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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
February 05, 2019
Wreak (verb) بدلہ لینا، انتقام لینا، کسی پر غصہ اتارنا
cause (a large amount of damage or harm).
Example: “torrential rainstorms wreaked havoc yesterday”
Synonyms: inflict, create, cause, result in, effect, engender, bring about, perpetrate, unleash, vent,
Antonyms: destroy, fail, neglect, forget
Devastate (verb) تباہ کرنا، برباد کرنا، ویران کرنا، غارت کرنا
destroy or ruin.
Example: “the city was devastated by a huge earthquake”
Synonyms: destroy, ruin, leave in ruins, wreck, lay waste, wreak havoc on, ravage, ransack,
Antonyms: recondition, recover, redeem, rehabilitate, restore
Havoc (noun) قہر، خرابی
Example: “the hurricane ripped through Florida causing havoc”
Synonyms: devastation, destruction, damage, desolation, depredation, despoliation, ruination,
Entrench (verb) حفاظت کےلئے مورچہ بند ہونا
establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.
Example: “ageism is entrenched in our society”
Synonyms: establish, settle, ensconce, lodge, set, root, install, plant, embed, anchor, seat,
Antonyms: dislodge, superficial
Patronage (noun) سرپرستی، دستگیری، حفاظت
the support given by a patron.
Example: “the arts could no longer depend on private patronage”
Synonyms: sponsorship, backing, funding, financing, philanthropy, promotion, furtherance, help,
Antonyms: attack, blockage, discouragement
Lethargy (noun) غنودگی، طویل نیند، کمزوری
a lack of energy and enthusiasm.
Example: “there was an air of lethargy about him”
Synonyms: sluggishness, inertia, inactivity, inaction, slowness, torpor, torpidity, lifelessness,
Antonyms: vigour, energy, animation
Periphery (noun) محیط، گھیرا، حدود، علاقے
the outer limits or edge of an area or object.
Example: “new buildings on the periphery of the hospital site”
Synonyms: edge, outer edge, margin, fringe, boundary, border, perimeter, circumference, rim, verge
Antonyms: centre, middle, heart
Prelude (noun) آغازکرنا، پیش خیمہ ہونا،
an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.
Example: “a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations”
Synonyms: preliminary, overture, opening, preparation, introduction, start, beginning,
Antonyms: conclusion, postscript
Besiege (adjective) گھیر لینا، محاصرہ کرنا
surround (a place) with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender.
Example: “the king marched north to besiege Berwick”
Synonyms: lay siege to, beleaguer, blockade, surround; shut off, block off; archaicinvest
Antonyms: let go, leave alone
Gimmick (noun) تدبیر، منصوبہ، ترکیب،
a trick or device intended to attract attention, publicity, or trade.
Example: “it is not so much a programme to improve services as a gimmick to gain votes”
Synonyms: publicity device, stunt, contrivance, eye-catching novelty, scheme, trick, dodge, ploy,
Antonyms: frankness, honesty, reality