Daily Dawn Vocabulary English Grammar English Notes

50 Important DAWN Vocabulary Word’s List (May 2020)

50 Important DAWN Vocabulary Word's List (May 2020)
CSS Times
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Every aspirant knows the importance of English language and vocabulary. In order to facilitate the aspirants, we are sharing some most important Words list from Daily Dawn’s May 2020 issues. The vocabulary will include the words from dawn newspaper along with their meanings which will save a lot of time of the aspirants.
So, keep in touch with CSS Times for daily vocabulary from dawn.

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50 Important DAWN Vocabulary Word’s List
(May 2020)


Unravel (verb) عقدہ حل کرنا، سلجھانا

investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling).
Example: “they were attempting to unravel the cause of death”
Synonyms: solve, resolve, work out, clear up, puzzle out, find an answer to, get to the bottom of.
Antonyms: complicate

Awais Aftab Butt


Erstwhile (adjective) پرانا، اس سے پہلے، سابقہ

former.
Example: “the erstwhile president of the company”
Synonyms: former, old, past, one-time, sometime, as was, ex-, late, then, previous.
Antonyms: present, future


Pristine (adjective) قدیم، اصلی، پرانا،

in its original condition; unspoilt.
Example: “pristine copies of an early magazine”
Synonyms: immaculate, in perfect condition, perfect, in mint condition, as new, unspoiled, spotless.
Antonyms: dirty, sullied


Insidious (adjective) پرکشش لیکن نقصان دہ، عیار، دھوکہ دینے والا

proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects.
Example: “sexual harassment is a serious and insidious problem”
Synonyms: stealthy, subtle, surreptitious, sneaking, cunning, crafty, Machiavellian, artful
Antonyms: straightforward


Brazen (adjective) ڈٹ کر سامنا کرنا، ڈھٹائی، بے حیا

bold and without shame.
Example: “he went about his illegal business with a brazen assurance”
Synonyms: bold, shameless, as bold as brass, brazen-faced, forward, presumptuous, brash.
Antonyms: timid, shy


Contingent (adjective) ٹکڑی، عارضی، جنگی دستہ

subject to chance.
Example: “the contingent nature of the job”
Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous, possible, unforeseen, unforeseeable, unexpected
Antonyms: predictable


Equivocation (noun) ٹال مٹول، گول مول بات کرنا

the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself; prevarication.
Example: “I say this without equivocation”
Synonyms: prevarication, vagueness, qualification, ambiguity, uncertainty, ambivalence, indecision
Antonyms: directness


Succumb (verb) شکار ہونا ، ہار ماننا، مجبوراً ہار تسلیم کرنا

fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.
Example: “we cannot merely give up and succumb to despair”
Synonyms: yield, give in, give way, submit, surrender, capitulate, cave in, be overcome by
Antonyms: resist, conquer


Grim (adjective) سخت، شدید، سنگین، ڈراﺅنا

very serious or gloomy.
Example: “his grim expression”
Synonyms: stern, forbidding, uninviting, unapproachable, aloof, distant, formidable, strict, dour
Antonyms: amiable, pleasant


Ghastly (adjective) بھیانک، وحشت ناک، خوفناک

causing great horror or fear.
Example: “one of the most ghastly crimes ever committed”
Synonyms: terrible, frightful, horrible, grim, awful, dire, frightening, terrifying, horrifying
Antonyms: pleasant, trivial, excusable


Enact (verb) فرمان جاری کرنا، قانون وضع کرنا

make (a bill or other proposal) law.
Example: “legislation was enacted to attract international companies”
Synonyms: make law, pass, approve, ratify, validate, sanction, authorize, accept
Antonyms: repeal


Suppression (noun) روک، پابندی، دبا دینا

the action of suppressing something such as an activity or publication.
Example: “the heavy-handed suppression of political dissent”
Synonyms: subduing, defeat, conquering, vanquishing, repression, crushing, quelling, quashing
Antonyms: incitement, encouragement, publication, disclosure


Mull (verb) غور کرنا، تدبر کرنا

think about (a fact, proposal, or request) deeply and at length.
Example: “she began to mull over the various possibilities”
Synonyms: ponder, consider, think over/about, reflect on, contemplate, deliberate, turn over in one’s mind.
Antonyms: forget, ignore, neglect, advance


Repercussion (noun) برگشت، دھکیل، واپس پلٹنا

an unintended consequence of an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.
Example: “the move would have grave repercussions for the entire region”
Synonyms: consequence, result, effect, outcome, by-product, reverberation, backlash
Antonyms: impact, stroke, shock, collision


Sheer (adjective) بالکل، سراسر

nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis).
Example: “she giggled with sheer delight”
Synonyms: utter, complete, absolute, total, pure, perfect, downright, out-and-out, thorough.
Antonyms: gradual


