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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
January 22, 2021
(adjective) انتشار انگیز، افراتفری سے بھرپور
making an uproar or loud, confused noise.
Example: “tumultuous applause”
Synonyms: loud, deafening, thunderous, thundering, ear-shattering, ear-splitting, ear-piercing
(verb) ڈگمگا کر چلنا، مشکل سے چلنا، چکرا کر چلنا
struggle or stagger clumsily in mud or water.
Example: “he was floundering about in the shallow offshore waters”
Synonyms: struggle, thrash, thresh, flail, toss and turn, twist and turn, pitch, splash
Antonyms: make good progress
(verb) عورت نما زنانہ، ضرورت سے زیادہ تحفظ کا اہتمام
treat (someone) in an indulgent or overprotective way.
Example: “I found school very difficult, and realized I’d been mollycoddled at home”
Synonyms: pamper, cosset, coddle, spoil, indulge, overindulge, pet, baby, wait on hand and foot
Antonyms: abuse, ill-treat, ill-use, maltreat
(noun) وہم، دھوکہ، فریب
an instance of a wrong or misinterpreted perception of a sensory experience.
Example: “stripes embellish the surface to create the illusion of various wood-grain textures”
Synonyms: mirage, hallucination, apparition, phantasm, phantom, vision, spectre, fantasy
Jurisdiction (noun) حلقہ عدلیہ، قانون نافذ کرنے کا حق
the official power to make legal decisions and judgements.
Example: “the English court had no jurisdiction over the defendants”
Synonyms: authority, control, power, dominion, rule, administration, command, sway
Antonyms: freedom, independence, immunity, exemption
Comprehend (verb) سمجھنا، جاننا، حواس کے ذریعے علم حاصل کرنا
grasp mentally; understand.
Example: “he couldn’t comprehend her reasons for marrying Lovat”
Synonyms: understand, grasp, take in, see, apprehend, follow, make sense of, fathom
(verb) تھوکنا، اگلنا، قے کرنا
expel large quantities of (something) rapidly and forcibly.
Example: “buses were spewing out black clouds of exhaust”
Synonyms: emit, discharge, eject, expel, belch out, pour out, spout, disgorge
Antonyms: dribble, strain, bottle, seep, contain, weep
(noun) احتیاط، دور اندیشی
the ability to predict what will happen or be needed in the future.
Example: “he had the foresight to check that his escape route was clear”
Synonyms: forethought, anticipation, planning, forward planning, provision, prescience, circumspection
(verb) مفہوم، مطلب پا جانا
appear to be or do something, especially falsely.
Example: “she is not the person she purports to be”
Synonyms: claim, lay claim, profess, pretend, set oneself up (as), appear, seem, be apparently
Antonyms: abandon, disavow, disclaim
(adjective) مرادی، اصطلاحی، مجازی، رنگین
departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
Example: “a figurative expression”
Synonyms: metaphorical, non-literal, symbolic, allegorical, representative, emblematic, imaginative
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