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January 25, 2022: National Current Affairs MCQs
1. PM ready to sacrifice `political capital` at IMF altar
• Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif on January 24, 2023 indicated that the government was finally ready to swallow the bitter pill of the International Monetary Fund`s (IMF) `stringent` conditions to revive the loan programme.
• The ruling Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) alliance was ready to sacrifice its political career for the sake of the country, he said, addressing the launch of `PM Youth Loan Scheme for Business and Agriculture`. Mr Sharif said the government has clearly conveyed its intentions to complete the ninth review to the IMF.
• `We are ready and want to sit down regarding your [IMF`s] conditions so that [the review] can be concluded and Pakistan moves forward,` he said
2. Outages to continue until nuclear plants restored to full capacity
• Federal Minister for Energy Khurram Dastgir Khan has said the government has ordered an audit to identify weaknesses in transmission system across the country and would soon introduce new technologies and practices to ensure power breakdowns are geographically contained and have `black start` facility for quick recovery of the entire national grid.
• He expressed these views at a news conference, which was called to announce the full restoration of all the 1112 grid stations across the national transmission network on Tuesday at 5:15am after about a 22-hour countrywide breakdown though the consumers continued to face outages.
• He said additional load shedding could continue for two more days until the nuclear power plants at Chashma and Karachi are restored to full capacity. He conceded that the system operator National Transmission & Despatch Company (NTDC) was without a regular managingdirector. He said the government had taken a very serious notice of irregular appointment of a deputy managing director, Banatwala, and a stern action would follow very shortly
3. Governor approves 14 bills sent by PA
• Governor Balighur Rehman on January 24, 2023 approved 14 bills sent to him by the Punjab Assembly in public interest.
• The assented bills include the Punjab Road Safety Authority Bill 2022, Punjab Procurement Regulatory Authority (amendment) Bill 2020, Punjab Finance (amendment) Bill 2021, Punjab Wildlife Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management (amendment) Bill 2021, Punjab General Provident Investment Fund (amendment) Bill 2021, Punjab Irrigation, Drainage and Rivers Bill 2021, Punjab Shops and Establishment (amendment) Bill 2021, Punjab Women Hostels Authority Bill 2021, Provincial Motor Vehicles (amendment) Bill 2022, Punjab Pension Fund (amendment) Bill 2021, Lahore University of Biological And Applied Sciences Bill 2022, Punjab Home Based Workers Bill 2021, Punjab Urban Immovable Property Tax (amendment) Bill 2021 and Punjab Alternate Dispute Resolution (amendment) Bill 2023
4. Genomic sequencing of poliovirus shows links to Afghanistan
• The genomic sequencing of the only poliovirus, detected from the sewage water in Pakistan during the current year, shows that the virus belongs to Nangarhar province of Afghanistan.
• The Type-1 Wild Poliovirus (WPV1) in an environmental sample was detected in Lahore district (Gulshan Ravi, ES site) during the current month.
• The genomic sequencing is a process to decipher the genetic material found in an organism or virus. Sequences from specimens can be compared to help scientists track the spread of the virus, how it is changing and how those changes may affect the public health.
5. WB, NDMA agree on framework for climate-resilient communities
• A World Bank team called on the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) chairman on January 25, 2023 and discussed with him various aspects of disaster management system and sustainable disaster risk reduction models to protect vulnerable communities.
• NDMA Chairman Lt Gen Inam Haider Malik highlighted transformative idea of an artificial intelligence-based National Emergencies Operations Centre (NEOC) at NDMA as a leading forum for managing, collating and disseminating critical information pertaining to disaster predictions, early warnings and preventive measures and generating `common operating picture` for preparedness of all relevant departments for proactive response and simulation exercises in advance