Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning | 15 November 2018

Daily Dawn Vocabulary with urdu Meaning 15 November 2018
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
November 15, 2018

Reconnaissance (noun) جاسوسی، دیکھ بھال، جانچ پڑتال، مخبری

military observation of a region to locate an enemy or ascertain strategic features
Example: an excellent aircraft for low-level reconnaissance
Synonyms: preliminary survey, survey, exploration, observation, investigation

Hitherto (adverb) اب تک، اس جگہ تک ، اب تک ہنوز

until now or until the point in time under discussion
Example: hitherto part of French West Africa, Benin achieved independence in 1960
Synonyms: previously, formerly, earlier, so far, thus far, before, beforehand
Antonyms: currently, future, later, presently

Mutilate (verb) مسخ، عضو کاٹ ڈالنا

inflict a violent and disfiguring injury on.
Example: “most of the prisoners had been mutilated”
Synonyms: mangle, maim, disfigure, cut to pieces, cut up, hack up
Antonyms: adorn, aid, assist, beautify, cure, decorate

Apparatus (noun) آلات، ضروری مواد، فلٹرنگ کا سامان

the technical equipment or machinery needed for a particular activity or purpose.
Example: “firemen wearing breathing apparatus”
Synonyms: equipment, gear, rig, tackle, gadgetry, paraphernalia

Obfuscate (verb) تاریک کرنا، ظلمت، حواس باختہ کردینا

make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
Example: “the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins”
Synonyms: obscure, confuse, make obscure/unclear, blur, muddle, jumble
Antonyms: clarify

Culpability (noun) مجرم، قابل مواخذہ

responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame.
Example: “a level of moral culpability”
Synonyms: guilt, blame, fault, responsibility, accountability, liability
Antonyms: innocence

Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، چکا چوند کرنا ، مشتبہ

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt,
Antonyms: certain, definite

Capitulation (noun) شکست، مشروط اطاعت،معاہدہ

the action of ceasing to resist an opponent or demand.
Example: “she gave a sigh of capitulation”
Synonyms: surrender, submission, yielding, giving in, succumbing,
Antonyms: resistance

Repugnant (adjective) ناخوشگوار، بدذائقہ

extremely distasteful; unacceptable.
Example: “cannibalism seems repugnant to us”
Synonyms: abhorrent, revolting, repulsive, repellent, disgusting, offensive,
Antonyms: attractive, agreeable, pleasant

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Shahzad F. Malik

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