World General Knowledge

Military Operations and Code Names (Pakistan and World)

Military Operations Code Names (Pakistan and World)
Written by CSS Times

Pakistan: Major Military Operations

  • Operation Rah-i-Haq-I in Swat valley and Shangla district (2007)
  • Operation Rah-i-Haq-II in Swat valley and Shangla (2008)
  • Operation Sirat-i-Mustaqeem in Khyber Agency (2008)
  • Operation Sherdil jointly launched with Frontier Corps in Bajaur Agency (2008)
  • Operation Rah-i-Haq-III in Swat valley and Shangla (2009)
  • Operation Black Thunderstorm in Buner, Lower Dir and Shangla district (2009)
  • Operation Brekhna in Mohmand Agency (2009)
  • Operation Rah-i-Rast, commonly known as Swat Operation, (2009)
  • Operation Rah-i-Nijat in South Waziristan (2009)
  • Operation Raddul Fasaad’ (2017)
  • Khyber was the code-name for a military offensive conducted by Pakistan’s military in the Khyber Agency in four phases; Khyber-1, Khyber-2, Khyber-3 and Khyber-4. October 2014 – 21 August 2017

Operation Pig Bristle (1946)

Military Operations and Code Names (Pakistan and World)

Operation Pig Bristle was an unusual transport task conducted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) in May 1946. The operation was ordered by the Australian Government in response to a national shortage of paint brushes, which was hindering house-building efforts. No. 38 Squadron of the RAAF was given the task of transporting 25 tonnes of pig bristles from Chongqing in China to Hong Kong, from where the bristles were shipped to Australia. The squadron completed this task over a two-week period.

Operation Atilla (1974)

Military Operations - Operation Atilla

On 14 August 1974 the Turks launched their second phase in the invasion of Cyprus that led them to conquer 40% of the island.

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Operasi Seroja- Operation Lotus (1975-1977)

Military Operations - Operasi Seroja- Operation Lotus

The Indonesian invasion of East Timor, known in Indonesia as Operation Lotus began on 7 December 1975, when the Indonesian military invaded East Timor under the pretext of anti-colonialism. The overthrowing of a popular and briefly Fretilin-led government later sparked a violent quarter-century occupation in which between approximately 100,000–180,000 soldiers and civilians are estimated to have been killed or starved.

Operation Cactus (1988)

Operation Cactus was declared in November 1988. The People’s Liberation Front of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) comprising about 200 Tamil secessionists invaded Maldives.At the request of the President of Maldives, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. Indian Armed Forces launched a military campaign to fight the mercenaries out of Maldives.

Operation Chengiz Khan (1971)

Operation Chengiz Khan Is The Code Name For Pakistan Air Attacks On Indian Airfields. On Evening Of 3rd December 1971, Pakistan Air Force Attacked Forward Air Bases And Radar Installation Of Indian Air Force

Operation Eagle Claw (1980)

In 1980 Carter ordered Operation Eagle Claw, also known as “Operation Evening Light”, a US covert mission intended to break free American spies taken prisoner in Iran.

Operation Earnest Will (1987–88)

By 1984, the bloody war between Iraq and Iran had spilled into the waters of the Persian Gulf. The targets were the oil tankers whose cargoes helped replenish each other’s warchest, and the result was the Tanker War. In late 1986, Kuwait asked the United States to help protect its ships, and within several weeks, the Reagan administration acceded to the request. The U.S. Navy prepared for the world’s largest maritime convoy operation since World War II. It was to be called Operation Earnest Will, and it would involve scores of U.S. warships.

Operation Gibraltar (1965)

Operation Gibraltar was the code name given to the clandestine raids carried out in Indian-occupied Kashmir in July/August 1965, which became the immediate cause of the Pakistan-India War in September

Operation Grand Slam (1965)

Operation Grand Slam was a key operation of the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. It refers to a plan drawn up by the Pakistan Army, in May 1965, to attack the vital Akhnoor Bridge in Jammu and Kashmir.

Operation Meghdoot (1984)

On 13 April 1984, Indian Military’s 4 Kumaon Regiment launched Operation Meghdoot & took control of Siachen Glacier. This is the highest battlefield on earth.

