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April 05, 2022: National / International Current Affairs
1. Imran suggests former CJP for caretaker PM slot
• Following the dissolution of the National Assembly and the de-notification of Imran Khan as prime minister, President Arif Alvi officially held through a letter on April 4, 2022 that Mr Khan would continue to hold office of prime minister in the interim period, until the appointment of a caretaker premier under Article 224 of the Constitution.
• The letter, which was sent to the secretaries of cabinet division and parliamentary affairs, apart from Mr Khan and former opposition leader in the National Assembly Shehbaz Sharif, stated that a `caretaker prime minister shall be appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister and leader of the opposition in the outgoing national assembly as per Article 224(1A) of the Constitution of Pakistan
2. General elections not possible in three months, says ECP
• The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has expressed its inability to conduct general elections within three months, citing various legal hitches and procedural challenges as the reason.
• A senior official of the ECP told that the preparations for the general elections would require some six months. He said fresh delimitation of constituencies, particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa where the number of seats had been increased under the 26th Amendment, and bringing district and constituency-wise electoral rolls in conformity were the major challenges.
3. Fund facility `virtually paused as IMF awaits new govt
• After the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government came to a sudden and premature end, leaving the country in a constitutional vacuum and economic uncertainty, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme with Pakistan is expected to hit another `pause`.
• Esther Perez Ruiz, IMF`s resident representative in Islamabad, told Dawn that the fund would engage with the new government once it was formed.
• The fund`s $6bn Extended Fund Facility (EFF) for Pakistan had already hit a deadlock earlier this month when beleaguered Prime Minister Imran Khan announced a major relief package involving a tax amnesty scheme and energy price cuts, seen by the IMF staff mission as a reversal of agreed reform measures introduced in the mini-budget to revive the programme after months of virtual suspension
4. PPA, UN bodies jointly formulate oxygen therapy guideline for children
• With Pakistan`s under-five mortality rate standing at 55 out of 1,000 live births, the oxygen therapy guideline for children has been developed for the first time in the history of the country.
• The guideline has been developed by the Pakistan Paediatrics Association (PPA) with the collaboration of United Nations Children`s Education Fund (Unicef), World Health Organisation and Health Services Academy (HSA).
• According to HSA Vice Chancellor Dr Shahzad Ali Khan, `there was no oxygen guideline in the country and health specialists used to provide oxygen as per estimations. A few years ago, the Supreme Court, while hearing a case regarding stents, had observed that societies of specialists should develop the guidelines for diseases rather than the government. So PPA decided to develop this guideline
5. 99pc of people across globe breathe unhealthy air: WHO
• Almost the entire global population (99 per cent) breathes air that exceeds WHO air quality limits and threatens their health.
• A record number of over 6,000 cities in 117 countries are now monitoring air quality, but people living in them are still breathing unhealthy levels of fine particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide, with people in low and middle income countries suffering the highest exposures.
• The findings have prompted the World Health Organisation (WHO) to highlight the importance of curbing fossil fuel use and taking other tangible steps to reduce air pollution levels