Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (11 July 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (11 July 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
July 11, 2021


Notorious (adjective) معروف، بدنام زمانہ، انگشت نما

famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed.
Example: “Los Angeles is notorious for its smog”
Synonyms: infamous, of ill repute, with a bad reputation/name, ill-famed, scandalous, well known, famous
Antonyms: unknown, anonymous, faceless


Discretionary (adjective) صوابدیدی، اختیاری

available for use at the discretion of the user.
Example: “there has been an increase in year-end discretionary bonuses”
Synonyms: optional, non-compulsory, voluntary, at one’s discretion, up to the individual
Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory


Plethora (noun) کثرت، بہتات، فروانی، بہت

a large or excessive amount of something.
Example: “a plethora of committees and subcommittees”
Synonyms: excess, abundance, overabundance, superfluity, surfeit, profusion, more than enough
Antonyms: dearth, lack


Complacency (noun) مروت، اطمینان، خاطر جمعی

a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Example: “the figures are better, but there are no grounds for complacency”
Synonyms: smugness, self-satisfaction, self-approval, self-approbation, self-admiration, self-congratulation
Antonyms: dissatisfaction


Coherent (adjective) معقول، منطقی، تسلسل

(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent.
Example: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”
Synonyms: logical, reasoned, reasonable, well reasoned, rational, sound, cogent, consistent
Antonyms: incoherent, muddled


Untenable (adjective) ناقابل مدافعت، غیر مستحکم

(especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
Example: “this argument is clearly untenable”
Synonyms: indefensible, undefendable, unarguable, insupportable, refutable, unsustainable, unjustified
Antonyms: tenable, defensible


Devastate (verb) برباد کرنا، اجاڑنا، تباہ کرنا

destroy or ruin.
Example: “the city was devastated by a huge earthquake”
Synonyms: destroy, ruin, leave in ruins, wreck, lay waste, wreak havoc on, ravage, ransack
Antonyms: unbroken


Cripple (verb) کمزور کرنا، لنگڑانا

cause severe and disabling damage to; deprive of the ability to function normally.
Example: “developing countries are crippled by their debts”
Synonyms: ruin, destroy, wipe out, crush, break, impair, hamstring, hamper, impede
Antonyms: boost


Frighten (verb) دہشت زدہ، خوفزدہ

make (someone) afraid or anxious.
Example: “the savagery of his thoughts frightened him”
Synonyms: scare, startle, alarm, terrify, petrify, shock, chill, appal, agitate, panic
Antonyms: reassure, comfort, comforting


Dearth (noun) کمی، گرانی، کم تعداد

a scarcity or lack of something.
Example: “there is a dearth of evidence”
Synonyms: lack, scarcity, scarceness, shortage, shortfall, want, deficiency, insufficiency
Antonyms: abundance, surfeit


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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