Operation Nimrod (1980)

The Iranian Embassy siege took place from 30 April to 5 May 1980, after a group of six armed men stormed the Iranian embassy in South Kensington, London. On 5th May 1980, the Special Air Service (SAS) stormed the Iranian embassy in London, ending a six-day siege. It was an event that brought together two significant trends of the 20th century – the growing importance of specialist units such as the SAS, and the increasing prevalence of news media directly reporting on military action.

Operation Team Spirit (1976–1993)

The Team Spirit exercise, held between 1976 and 1993 by the U.S. and South Korean militaries, was canceled in hopes North Korea would abandon its nuclear program and allow international inspections. Team Spirit continued to be scheduled from 1994 to 1996 but was canceled each year as an incentive to improve relations. About 200,000 U.S. and South Korean servicemembers participted in Team Spirit.

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Operation Dwarka (1965)

Operation Dwarka was a naval operation commenced by the Pakistan Navy to attack the Indian coastal town of Dwarka on 7 September 1965.

Operation Storm-333 (1979)

Operation Storm-333 (Шторм-333, Shtorm-333) was an operation that took place on 27 December 1979, in which Soviet Union forces stormed the Tajbeg Palace in Afghanistan and captured Afghan President Hafizullah Amin. An unknown number of Afghan palace guards were killed while 150 were captured. Amin’s 11-year-old son died from shrapnel wounds. The Soviets installed Babrak Karmal as Amin’s successor.

Operation Danube (1968)

Operation Danube was a joint Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. The invasion’s goal was to strengthen the authority of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and about 250,000 Warsaw Pact troops participated in the invasion.

Operation Banner (1969–2007)

Operation Banner, the British army’s longest continuous campaign. The military operation to assist the police began in Northern Ireland when the Troubles flared up, in 1969. In total, 763 soldiers would go on to die as a direct result of terrorism in the conflict with republican paramilitaries. During the course of the operation, the army was also accused of murdering civilians, including the 13 who were shot dead on Bloody Sunday in 1972. A normal peacetime garrison of around 5,000 troops will stay in Northern Ireland.

Operation Pluto (1961)

The original Cuban invasion plan, authorized by President John F. Kennedy on January 28, 1961, was code named Operation Pluto.

Operation Anadyr (1962)

Operation Anadyr was the code name used by the Soviet Union for its Cold War secret operation in 1962 of deploying ballistic missiles, medium-range bombers, and a division of mechanized infantry to Cuba to create an army group that would be able to prevent an invasion of the island by United States forces.

Operation Urgent Fury (1983)

In 1983 the United States invaded the island of Grenada and Overthrew the communist government in favor of a pro-Western one in a span of less than two months.

Operation Just Cause (1989)

On December 20, 1989, the United States broke both international law and its own government policies by invading Panama in order to bring its President Manuel Noriega to justice for drug trafficking.

Operation Argus (1959)

Operation Argus was the only clandestine test series in the 17 year history of atmospheric testing. It was secretly conducted in the South Atlantic, 1100 miles southwest of Capetown, South Africa.

Operation Cyclone (1979)

Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) program to arm and finance the Jihad warriors, mujahideen, in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, prior to and during the military intervention by the USSR in support of its client, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

Operation El Dorado Canyon (1986)

On April 14, 1986, the United States launches air strikes against Libya in retaliation for the Libyan sponsorship of terrorism against American troops and citizens.

Operation Blue Hearts (1950)

During the Korean War, Operation Bluehearts was the American amphibious landing conducted at P’ohang-dong on 18 July 1950 by the First Cavalry Division.

Operation Arc Light (1965)

Operation Arc Light was the code name given to the use of US B-52 strategic bombers in in Vietnam

Operation Safed Sager (1999)

Employing the Indian Air Force in the 1999 Kargil War was an audacious decision of the Indian Government taken on May 25, 1999. Air Strikes began on May 26, 1999 over the icy heights of Kargil sector.

Operation Pawan (1987)

Operation Pawan was declared to take the control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987. It was a codename assigned to the operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord.

