQs

International Relations MCQs | Contemporary Issues

International Relations MCQs | Contemporary Issues
Written by CSS Times

The 6th Joint Military Training Exercise “Ekuverin-VI” was held between which of the countries?
(a) Pakistan and China
(b) India and Maldives
(c) USA and Israel
(d) Russia and India
Answer: (b)

Explanation: The 6th Joint Military Training Exercise “EXERCISE EKUVERIN – VI” was conducted between the Indian Army and the Maldives National Defence Forces at Pangode Military Station, Trivandrum, Kerala from August 31 to September 13, 2015.

The largest island in Indian Ocean is:
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Sumatra
(c) Madagascar
(d) None
Answer: (c)

Explanation: Madagascar lies in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa opposite Mozambique. The largest island in Indian Ocean and world’s fourth-largest island, it is twice the size of Arizona. The country’s low-lying coastal area gives way to a central plateau. The once densely wooded interior has largely been cut down.
President: Hery Rajaonarimampianina (2014)
Prime Minister: Olivier Solonandrasana (2016)
Land area: 224,533 sq mi (581,540 sq km); total area: 226,656 sq mi (587,040 sq km)
Population (2016 est.): 25,367,712

Which of these countries did not attack Israel in 1948?
(a) Syria (b) Egypt
(c) Iraq (d) Lebanon
(e) Saudi Arabia
Answer: (e)

During the 1948-1949 war, approximately _____ Palestinian Arabs fled from Israel to neighboring Arab countries.
(a) 100,000 (b) 300,000
(c) 600,000 (d) 800,000
(e) 1,200,000
Answer: (d)

The Camp David Accords:
(a) Were negotiated after the first Palestinian intifada
(b) Allowed Egypt to re-open the eastern portion of the Suez Canal
(c) Stated Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt would recognize Israel as a sovereign nation
(d) Gave transplanted Palestinians the right of return to Israel
(e) Returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt
Answer: (e)

Israel’s official capital is:
(a) Jerusalem (b) Jaffa
(c) Tel Aviv (d) Bethlehem
(e) Haifa
Answer: (a)

Which country has the largest number of Palestinians living outside Israel and the Occupied Territories?
(a) United States
(b) Syria
(c) Jordan
(d) Lebanon
(e) United Kingdom
Answer: (c)

Which of these is not a major part of the Israeli economy?
(a) High-technology equipment
(b) Cut diamonds
(c) Revenue from oil shipped through its pipelines
(d) Citrus fruits and other agricultural exports
(e) Financial assistance from the United States
Answer: (c)

The main source for Israel’s National Water Carrier is:
(a) The Dead Sea
(b) The Red-Dead Canal
(c) The West Bank aquifer
(d) Lake Kinneret
(e) The Yarmuk River
Answer: (d)

Which Egyptian president signed the 1979 peace treaty with Israel?
(a) Hosni Mubarak
(b) Anwar Sadat
(c) Gamal Abdel Nasser
(d) Ahmad Fouad
(e) None of the above
Answer: (b)

For most of the last two decades, which country has been the second-largest recipient of U.S. foreign aid?
(a) Israel (b) Saudi Arabia
(c) Iraq (d) Jordan
(e) Egypt
Answer: (e)

Which Israeli prime minister had the historic handshake with Yasser Arafat in 1993?
(a) Binyamin Netanyahu
(b) Ariel Sharon
(c) Ehud Barak
(d) Yitzhak Rabin
(e) Shimon Peres
Answer: (d)

The Oslo I Accords:
(a) Transferred 13 percent of the West Bank to Palestinian control
(b) Allowed the Palestinians to form their own government, the Palestinian Authority
(c) Superceded an earlier agreement that set a timetable for independence for Palestinians
(d) Enabled Israel to construct a security fence around Palestinian areas
(e) Officially disbanded the PLO in favor of a democratic Palestinian government
Answer: (b)

Palestinians achieved self-rule over 30 percent of the West Bank with the signing of what agreement?
(a) The Wye Agreement
(b) The Oslo I Accords
(c) The Oslo II Accords
(d) The Gaza-Jericho Accord
(e) The Camp David Accords
Answer: (c)

