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CSS Notes General Science & Ability Notes

Different Branches of Science | General Science Notes

Different Branches of Science | General Science Notes
Written by CSS Times

Different Branches of Science | General Science Notes

What is science?

A systematic study using observation, experiment, and measurement, of physical and social phenomena, or any specific area involving such a study is called Science
Science is knowledge, often as opposed to intuition, belief, etc. It is, in fact, systematized knowledge derived from observation, study and experimentation carried on in order to determine the nature or principles of what is being studied.

Different Branches of Science “A”

Acoustics
The study of sound (or the science of sound).

Acrobatics
The art of performing acrobatic feats (gymnastics).

Aerodynamics
(i) The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other gases.
(ii) The study of the motion and control of solid bodies like aircraft, missiles, etc., in air

Aeronautics
The Science or art of flight.

Aerostatics
The branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them.

Aesthetics
The philosophy of fine arts.

Aetiology
The science of causation.

Agrobiology
The science of plant life and plant nutrition.

Agronomics
The science of managing land or crops.

Agronomy
The science of soil management and the production of field crops.

Agrostology
The study of grasses.

Alchemy
Chemistry in ancient times.

Anatomy
The science dealing with the structure of animals, plants or human body.

Anthropology
The science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development of mankind.

Arboriculture
Cultivation of trees and vegetables.

Archaeology
The study of antiquities.

Astrology
The ancient art of predicting the course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced from the position and movement of the heavenly bodies.

Astronautics
The science of space travel.

Astronomy
– The study of the heavenly bodies.

Astrophysics
The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of heavenly bodies.

Different Branches of Science “B”

Bacteriology
The study of bacteria.

Biochemistry
The study of chemical processes of living things.

Biology
The study of living things.

Biometry
The application of mathematics to the study of living things.

Bionics
The study of functions, characteristics and phenomena observed in the living world and the application of this knowledge to the world of machines.

Bionomics
The study of the relation of an organism to its environments.

Bionomy
The science of the laws of life.

Biophysics
The physics of vital processes (living things).

Botany
The study of plants.

Different Branches of Science “C”

Calisthenics
The systematic exercises for attaining strength and gracefulness.

Cartography
Science of Map Making.

Ceramics
The art and technology of making objects from clay, etc. (Pottery).

Chemical engineering
the application of science, mathematics, and economics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms

Chemistry
The study of elementary and their laws of combination and behaviour.

Chemotherapy
The treatment of disease by using chemical substances.

Chronobiology
The study of the duration of life.

Chronology
The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events.

Climatology
the study of climates and investigations of its phenomena and causes

Computer science
the systematic study of computing systems and computation

Conchology
The branch of zoology dealing with the shells of mollusks.

Cosmogony
The science of the nature of heavenly bodies.

Cosmography
The science that describes and maps the main feature of the universe.

Cosmology
The science of the nature, origin and history of the universe.

Criminology
The study of crime and criminals.

Crytography
The study of ciphers (secret writings).

Crystallography
The study of the structure, forms and properties of crystals.

Crygenics
The science dealing with the production, control and application of very low temperatures.

Cytochemistry
The branch of cytology dealing with the chemistry of cells.

Cytogenetics
The branch of biology dealing with the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology and genetics.

Cytology
The study of cells, especially their formation, structure and functions.

Different Branches of Science “D”

Dactylography
The study of fingerprints for the purpose of identification.

Dactyliology
The technique of communication by signs made with the fingers. It is generally used by the deaf.

Different Branches of Science “E”

Ecology
The study of the relation of animals and plants to their surroundings, animate and inanimate.

Econometrics
The application of mathematics in testing economic theories.

Economics
The science dealing with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

Electronics
science and technology of electronic phenomena

Embryology
The study of development of embryos.

Entomology
The study of insects.

Engineering
the practical application of science to commerce or industry

Entomology
the study of insects

Environmental science
the science of the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment

Epidemiology
The branch of medicine dealing with epidemic diseases.

Epigraphy
The study of inscriptions.

Ethics
Psychological study of moral principles.

Ethnography
A branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures.

Ethnology
A branch of anthropology that deals with the origin, distribution and distinguishing characteristics of the races of mankind.

Ethology
The study of animal behaviour.

Etymology
The study of origin and history of words.

Eugenics
The study of the production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents.

Different Branches of Science “F / G”

Forestry
the science of studying and managing forests and plantations, and related natural resources

Genealogy
The study of family ancestries and histories.

Genecology
The study of genetical composition of plant population in relation to their habitats.

Genesiology
The science of generation.

Genetics
The branch of biology dealing with the phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it.

Geobiology
The biology of terrestrial life.

Geobotany
The branch of botany dealing with all aspects of relations between plants and the earth’s surface.

Geochemistry
The study of the chemical composition of the earth’s crust and the changes which take place within it.

Geography
The development of science of the earth’s surface, physical features, climate, population, etc.

Geology
The science that deals with the physical history of the earth.

Geomedicine
The branch of medicine dealing with the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health.

Geomorphology
The study of the characteristics, origin and development of land forms.

Geophysics
The physics of the earth.

Gerontology
The study of old age, its phenomena, diseases, etc.

