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Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (07 September 2020)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (07 September 2020)
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

Every aspirant knows the importance of English language and vocabulary. In order to facilitate the aspirants, we have started a new trend of posting vocabulary on our website. The vocabulary will include the words from dawn newspaper along with their meanings which will save a lot of time of the aspirants.
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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
September 07, 2020

Rudimentary (adjective) اصولی، بنیادی، نامکمل

involving or limited to basic principles.
Example: “he received a rudimentary education”
Synonyms: basic, elementary, introductory, early, primary, initial, first, fundamental, essential
Antonyms: advanced

Shoddy (adjective) گمراہ کن،بے ہودہ، نقلی، گھٹیا

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry
Antonyms: well made, careful

Calamity (noun) المیہ، آفت، سانحہ

an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster.
Example: “emergency measures may be necessary in order to avert a calamity”
Synonyms: disaster, catastrophe, tragedy, cataclysm, devastating blow, crisis, adversity, blight, tribulation
Antonyms: godsend, blessing

Subterfuge (noun) حجلت، حیلہ، عذر

deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal.
Example: “he had to use subterfuge and bluff on many occasions”
Synonyms: trickery, intrigue, deviousness, evasion, deceit, deception, dishonesty, cheating
Antonyms: honesty, openness

Obfuscate (verb) تاریک کرنا، دھندلا کرنا

make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
Example: “the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins”
Synonyms: obscure, confuse, make obscure/unclear, blur, muddle, jumble, complicate, garble
Antonyms: clarify

Trickery (noun) فریب، جعلسازی، دھوکہ دہی

the practice of deception.
Example: “the dealer resorted to trickery”
Synonyms: deception, deceit, dishonesty, cheating, duplicity, double-dealing, legerdemain, sleight of hand
Antonyms: honesty, candour

Illegitimate (adjective) ناجائز ، خلاف قانون

not authorized by the law; not in accordance with accepted standards or rules.
Example: “defending workers against illegitimate managerial practices”
Synonyms: illegal, unlawful, illicit, against the law, criminal, lawbreaking, actionable, felonious
Antonyms: legitimate, lawful

Malicious (adjective) دل کا برا، حاسد

characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm.
Example: “he was found guilty of malicious damage”
Synonyms: spiteful, malevolent, hostile, bitter, venomous, poisonous, evil-intentioned, ill-natured
Antonyms: benevolent

Endure (verb) برداشت، زندہ رہنا، اذیت سہنا

suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.
Example: “it seemed impossible that anyone could endure such pain”
Synonyms: undergo, go through, live through, experience, meet, encounter, cope with
Antonyms: fade, short-lived

Sprawl (verb) بے ڈھنگے انداز سے بدن کا پھیلنا

sit, lie, or fall with one’s arms and legs spread out in an ungainly way.
Example: “the door shot open, sending him sprawling across the pavement”
Synonyms: stretch out, lounge, loll, lie, lie down, lie back, recline, drape oneself, be recumbent
Antonyms: contain, limit, restrict

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About the author

Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad Faisal Malik is the administrator of and is responsible for managing the content, design, and overall direction of the blog. He has a strong background in Competitive Exams and is passionate and sharing information with others.
Shahzad Faisal Malik has worked as a Graphic Designer/Content Creator at CSSTimes in the past. In his free time, Shahzad Faisal Malik enjoys watching Cricket, writing blogs for different websites and is always on the lookout for new and interesting content to share with the readers of this website.
As the website administrator, Shahzad Faisal Malik is dedicated to providing high-quality content and fostering a welcoming and engaging community for readers. He looks forward to connecting with readers and hearing their thoughts and feedback on the website.

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