What was the “deal breaker” for the Palestinians during the 2000 peace negotiations?
(a) Israel’s continued ownership of the land the Temple Mount/al-Haraam ash-Sharif lies on
(b) Israel’s reluctance to withdraw troops and settlements from the West Bank and Gaza
(c) How to divide the historic quarters of Old Jerusalem between the Israelis and the Palestinians
(d) The Palestinians’ insistence that all Palestinians be granted the right of return to within Israel’s current borders
(e) The election of Ariel Sharon as prime minister of Israel, with whom the Palestinians would not negotiate
Answer: (a)

The “Green Line” is the:
(a) Boundary Israel wants between the Golan Heights and Syria
(b) Path of the Israeli security fence through Jerusalem
(c) Boundary between Israeli-controlled and Palestinian-controlled land in the West Bank
(d) Safe-passage route between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
(e) 1967 border between Israel and the West Bank
Answer: (e)

Which of the following cities is not located on the Mediterranean Sea?
(a) Algiers (b) Tunis
(c) Tripoli (d) Cairo
(e) Tel Aviv
Answer: (d)

The Egyptian city that is part of the “Red Sea Riviera” is:
(a) Cairo
(b) Port Said
(c) Sharm el-Sheikh
(d) Taba
(e) Suez
Answer: (d)

Darfur is located in _____ Sudan.
(a) Northern
(b) Eastern
(c) Southern
(d) Western
Answer: (d)

American warplanes bombed which capital city in 1986?
(a) Baghdad
(b) Tehran
(c) Damascus
(d) Tripoli
(e) Kabul
Answer: (d)

Berbers are most numerous in which countries?
(a) Algeria and Libya
(b) Egypt and Libya
(c) Algeria and Tunisia
(d) Egypt and Algeria
(e) Morocco and Algeria
Answer: (e)

Which country achieved independence in 1962 after a bitter eight-year-long war?
(a) Libya
(b) Morocco
(c) Yemen
(d) Sudan
(e) Algeria
Answer: (e)

Which of these Middle Eastern events did not occur in 1979?
(a) Mauritania withdraws from Western Sahara
(b) The Iranian Revolution
(c) The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
(d) Israel returns the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt
(e) The PLO relocates to Lebanon
Answer: (e)

Pakistan and US navies recently conducted joint exercises in the Arabian Sea by the name of
(a) Optimum Impact
(b) Divers Move
(c) Inspired Union
(d) None of these
Answer: (c)

Explanation: “Inspired Union-2005.” It was a combination of inspired siren and inspired response, two bilateral exercises conducted annually between US and Pakistan Navy force. The exercise focused on training in anti-submarine warfare, surface warfare, mine counter measures, air defense, electronic warfare, replenishment at sea and command and control. Two US navy frigates, a submarine and several air assets participated in the exercise in addition to Pakistani navy ships, submarines, special services units and aircraft.

Where are the headquarters of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)?
(a) Ebene, Mauritius
(b) Colombo, Sri Lanka
(c) Moroni, Comoros
(d) Dhaka, Bangladesh
Answer: ((a)

The United States signed Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement with which country on 28 April 2014, which would give American forces temporary access to selected military camps and allow them to preposition fighter jets and ships?
(a) Indonesia
(b) The Philippines
(c) Malaysia
(d) None of these
Answer: (b)

Explanation: This agreement is for 10-year period and was signed at the Department of Defense in the Philippine capital, Manila, shortly before the arrival of President Barack Obama

The Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean located between which two countries?
(a) Mozambique and Mauritius
(b) Mauritius and Comoros
(c) Comoros and Seychelles
(d) Madagascar and Mozambique
Answer: (a)

Which is the deepest ocean in the world?
(a) Arctic
(b) Atlantic
(c) Pacific
(d) None of these
Answer: (c)

Explanation: The Pacific Ocean encompasses approximately one-third of the Earth’s surface, having an area of 165.2 million square kilometres (64.1 million square miles) —significantly larger than Earth’s entire landmass, with room for another Africa to spare.

The largest island in Indian Ocean is:
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Sumatra
(c) Madagascar
(d) None
Answer: (c)

Explanation: Madagascar lies in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa opposite Mozambique. The largest island in Indian Ocean and world’s fourth-largest island, it is twice the size of Arizona.