Different Branches of Science “H”

Heliothearpy
The sun cure.

Histology
The study of tissues.

Horticulture
The cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants.

Hydrodynamics
The mathematical study of the forces, energy and pressure of liquid in motion.

Hydrography
The science of water measurements of the earth with special reference of their use for navigation.

Hydrology
The study of water with reference to its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere.

Hydrometallurgy
The process of extracting metals at ordinary temperature by bleaching ore with liquids.

Hydropathy
The treatment of disease by the internal and external use of water.

Hydroponics
The cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil.

Hydrostatics
The mathematical study of forces and pressure in liquids.

Hygiene
The science of health and its preservation.

Different Branches of Science “L / M / N”

Lconography
Teaching with the aid of pictures and models.

Lconology
The study of symbolic representations.

Jurisprudence
The science of law.

Lexicography
The writing or compiling of dictionaries.

Mammography
Radiography of the mammary glands.

Marine biology
the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems

Mathematics
a science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement

Arithmetic
The use of numbers for calculation. In arithmetic, mathematicians combine specific numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) to produce a result.

Algebra
Works in a similar way, but uses general expressions and allows for “variables” that are place holders in complex problem solving.

Geometry
Describes objects and the spaces around them. In its simplest form, it deals with objects in two or three dimensions, such as lines, circles, cubes, and spheres. Geometry can be extended to cover abstractions, including objects in many dimensions.

Calculus
Deals with continuously changing quantities, such as the position of a point on a curve or the area that the curve bounds. Among the advances that calculus helped develop were the determination of Newton’s laws of motion and the theory of electromagnetism.

Medicine
the science concerned with maintaining health and restoring it by treating disease

Metallography
The study of the crystalline structures of metals and alloys.

Metallurgy
The process of extracting metals from their ores.

Meteorology
The science of the atmosphere and its phenomena.

Metrology
The scientific study of weights and measures.

Microbiology
The study of minute living organisms, including bacteria, molds and pathogenic protozoa.

Mineralogy
the study of the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals

Moleccular biology
The study of the structure of the molecules which are of importance in biology.

Morphology
The science of organic forms and structures.

Mycology
The study of fungi and fungus diseases.

Nuclear physics
the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom

Neurology
The study of the nervous system, its functions and its disorders.

Neuropathology
The study of diseases of the nervous system.

Numerology
The study of numbers.

Numismatics
The study of coins and medals.

Different Branches of Science “O”

Oceanography
study of the earth’s oceans and their interlinked ecosystems and chemical and physical processes

Odontography
A description of the teeth.

Odontology
The scientific study of the teeth.

Optics
The study of nature and properties of light.

Organic chemistry
the branch of chemistry dedicated to the study of the structures, synthesis, and reactions of carbon-containing compounds

Ornithology
The study of birds.

Orthoepy
The study of correct pronunciation.

Orthopedics
The science of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal systems.

Osteology
The study of the bones.

Osteopathology
Any disease of bones.

Osteopathy
A therapeutic system based upon detecting and correcting faulty structure.

Different Branches of Science “P”

Paleobotany
The study of fossil plants.

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Paleontology
The study of fossils.

Palynology
The pollen analysis.

Pathology
The study of diseases.

Pedagogy
The art or method of teaching.

Petrology
The geological and chemical study of rocks

Pharyngology
Study of pharynx and its diseases.

Phenology
Study of periodicity phenomena of plants.

Philately
The collection and study of postage stamps, revenue stamps, etc.

Philology
The study of written records, their authenticity, etc.

Phonetics
The study of speech sounds and the production, transmission, reception, etc.

Photobiology
The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms.

Phenology
The study of the faculties and qualities of minds from the shape of the skull.

Phthisiology
The scientific study of tuberculosis.

Phycology
The study of algae.

Physical science
The study of natural laws and processes other than those peculiar to living matters, as in physics, chemistry and astronomy.

Physics
The study of the properties of matter.

Physiography
The science of physical geography.

Physiology
The study of the functioning of the various organs of living beings.

Phytogeny
Origin and growth of plants.

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Pomology
Study of fruits & fruit growing.

Psychology
Study of human and animal behaviour.

Different Branches of Science “R / S”

Radio astronomy
The study of heavenly bodies by the reception and analysis of the radio frequency electromagnetic radiations which they emit or reflect.

Radiobiology
The branch of biology which deals with the effects of radiations on living organisms.

Radiology
The study of X-rays and radioactivity.

Rheology
The study of the deformation and flow of matter.

Seismology
The study of earthquakes and the phenomena associated with it.

Selenology
The scientific study of moon, its nature, origin, movements, etc.

Sericulture
The raising of silk worms for the production of raw silk.

Sociology
The study of human society.

Spectroscope
The study of matter and energy by the use of spectroscope.

Different Branches of Science “T/U/V/W/X/Y/Z”

Teleology
These study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature.

Telepathy
Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception.

Therapeutics
The science and art of healing.

Thermodynamics
the physics of energy, heat, work, entropy and the spontaneity of processes

Topography
A special description of a part or region

Taxicology
The study of poisons.

Virology
The study of viruses.

Zoology
The study of animal life.


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