Yield (verb) منافع، پیداوار، فصل دینا

produce or provide (a natural, agricultural, or industrial product).
Example: `”the land yields grapes and tobacco”
Synonyms: surrender, capitulate, submit, relent, admit defeat, accept defeat, concede defeat.
Antonyms: resist, defy


Imperative (adjective) لازمی، اشد ضروری، آمرانہ

of vital importance; crucial.
Example: “immediate action was imperative”
Synonyms: vitally important, of vital importance, all-important, vital, crucial, critical, essential, of the essence.
Antonyms: unimportant, optional


Eschew (verb) باز رہنا، ترک کرنا

deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
Example: “he appealed to the crowd to eschew violence”
Synonyms: abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, forswear, shun, renounce, swear off.
Antonyms: indulge in


Partisan (noun) طرفدار، سخت گیر، کٹر

a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person.
Example: “partisans of the exiled Stuarts”
Synonyms: supporter, follower, adherent, devotee, champion, backer, upholder, promoter.
Antonyms: impartial, unbiased


Buoy (verb) چھالنا، مدد کرنا، ہمت بڑھانا، تیرنا

make (someone) cheerful and confident.
Example: “she was buoyed up by his praise”
Synonyms: cheer, cheer up, brighten up, ginger up, hearten, rally, animate, invigorate.
Antonyms: depress


Divisive (adjective) اختلاف رائے، باعث تقسیم

tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people.
Example: “the highly divisive issue of abortion”
Synonyms: alienating, estranging, isolating, schismatic, discordant, disharmonious, inharmonious.
Antonyms: unifying


Scourge (noun) کوڑے مارنا، سزا دینا

Example: a whip used as an instrument of punishment
Synonyms: whip, horsewhip, lash, strap, birch, switch, flail, bullwhip, rawhide.
Antonyms: blessing, godsend


Acrimony (noun) تیز مزاجی، تیزی

bitterness or ill feeling.
Example: “the AGM dissolved into acrimony”
Synonyms: bitterness, rancour, resentment, ill feeling, ill will, bad blood, animosity, hostility.
Antonyms: goodwill


Abysmal (adjective) گہرا، انتہائی پست، خراب، بہت برا، ناگوار

extremely bad; appalling.
Example: “the quality of her work is abysmal”
Synonyms: very bad, dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious, disgraceful, deplorable.
Antonyms: superb


Stark (adjective) کھلا، واضح، سخت ،محض، مضبوط

severe or bare in appearance or outline.
Example: “the ridge formed a stark silhouette against the sky”
Synonyms: sharply delineated, sharp, sharply defined, well focused, crisp, distinct, obvious, evident.
Antonyms: fuzzy, indistinct, pleasant, comfortable


Scathing (adjective) سخت تنقید کا نشانہ بنانا، نقصان دہ

witheringly scornful; severely critical.
Example: “she launched a scathing attack on the Prime Minister”
Synonyms: devastating, withering, blistering, extremely critical, coruscating, searing, scorching.
Antonyms: mild, gentle, complimentary


Simultaneous (adjective) بیک وقت، ایک ساتھ، ایک ہی وقت میں

occurring, operating, or done at the same time.
Example: “a simultaneous withdrawal of troops”
Synonyms: concurrent, happening at the same time, done at the same time, contemporaneous, concomitant.
Antonyms: asynchronous


Peril (noun) خطرہ، ڈر

serious and immediate danger.
Example: “you could well place us both in peril”
Synonyms: danger, jeopardy, risk, riskiness, hazard, insecurity, uncertainty, menace.
Antonyms: safety, security


Dampen (verb) قابو کرنا ، گیلا کرنا، مبہم کرنا

make slightly wet.
Example: “the fine rain dampened her face”
Synonyms: moisten, damp, wet, dew, water, irrigate, humidify, bedew, sparge
Antonyms: dry, drench


Hidebound (adjective) روایت پسند، تنگ نظر، چپٹی ہوئی کھال

unwilling or unable to change because of tradition or convention.
Example: “they are working to change hidebound corporate cultures”
Synonyms: conservative, reactionary, conventional, orthodox, fundamentalist, diehard, hard-line, dyed-in-the-wool
Antonyms: liberal, broad-minded


Attainment (noun) حصول، ہنر

the action or fact of achieving a goal towards which one has worked.
Example: “the attainment of corporate aims”
Synonyms: achievement, accomplishment, realization, realizing, fulfilment, fulfilling, effecting.
Antonyms: naught. (also nought), nonfulfillment


Myriad (noun) بے شمار، بہت زیادہ جو گننا مشکل ہو

a countless or extremely great number of people or things.
Example: “myriads of insects danced around the light above my head”
Synonyms: multitude, a large/great number/quantity, a lot, scores, quantities, mass, crowd.
Antonyms: calculable. countless, infinite, innumerable