The United Nations Security Council has recently adopted a unanimous resolution to resolve the political and security crisis in
(a) Syria
(b) Iraq
(c) Yemen
(d) Turkey
Answer: (c)

What is the code name of the military operation in Yemen against Houthi group?
(a) Operation Destruction Storm
(b) Operation Decisive Storm
(c) Operation All Out
(d) Operation Die Hard
Answer: (b)

Tunisia’s President Moncef Marzouki on 6 March 2014 lifted the state of emergency that has been in place since the outbreak of a popular revolution. When was the emergency imposed in the country?
(a) January 2010
(b) January 2011
(c) January 2012
(d) None of these
Answer: (c)

Explanation: The state of emergency was imposed by long-time President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, and was maintained after he was overthrown. At the start it included a curfew and a ban on meetings of more than three people, but it has been relaxed over-time. However it has continued to give the military and police special powers to intervene in unrest or security threats

Suez Canal was constructed in?
(a).April 1859
(b).November 1869
(c).June 1897
(d).None of these
Answer: (b)

Explanation: The Suez Canal located in Egypt After several enlargements, the canal is 193.30 km (120.11mi), 24 m (79 ft) deep and 205 metres (673 ft) wide as of 2017, long that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez, a northern branch of the Red Sea. It officially opened in November 1869. The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Egypt. Current Chairmen of the Suez Canal

Who among the following is often called Warren Buffet of Arabia?
(a) Prince Alwaleed bin Talal
(b) Mohammed Al Amoudi
(c) Iskander Makhmudov
(d) Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber
Answer: (a)

Explanation: Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Prince Alwaleed bin Talal is a Saudi business magnate and investor. In 2005 he was worth $10 billion and earned the nickname “Buffett of Arabia” after American business magnate Warren Buffett.

British government sold Kashmir to Gulab Singh in
(a) 1846
(b) 1845
(c) 1843
(d) None of these
Answer: (a)

Explanation: Maharaja Gulab Singh (1792–1857) was the founder and first Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, the second largest princely state in British India. After the defeat of the Sikhs in the First Anglo-Sikh War, Gulab Singh, who served as Prime Minister of the Sikhs, received from the British all the lands in Kashmir that were ceded to them by the Sikhs by the Treaty of Lahore 1846 to Gulab Singh for Nanakshahi (official monetary unit of Sikh Empire). 7,500,000The Treaty of Lahore of March 9, 1846, was a peace treaty marking the end of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The Treaty was concluded, for the British, by the Governor-General Sir Henry Hardinge and two officers of the East India Company and, for the Sikhs, by the seven year old Maharaja Duleep Singh Bahadur and seven members of the Lahore Durbar acting on his behalf.

India has constructed “Baglihar Dam” in occupied Kashmir`s district of:
(d).None of these
Answer: (b)

The main course of the Arab-Israeli conflicts from 1948 to 1973 was the clash between
(a) Islamic Fundamentalism and Orthodox Judaism
(b) Arab socialism and Israeli capitalism
(c) Arab nationalism and Jewish nationalism
(d) Israeli technology and Saudi Arabian economic goals
Answer: (c)

Explanation: The Arab-Israeli conflict stems from the division of Palestine by the United Nations in 1947. Separate Jewish and Arab states were created. The Jews accepted this plan, while the Arabs did not. Shortly after, the Jews created the state of Israel, which caused all of the neighboring Arab nations to attack. There has been nearly constant warfare in this region since the creation of Israel.

In 1979, the signing of the Camp David Accords by Egypt and Israel indicated that
(a) Nationalism was no longer a force in Middle Eastern politics
(b) The differences between Shi’ite and Sunni Moslems had been settled
(c) Former enemies were able to negotiate
(d) The Soviet Union dominated Middle Eastern affairs
Answer: (c)

Explanation: The Camp David Accords was the first peace treaty ever signed by Israel and an Arab nation. It ended the state of war between Israel and Egypt.

