January 2022

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (January 12, 2022) for CSS, PMS

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (January 12, 2022) for CSS, PMS
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik
WELCOME TO CSS TIMES DAY BY  DAY CURRENT AFFAIRS, YOUR BEST SOURCE FOR UP-TO-DATE AND DAILY TOP CURRENT AFFAIRS 2021 FOR PREPARATION OF CSS, PMS, BANKING, NTS, RAILWAYS AND ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS.  “DAY TO DAY CURRENT AFFAIRS” BASICALLY IS TOP 10 NEWS SUMMARY ON CURRENT HAPPENINGS OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE FOR ALL EXAMINATIONS

January 12, 2022: National / International Current Affairs


1. Milestone as 100m people get at least one dose

• As Pakistan passed another milestone of administering at least one dose of Covid-19 vaccine to over 100 million people on January 11, 2022, as many as 1,467 persons were infected with the virus and two lost their lives.
• According to a statement issued by the National Command and Operation Centre (NCOC), the country achieved another major milestone in the vaccination campaign, covering 100m people who have received at least one dose of vaccine.
• `Of these [100m people], nearly 75m are fully vaccinated, which is 33pc of total population and 49pc of eligible population. Work is not complete yet. Need to keep the momentum going,` it stated


2. Public version of security policy to be unveiled on Friday

• The public version of the recently approved National Security Policy (NSP) will be launched on Friday.
• NSP was approved by the federal cabinet on Dec 28, a day after it got the nod of the National Security Committee.
• The policy defines the direction the country should take in coming years. Its makers are said to have taken a citizen centric approach to national security and placed a special emphasis on economic security.
• The policy document is meant for a five-year period (2022-26) but it will be reviewed at the end of every year.
• The full 110-page NSP document would remain classified. However, a shorter nearly 50-page version is being published.


3. Report sees debt crisis as top risk faced by Pakistan

• The `Global Risks Report 2022` has listed five risks facing Pakistan with top risk of debt crisis, followed by extreme weather events, failure to stabilise price trajectories, failure of cyber security measures and human-made environmental damage.
• The report, published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) on Tuesday, presents the top five risks for each of 124 economies surveyed by the forum`s Executive Opinion Survey between May and September 2021.
• According to the report, the `Risk 1` indicates the most frequently selected risk in each country. Rising commodity prices, inflation and debt are the emerging risks. Moreover, with another spike in Covid-19 cases towards the end of 2021, the pandemic continues to stine countries` ability to facilitate a sustained recovery, the report says


4. Conventional c across Pakistan

• The Ministry of National Health Services (NHS) has announced that the conventional disposable syringes have completely been banned and replaced with auto-disable syringes across the country.
• The decision was made after the HIV outbreak in Larkana in 2019. Currently, 13 companies are manufacturing auto disable syringes and three others have been allowed to import them.
• In May 2019, a sudden outbreak of HIV was observed in Larkana (Ratodero). As over a thousand persons, including children, were found positive, the government of Pakistan requested the World Health Organisation (WHO) to investigate the matter


5. Telecom ministry`s subsidiary refuses to launch projects in GB, A JK

• The Universal Service Fund (USF), a subsidiary of the federal information technology and telecom ministry, has declined to launch telecom projects in Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir insisting that the two regions are constitutionally not part of the country and the cellular mobile companies could object to the utilisation of the amount generated in Pakistan there.
• The USF was asked by Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Minister Khalid Khurshid in a recent meeting that the domain of the USFshould be extended to Gilgit-Baltistan as soon as possible to improve internet connectivity in the region and make the facility available in remote areas.
• President Dr Arif Alvi chaired the meeting, which discussed ways and means to improve internet service in Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir


6. 99 paisa per unit cut in average power tariff approved

• With a promise to seek tax exemption on infant milk and bread from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the government on January 11, 2022 approved 99 paisa per unit cut in average power tariff under quarterly adjustment and decided to immediately move a law in the parliament for gradual increase in average gas tariff by about 30pc.
• This was the crux of a joint briefing by the ministers for finance, energy and information along with the State Bank of Pakistan governor and the special assistant to the prime minister on health after a meeting of the federal cabinet.
• Energy Minister Hammad Azhar said the government would introduce a bill in the parliament within next 10 days for Weighted Average Cost of (both local and imported) Gas (WACOG) under which average gas prices were estimated to go up by 30pc gradually over the next few years.


7. UN launches largest ever single-country appeal for Afghanistan

• The UN and partners launched their largest ever country specific appeal for Afghanistan on January 11, 2022 as Pakistan called for the revival of banking systems in the war-torn country.
• Addressing a special session to mark the launching of the $5 billion appeal, Pakistan`s ambassador at the UN mission in Geneva urged the international community also to consider Afghanistan`s economic needs.
• `Absence of liquidity and banking systems would spur illicit financing and exacerbate security concerns and risks,` Ambassador Khalilur-Rahman Hashmi said.
• UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths also supported this stance.


8. US announces $308m additional aid for Afghanistan

• The United States on January 11, 2022 announced a new contribution of more than $308 million in humanitarian assistance for the people of Afghanistan.
• This brings total US humanitarian aid in Afghanistan and for Afghan refugees in the region to nearly $782 million since October 2021, retaining its position as the single largest donor of humanitarian aid in Afghanistan.
• The United States is also sending one million additional Covid-19 vaccine doses through a UN program, bringing our total to 4.3 million doses


9. Pakistani`s research leads to first pig-to-human heart transplant

• Dow graduate Dr Mohammad Mohiuddin`s groundbreaking research led to the first pig-to-human heart transplant in history and the heart is now beating normally in the body of a 57-year-old recipient, David Bennet Sr.
• Doctors at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSM) said Mr Bennet had a life-threatening heart disease but did not specify his illness.
• `We are all very excited to see this pig heart beating in this human. This pig heart has performed very well so far. Even beyond our expectations, since we have not seen any signs of rejection,` said Dr Mohiuddin in an interview released by the UMSM.
• Doctors and surgeons at the UMSM told The New York Times (NYT) that the eighthour operation took place in Baltimore on Friday, and the patient, a Maryland resident, was doing well on Monday


10. European Parliament president Sassoli dies at age 65

• David Sassoli, an Italian journalist who worked his way up in politics while defending the downtrodden and repressed to become president of the European Unions parliament, died at a hospital in Italy early on January 11, 2022. He was 65.
• European Council President Charles Michel called Sassoli a sincere and passionate European. We already miss his human warmth, his generosity, his friendliness and his smile.
• Sassoli, a socialist, had been hospitalized since Dec26 because of abnormal functioning of his immune system, Cuillo said in a statement released the day before Sassoli`s death


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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