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October 04, 2022: National / International Current Affairs
1. Pakistan hits back at India over `gratuitous accusation`
• New Delhi should abjure its policy of state terrorism in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK) and against Muslims in India instead of hurling baseless allegations against Pakistan, the Foreign Office said in a statement on October 3, 2022.
• The Foreign Office (FO) issued the statement in a riposte to Indian External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar`s `irresponsible and gratuitous remarks` made at Vadodara last week in which he accused Pakistan of involvement in international terrorism.
• The FO urged New Delhi to allow Kashmiris to exercise their right to self-determination in accordance with their aspirations and UN Security Council resolutions.
• The statement called upon the international community to hold India accountable for its patronage of terrorist entities and for insdgadng unrest in neighbouring countries
2. Pakistan can benefit from US `relaxation` on Russia oil
• Pakistan can be one of the beneficiaries of a US decision to `keep Russian oil available` in the market for lower and middle income countries, a State Department spokesperson told Dawn on Monday.
• The spokesperson said that this relaxation should not be seen as a move towards easing the sanctions the US has imposed on Russia for invading Ukraine in February this year, but he was quick to point out that `other countries will have to make their own choices based on their own circumstances in terms of energy imports`.
• Earlier, it was reported that the US had allowed Pakistan to `cut a short term cut rate deal for Russian crude oil`, but there was no clarity on the mechanism under which this could be achieved, nor was there any confirmation from the US government in this regard
3. Geneva appeal upped to $816m amid fears of disease surge
• The United Nations and Pakistan will present a revised appeal for the `Floods Response Plan` in Geneva on Tuesday (October 3, 2022), seeking $816 million to control a surge in water-borne diseases following the country`s worst floods in decades, the UN resident coordinator for Pakistan announced on October 3, 2022.
• During a press briefing in Geneva, Julien Harneis said, `We are now entering into a second wave of deaths and destruction with the wave of diseases malaria, dengue, skin diseases, cabbies and acute malnutrition.
• `There will be an increase in child morbidity and it will be pretty terrible unless we act rapidly to support the government in increasing the provision of health, nutrition and water and sanitation services across the affected areas
4. Pakistan`s economy `expected to slow down` amid global downturn
• Pakistan`s economy is expected to slow down this year after the strong bounce last year from the Covid-linked contraction in 2020, according to a report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) released here on October 3, 2022.
• Mounting debt burden and falling foreign exchange reserves had already pushed Pakistan into negotiations with International Monetary Fund (IMF) even before the situation turned critical as devastating floods killed thousands of people, ruined crops and destroyed infrastructure across the country, stated the UN`s `Trade and Development Report 2022`.
• About the record-shattering floods in Pakistan, the report mentioned that this illustrated the vicious circle of climate disaster and austerity into which vulnerable developing countries risk falling, as global warming accelerates amid insufficient international climate support for countries whose per capital CO2 emissions remain a fraction of advanced countries
5. Senate body to invite stakeholders to discuss Transgender Persons Act
• The Senate Standing Committee on Human Rights on Monday decided to invite religious scholars, medical and legal experts, human rights activists, Nadra chairman and the representatives of transgender community to discuss amendments to the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act 2018.
• At the start of its meeting, the committee chairman Senator Walid Iqbal apprised the meeting of the legislative history of the Act as it was approved by both the houses of parliament between August 2017 and May 2018.
• The meeting also discussed the two amendment bills moved by Senator Fawzia Arshad of the PTI and Senator Mushtaq Ahmed of Jamaat-i-Islami (JI).
• Senator Mohsin Aziz of the PTI, who too moved an amendment to the Transgender Act 2018, was specially invited to the committee