Operation Unified Protector (2011)

NATO took control of all military operations for Libya under United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1970 & 1973 on 31 March 2011. Operation Unified Protector consisted of three elements: an arms embargo, a no-fly-zone and actions to protect civilians from attack or the threat of attack. This mission ended on 31 October 2011 at 23.59 local Libyan time.

Operation Joint Endeavor (December 1995)

Beginning in December 1995, US and allied nations deployed peacekeeping forces to Bosnia in support of Operation Joint Endeavor. Task Force Eagle, comprised of 20,000 American soldiers, was the US component of NATO’s Implementation Force (IFOR) and was tasked with implementing the military elements of the Dayton Peace Accords in support of Operation Joint Endeavor.

Operation Allied Force (1999)

Operation Allied Force was a NATO contingency response aimed at ensuring full compliance with UN Security Council Resolution 1199, adopted on 23 September 1998. UNSCR 1199 was in response to the Kosovo crisis, which had began in early 1998 when large-scale fighting broke out, resulting in the displacement of some 300,000 people. The crisis had subsequently to a ceasefire agreement in October 1998, which subsequently broke down, followed by peace talks in Paris in the spring of 1999, which also subsequently broke down.

Operation Essential Harvest (2001)

Operation “Essential Harvest” was officially launched on 22 August and effectively started on 27 August. This 30-day mission involved the sending of approximately 3500 NATO troops, with logistical support, to disarm ethnic Albanian groups and destroy their weapons.

Operation Desert Shield (1990–1991)

— American buildup prior to Gulf War In the last months of 1990, the United States participated in the defense of Saudi Arabia in a deployment known as Operation Desert Shield. Over 500,000 American troops were placed in Saudi Arabia in case of an Iraqi attack on the Saudis.

Operation Desert Storm (1991)

On 17 January 1991, when it became clear that Saddam would not withdraw, Desert Shield became Desert Storm.

Operation Provide Comfort (1991–1996)

The term Operation Provide Comfort (sometimes called Operation Poised Hammer in Turkey) was used to refer to both the U.S.-led humanitarian operations that enabled the Kurdish refugees to return to their homes in a safe haven in northern Iraq after their failed uprising in March 1991 and the allied (largely United States) planes that enforced the no-fly zone over northern Iraq.

Operation Desert Strike (1996)

The 1996 cruise missile strikes on Iraq, codenamed Operation Desert Strike, were joint United States Navy-Air Force strikes conducted on 3 September against air defense targets in southern Iraq, in response to an Iraqi offensive in the Kurdish Civil War.

Operation Desert Fox (1998)

American Air Force, Naval, and Marine aircraft, the British RAF, and Tomahawk cruise missiles were launched against military targets in Iraq from 16 to 19 December 1998. The official explanation for this four-day attack was that it was retaliation for Iraq’s refusal to allow the inspection of sites as stated in the United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, agreed upon at the end of the Persian Gulf War. The name of this operation was Desert Fox.

Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001-2014)

Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the official name used by the U.S. government for the Global War on Terrorism between 2001 and 2014. After 13 years, on December 28, 2014, President Barack Obama announced the end of Operation Enduring Freedom.

Operation Freedom’s Sentinel (2015 –present)

OEF was replaced immediately by Operation Freedom’s Sentinel (OFS), otherwise known as the new US mission in Afghanistan. US forces with OFS will also work as part of the new NATO-led Operation Resolute Support, providing the bulk of that operation’s 12,000 total troops this year and thousands more in 2016.

Operation Noble Eagle (2001)

Operation Noble Eagle, the military’s Homeland Defense mission, officially began on September 12, 2001, the day after the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Air National Guard, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy fighters began flying combat air patrol missions over major cities and critical infrastructure locations such as power plants, bridges, airports, and port facilities across the United States.

Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines (2002)

Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines or Operation Freedom Eagle was part of Operation Enduring Freedom and the global War on Terror. The Operation targeted the various Jihadist terror groups operating in the country.

Operation Bali Assist (2002)

Operation Bali Assist was the Australian Defence Force evacuation of injured Australians and other foreign nationals after the Bali terrorist bombing. This operation was the largest Australian aeromedical evacuation since the Vietnam War. It relied on military and civilian cooperation to move the critically injured initially from Denpasar to Darwin, and then on to specialist units around Australia.

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CSS Times

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