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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
February 02, 2019
Volatile (adjective) غیر مستحکم، اڑ جانےوالا، کافور صفت
(of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Example: “volatile solvents such as petroleum ether, hexane, and benzene”
Synonyms: evaporative, vaporous, vaporescent; explosive, eruptive, inflammable; unstable
Antonyms: stable, calm
Affront (noun) توہین کرنا، برملا ہتک کرنا، گستاخی سے پیش آنا
an action or remark that causes outrage or offence.
Example: “he took his son’s desertion as a personal affront”
Synonyms: insult, offence, indignity, slight, snub, slur, aspersion, provocation, injury, put down
Spearhead (verb) ہر اول، پیش رو، حملے وغیرہ میں پیش روی کرنا
lead (an attack or movement).
Example: “he’s spearheading a campaign to reduce the number of accidents at work”
Synonyms: lead, head, front, be the driving force behind; be in the forefront of,
Antonyms: end,finish, mislead
Indigenous (adjective) دیسی، ملکی، فطری علاقہ رکھنے والا
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
Example: “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”
Synonyms: native, aboriginal, local; original, earliest, first, initial; ancient, primeval, primordial;
Antonyms: expatriate, migrant, adventitious
Fanatical (adjective) جنونی، متصبانہ، کٹر
filled with excessive and single-minded zeal.
Example: “fanatical revolutionaries”
Synonyms: zealous, extremist, extreme, militant, dogmatic, sectarian, bigoted, rabid, maniacal
Antonyms: moderate, open-minded
Snag (noun) مشکل ، رکاوٹ، گرہ،
an unexpected or hidden obstacle or drawback.
Example: “there’s one small snag”
Synonyms: obstacle, difficulty, complication, catch, hitch, stumbling block, pitfall, unseen problem,
Antonyms: advantage, asset, aid
Counterpart (noun) ہم منصب،نقل، جوڑ، ہم ثانی
a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation.
Example: “the minister held talks with his French counterpart”
Synonyms: equivalent, opposite number, peer, equal, parallel, complement, match, twin, mate,
Multitude (noun) بھیڑ، کثرت
a large number of people or things.
Example: “a multitude of medical conditions are due to being overweight”
Synonyms: a lot, a great/large number, a great/large quantity, host, horde, mass, mountain, drove
Undermine (verb) کمزور، مجروح، سرنگ بنانا
lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
Example: “this could undermine years of hard work”
Synonyms: subvert, sabotage, threaten, weaken, compromise, diminish, reduce, impair, mar,
Antonyms: enhance, improve, strengthen
Abet (verb) اعانت کرنا، معاونت کرنا، مجرم کی مدد کرنا
encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.
Example: “he was not guilty of murder but was guilty of aiding and abetting others”
Synonyms: assist, aid, help, lend a hand, support, back, encourage; cooperate with