Enshrine (verb) متبرک سمجھ کر محفوظ کرنا، احاطہ کرنا

place (a revered or precious object) in an appropriate receptacle.
Example: “relics are enshrined under altars”
Synonyms: set down, set out, spell out, express, lay down, set in stone, embody, realize
Antonyms: expose, desecrate, forget


Obstacle (noun) رکاوٹ

a thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress.
Example: “the major obstacle to achieving that goal is money”
Synonyms: barrier, hurdle, stumbling block, bar, block, impediment, hindrance, snag.
Antonyms: advantage, asset, aid


Oppression (noun) جبر، ظلم و ستم

prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or exercise of authority.
Example: “a region shattered by oppression and killing”
Synonyms: persecution, abuse, maltreatment, ill treatment, tyranny, despotism, repression,
Antonyms: freedom, democracy


Resentment (noun) تعصب، حسد، ناراضگی، برا ماننا

bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.
Example: “his resentment at being demoted”
Synonyms: bitterness, indignation, irritation, pique, displeasure, dissatisfaction, disgruntlement
Antonyms: contentment, happiness


Resurrect (verb) دوبارہ زندہ ہونا

restore (a dead person) to life.
Example: “he queried whether Jesus was indeed resurrected”
Synonyms: raise from the dead, restore to life, bring back to life, revive
Antonyms: extinguish, kill, quench, suppress


Disarray (noun) ذہنی الجھاﺅ، تذبذب،برہنگی

a state of disorganization or untidiness.
Example: “her grey hair was in disarray”
Synonyms: disorder, confusion, chaos, untidiness, dishevelment, mess, muddle, clutter, jumble
Antonyms: tidiness, orderliness


Hazardous (adjective) پر خطر، خطرناک، ڈر

risky; dangerous.
Example: “we work in hazardous conditions”
Synonyms: dangerous, risky, unsafe, perilous, precarious, insecure, tricky, unpredictable, uncertain
Antonyms: safe, secure, certain


Persuade (verb) قائل کرنا، راغب کرنا، اکسانا

induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
Example: “it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing”
Synonyms: prevail on, talk someone into, coax, convince, make, get, press someone into, induce
Antonyms: dissuade, discourage, deter


Diminish (verb) کم کرنا، گھٹانا

make or become less.
Example: “the new law is expected to diminish the government’s chances”
Synonyms: decrease, decline, reduce, lessen, shrink, contract, grow smaller, fall off, drop off
Antonyms: increase, flare up, get worse


Enthusiasm (noun) ولولہ، گرم جوشی، پرجوش

intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
Example: “her energy and enthusiasm for life”
Synonyms: eagerness, keenness, ardour, fervour, warmth, passion, zeal, zealousness
Antonyms: apathy


Sore (adjective) درد، زخم، حساس

(of a part of one’s body) painful or aching.
Example: “she had a sore throat”
Synonyms: painful, in pain, hurting, hurt, aching, throbbing, smarting, stinging, burning
Antonyms: healthy


Proscription (noun) ممنوع، حرام، ممنوعہ

the action of forbidding something; banning.
Example: “the proscription of the party after the 1715 Rebellion”
Synonyms: prohibition, prohibiting, forbidding, banning, ban, barring, bar, disallowing, ruling out
Antonyms: allowing


Violent (adjective) شدید، پرتشدد

using or involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.
Example: “a violent confrontation with riot police”
Synonyms: brutal, vicious, savage, harsh, rough, aggressive, bullying, threatening, terrorizing, fierce
Antonyms: gentle, weak


Disproportionate (adjective) ناموافق، غیر متناسب، بے اعتدال

too large or too small in comparison with something else.
Example: “people on lower incomes spend a disproportionate amount of their income on fuel”
Synonyms: out of proportion to, not in proportion to, not appropriate to, not commensurate with,
Antonyms: proportional


Exacerbate (verb) بگاڑنا، شدید تر کرنا،مرض میں شدت پیدا کرنا

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten,
Antonyms: calm, reduce


Hazardous (adjective) پر خطر، خطرناک

risky; dangerous.
Example: “we work in hazardous conditions”
Synonyms: dangerous, risky, unsafe, perilous, precarious, insecure, tricky, unpredictable, uncertain,
Antonyms: safe, secure, certain


Ambiguous (adjective) مشکوک، ابہام

open to more than one interpretation; not having one obvious meaning.
Example: “ambiguous phrases”
Synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate, open to argument, arguable, debatable, Delphic
Antonyms: unambiguous, clear


Urgency (noun) سخت اہمیت، فوری ضرورت، لاچاری

importance requiring swift action.
Example: “the discovery of the ozone hole gave urgency to the issue of CFCs”
Synonyms: importance, top priority, imperativeness, weight, weightiness, gravity, necessity
Antonyms: unimportant, insignificant, trifling, trivial


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