December 2022

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (Dec 28 2022) for CSS

6. 100m people forced to leave home in 2022: UN report

• At least one hundred million people up from some 90 million in 2021 were forced to leave their homes in 2022, says a UN end-of-the-year report with a warning that this `record should never have been set`.
• Outbreaks of violence, or protracted conflicts, were key migration factors in many parts of the world, including Ukraine, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Syria, and Myanmar, the report adds.
• The statistics do not include internal displacements caused by natural disasters. At least 30 million people were displaced in Pakistan alone when unprecedented rains led to a flood of biblical proportions in the summer of 2022. People who lose their homes in these disasters are not considered `refugees` and thus are not mentioned in such reports

7. UN urges countries to help Rohingya at sea as hundreds land in Indonesia

• The United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR)urged countries on December 27, 2022 to help Rohingya Muslims stranded at sea as at least 20 reportedly died and hundreds more landed in Indonesia after weeks adrift in the Indian Ocean.
• Nearly 500 Rohingya have reached Indonesia in the past six weeks while `many others did not act despite numerous pleas and appeals for help`, the UNHCR said in a statement.
• It said on Monday said 2022 could be one of the deadliest years at sea in almost a decade for the Rohingya with a growing number of them fleeing desperate conditions in refugee camps in Bangladesh. One boat carrying 180 people is believed to have sunk in early December, with all on board presumed dead, according to rights groups

8. Reporters win UK defamation case

• A UK high court has awarded legal costs and damages of around GBP 75,000 to two London-based journalists after settling a defamation case in their favour.
• The claimants had filed the lawsuit against two individuals and a law firm after they were accused of corruption, violence and hooliganism in a press release circulated via social media.
• The defamation suit was initiated in 2019 after solicitor Ajaz Ahmed, his firm Pure Legal Solicitors, and Raja Usman Arshad held a press conference in London relating to the murder of British national Barrister Fahad Malik, who was gunned down in Islamabad in 2016.
• Mr Arshad is the son of Raja Arshad, the main accused in the murder case

9. Russian ultimatum to Kyiv: concede or face `military wrath`

• The Russian foreign minister has given an ultimatum to Kyiv to accept Moscow`s demands for ending the war or else suffer defeat on the battlefield.
• Those demands include Ukraine recognising Russia`s conquest of a fifth of its territory.
• Kyiv, armed and supported by the United States and its NATO allies, has vowed to recover all occupied territory and to drive out all Russian soldiers.
• `Our proposals for the demilitarisation and denazification of the territories controlled by the regime, the elimination of threats to Russia`s security emanating from there, including our new lands, are well known to the enemy,` TASS news agency quoted Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov as saying late on Monday.

10. South Korea`s military apologises for not downing North`s drones

• South Korea`s military apologised on December 27, 2022 for failing to shoot down five North Korean drones that crossed their shared border after facing wide criticism over its lack of readiness.
• Monday`s incursion prompted Seoul to fire warning shots and deploy fighter jets and attack helicopters to shoot down the drones, one of which flew close to the capital.
• `Yesterday, five enemy drones invaded South Korean airspace, and our military detected and tracked them, but we apologise for not being able to shoot them down,` the Joint Chief s of Staff (JCS) said in a statement. All of the drones appeared to have returned to the North despite an operation to hunt them down that lasted five hours

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (Dec 28 2022) for CSS

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