Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (21 January 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (21 January 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
January 21, 2021


Aggregate (noun) ڈھیر ، ذخیرہ، ٹکڑوں سے بنا

a whole formed by combining several separate elements.
Example: “the council was an aggregate of three regional assemblies”
Synonyms: collection, mass, cluster, lump, clump, pile, heap, bundle, quantity
Antonyms: dissipation, dispersion, separation, division


Bystander (noun) دیکھنے والا، قریب کھڑا، ناظر یا تماشائی

a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part.
Example: “water cannons were turned on marchers and innocent bystanders alike”
Synonyms: onlooker, passer-by, non-participant, observer, spectator, eyewitness, witness
Antonyms: participant


Seminal (adjective) بنیادی، بیج سے متعلق، نطفے

strongly influencing later developments.
Example: “his seminal work on chaos theory”
Synonyms: influential, formative, groundbreaking, pioneering, original, creative, innovative
Antonyms: irrelevant, unimportant


Thwart (verb) ناکام بنا دینا، آڑا

prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
Example: “he never did anything to thwart his father”
Synonyms: foil, frustrate, balk, stand in the way of, forestall, scotch, derail, smash, dash
Antonyms: assist, facilitate


Culpable (adjective) نامناسب، قابل گرفت، قابل مواخذہ

deserving blame.
Example: “mercy killings are less culpable than ‘ordinary’ murders”
Synonyms: to blame, guilty, at fault, in the wrong, blameworthy, blameable, censurable, reproachable
Antonyms: blameless, innocent


Erupt (verb) پھٹ پڑنے کا عمل، خروج، پھٹ پڑنا

(of a volcano) become active and eject lava, ash, and gases.
Example: “Mount Pinatubo began erupting in June”
Synonyms: emit lava, belch lava, become active, flare up, eject/vent material, explode
Antonyms: lie dormant


Shrill (adjective) باریک اور تیز آواز، بہت اونچی آواز

(of a voice or sound) high-pitched and piercing.
Example: “a shrill laugh”
Synonyms: high-pitched, piercing, high, sharp, ear-piercing, ear-splitting, air-rending, penetrating
Antonyms: low, soft, dulcet


Volatile (adjective) بدلتے مزاج والا، کافور صفت

(of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Example: “volatile solvents such as petroleum ether, hexane, and benzene”
Synonyms: evaporative, vaporous, vaporescent, explosive, eruptive, inflammable, unstable
Antonyms: stable, calm


Chauvinist (noun) جنگجو، وطن پرست

a person displaying excessive or prejudiced support for their own cause, group, or sex.
Example: “we don’t want to lay ourselves open to charges that we’re chauvinists”
Synonyms: sexist, male chauvinist, misogynist, woman-hater, anti-feminist, male supremacist
Antonyms: fair, happy, impartial, nice, patient


Reprisal (noun) انتقامی کارروائی، پاداش میں

an act of retaliation.
Example: “three youths died in the reprisals which followed”
Synonyms: retaliation, counterattack, counterstroke, comeback, revenge, vengeance, retribution, requital
Antonyms: condonation, grace, remission, reprieve


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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