July 2021

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (July 10, 2021) for CSS, PMS


July 10, 2021: National / International Current Affairs

1. Taliban say they control 85pc of Afghanistan

• Taliban officials said on July 9, 2021 the insurgent group had taken control of 85 per cent of territory in Afghanistan, and international concern mounted over problems getting medicines and supplies into the country.
• Afghan government officials described the assertion that the Taliban controlled most of the country as part of a propaganda campaign launched as foreign military personnel, including those from the United States, withdraw after almost 20 years of fighting.
• However, local Afghan officials said Taliban fighters, emboldened by the withdrawal, had captured an important district in Herat province, home to tens of thousands of minority Shia Hazaras

2. Air travel ban for unvaccinated people introduced

• The National Command and Operation Centre (NCOC) and Sindh government on July 9, 2021 imposed further curbs on unvaccinated people to prevent the spread of Covid-19, prohibiting air travel from Aug 1 onwards and banning several facilities for them.
• The latest measures come after an increase in coronavirus cases was witnessed throughout the country as well as the impending threat of an outbreak of the Deltavariant.
• On the other hand, the Pakistan Medical Association-Sindh (PMA) termed the restrictions imposed by the provincial government `harsh`, saying it would encourage business of fake Covid19 vaccination cards.

3. Move to evaluate bureaucracy under new metric

• Prime Minister Imran Khan has asked the Establishment Division to devise mechanism for linking the performance of bureaucrats with the redressal of public grievances.
• The PM`s Performance Development Unit (PMDU) said that on the advice of the prime minister, the Establishment Division had been directed to make procedure for improving the annual confidential report (ACR), also known as performance evaluation report (PER), on the basis of his endeavor to address public complaints.
• According to a PMDU statement, the best scale to judge the performance of a bureaucrat is to examine how quickly he/ she resolves public grievances

4. Zahoor Agha sworn in as Balochistan`s governor

• Syed Zahoor Ahmed Agha on July 9, 2021 took the oath as the 22nd governor of Balochistan.
• Balochistan High Court Chief Justice Jamal Khan Mandokhail administered the oath to the new governor at a simple but impressive ceremony at Governor House.
• Mr Agha was born on Oct 4, 1971 in Pishin district. He joined the PTI in 2011 and has since then worked in different positions in the party.

5. S. Arabia concerned over Iran`s `nuclear activity`

• Saudi Arabia is concerned about increased nuclear activities by Iran which threaten regional security, a Saudi foreign ministry official said, after Tehran started the process of producing enriched uranium metal.
• The UN nuclear watchdog said Iran had begun the enrichment process, a move that could help it develop a nuclear weapon and was criticised by the United States and European powers.
• Iran said its steps were aimed at developing fuel for a research reactor, not at producing a nuclear weapon

6. 11 die of hunger every minute around the globe, says Oxfam

• The anti-poverty organisation Oxfam says 11 people die of hunger each minute and that the number facing famine like conditions around the globe has increased six times over the last year.
• In a report titled The Hunger Virus Multiplies,` Oxfam said on July 9, 2021 that the death toll from famine outpaces that of Covid-19, which kills around seven people per minute.
• The statistics are staggering, but we must remember that these figures are made up of individual people facing unimaginable suffering. Even one person is too many, said Oxfam Americas President and CEO Abby Maxman

7. Biden signs order to promote competition in US economy

• President Joe Biden signed a sweeping executive order on July 9, 2021 to promote more competition in the US economy, urging agencies to crack down on anti-competitive practices in sectors from agriculture to drugs and labour.
• If fully implemented, the effort will help lower Americans` internet costs, allow for airline baggage fee refunds for delayed luggage and cut some prescription drug prices, among many other steps.
• Biden said the order `commits the federal government to full and aggressive enforcement of our antitrust laws.` `No more tolerance of abusive actions by monopolies. No more bad mergers that lead to massive layoffs, higher prices and fewer options for workers and consumers alike,` he said before signing the order.

8. Turkey, US agree on ‘scope’ of Kabul airport security

• Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on July 9, 2021 that Turkey and the US agreed on the “scope” of how to secure Kabul airport under the control of Turkish forces after Washington’s withdrawal from Afghanistan.
• Turkey promised to provide security for the airport once the troops leave next month, in a move hailed as an example of improved relations between Ankara and Washington.
• Erdogan said the issue was discussed between Turkish and American defence ministers on Thursday, adding: “During discussions with America and NATO, we decided on what would be the scope of the mission, what we would accept and not accept.” Turkey’s move comes after Erdogan held talks with US President Joe Biden in Brussels on the sidelines of a NATO summit in June.

9. First African American wins Spelling Bee

• Zaila Avant-garde, 14, became the first African American to win the 90-year-old Scripps National Spelling Bee on Thursday by correctly spelling `Murraya`, a genus of plants, staying cool after a near miss with a botanical word in a previous round.
• Televised live on ESPN, complete with play-by-play commentary and interviews with the participants, the competition finals returned after being cancelled last year because of the coronavirus pandemic. It was once again held before a live audience at the Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando

10. Israeli settlements amount to war crime: UN expert

• Israeli settlements in east Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank amount to a war crime, a UN human rights investigator said on July 9, 2021, calling on countries to inflict a cost on Israel for its `illegal occupation` Michael Lynlc, UN special rapporteur on human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory, was addressing a session of the UN Human Rights Council, boycotted by Israel which does not recognise his mandate or cooperate with him.
• `In my report, I conclude that the Israeli settlements do amount to a war crime, Lynk said.
• He said the settlements violate an absolute ban on an occupying power transferring part of its civilian population into an occupied territory, thereby meeting the definition of a war crime under the Rome Statute founding the International Criminal Court (ICC)

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