As a peace process continues in the Middle East, a major stumbling block to a settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict is the question of
(a) Ownership and operation of the Suez Canal
(b) Control of the Arabian Peninsula
(c) Representation of Palestinian Arabs and Israelis
(d) Land and civil rights for Palestinian Arabs
Answer: (d)

In the 1990’s, the action by the Israeli Government that has most divided Israeli society has been the decision to
(a) Grant control of part of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Palestinians
(b) Support the United States—led Allied Coalition during the Persian Gulf War
(c) Support the Camp David accords
(d) Oppose Islamic fundamentalist rule in Iran
Answer: (a)

Explanation: In the 1990’s, Israel has slowly granted the Palestinians more land and self-rule as a step in the peace making process. This has caused discontent among many Israelis.

Who were David Ben-Gurion, Golda Meir, and Menachem Begin?
(a) Leaders of the modern state of Israel
(b) Scientist who developed better methods of discovering oil
(c) Clergy who supported Islamic Fundamentalism
(d) Egyptian presidents who encouraged peace with Israel
Answer: (a)

Explanation: All three people were Prime Minister of Israel at one time

“Hamas” was founded in 1987 by:
(a).Yasser Arfat
(b).Ismail Haniye
(c) Khalid Meshaal
(d) None of these
Answer: (d)

Explanation: Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Hassan Yassin (1937 – 22 March 2004) was a founder of Hamas, an Palestinian paramilitary organization and political party.Yassin also served as the spiritual leader of the organization. Hamas gained popularity in Palestinian society by establishing hospitals, education systems, libraries and other services Yassin, a quadriplegic who was nearly blind, had used a wheelchair since a sporting accident at the age of 12. He was assassinated when an Israeli helicopter gunship fired a missile at him as he was being wheeled from early morning prayers. His killing, in an attack that claimed the lives of both his bodyguards and nine bystanders, precipitated both criticism and praise of Israel, and many observers suggested that the act would negatively impact the peace process. 200,000 Palestinians attended his funeral procession

Who has been named as the Time magazine’s Person of the Year 2016?
(a) Donald Trump
(b) Mark Zuckerberg
(c) Narendra Modi
(d) Hillary Clinton
Answer: (a)

What was the theme of 2016 Heart of Asia (HoA) ministerial conference?
(a) Addressing challenges, achieving prosperity
(b) E-connectivity for prosperity
(c) Peace: Priority for all
(d) Connect world with harmony
Answer: (a)

“2016 Raad ul Barq” military exercise has been conducted by which country?
(a) Afghanistan
(b) India
(c) Iran
(d) Pakistan
Answer: (d)

Explanation: The comprehensive joint exercise “2016 Raad ul Barq – Strike of thunder” has been conducted by Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force in Khairpur Tamewali firing range of Cholistan desert, near Indo-Pak border, to showcase the combat readiness of the country’s defence line with live firepower demonstration using heavy artillery fighter jets and air defence weapons.

Identify the Russia’s Ambassador to Turkey who was recently assassinated at an Ankara art exhibit
(a) Georgy Zarubin
(b) Andrey Karlov
(c) Yuri Ryzhov
(d) Mevlut Mert Altintas
Answer: (b)

Explanation: Veteran diplomat Andrei Karlov was shot nine times in the back by off-duty Turkish policeman Mevlut Mert Altintas at the opening of an exhibition of Russian photography on December 19, 2016 The brazen killing stunned Ankara and Moscow, which have rowed repeatedly over the Syria conflict but in recent weeks have begun cooperating closely on the evacuations from war-wrecked Aleppo. The killing came after days of protests in Turkey over Russia’s role in Syria, although Moscow and Ankara are now working closely together to evacuate citizens from the battered city of Aleppo. Turkey and Russia stand on opposite sides of the conflict, with Ankara backing rebels trying to topple Moscow’s ally President Bashar al-Assad.

Indo-China joint military exercise “Hand-in-Hand 2016” has started in which state?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Odisha Maharashtra
Answer: (b)

Explanation: The 6th edition of India-China Joint Military Training Exercise “Hand-in-Hand 2016” has started at the parade ground in Aundh Military Camp in Pune, Maharashtra from November 15 and will continue till November 27. The purpose of the joint exercise is to share the expertise in drills and practices while tackling insurgency and terrorism and also to promote healthy military to military relations between the Indian Army and the People’s Liberation Army of China.

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