August 2020

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (August 04, 2020) for CSS, PMS

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August 04, 2020: National / International Current Affairs

1. Three top lawyers to assist IHC in Indian spy case

• The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on August 3, 2020 appointed leading lawyers as amici curiae in Indian spy Kulbhushan Jadhav case and asked Attorney General for Pakistan Khalid Jawed Khan to once again seek response from the Indian government and the spy regarding appointment of counsel for his defence.
• The IHC division bench comprising Chief Justice Athar Minallah and Justice Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb warned against issuing unnecessary statements in this case as the court observed `everyone must keep in mind right to fair trial while issuing statement related to Jadhav`.
• `We appoint Mr Abid Hassan Manto, Mr Hamid Khan, Senior Advocates of the Supreme Court and former presidents of the Supreme Court Bar Association, and Mr Makhdoom Ali Khan, Senior Advocate Supreme Court and former Attorney General of Pakistan, as amici curiae for our legal assistance in general and, in particular, to ensure that the judgement of the International Court is effectively implemented,` the court order said.


2. PM`s charity hospital chief appointed aide on health

• Prime Minister Imran Khan on August 3, 2020 appointed Dr Faisal Sultan as his special assistant on health with the status of federal minister days after the resignation of Dr Zafar Mirza amid declining number of coronavirus cases.
• Dr Sultan, who has already been serving as PM`s focal person on Covid-19 besides heading Shuakat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (the charity hospital founded by Mr Khan) as its chief executive officer, is expected to take the charge of his office on Tuesday (today).
• According to a notification of the cabinet division, signed by Joint Secretary Taimor Tajammul and available with Dawn, PM Khan appointed Dr Sultan as special assistant to the prime minister on health with the status of a federal minister, with immediate effect


3. World Bank approves $400m projects

• The World Bank has approved two projects for Pakistan worth $400 million one for supporting measures being taken to reduce food insecurity caused by locust swarms and the other for actions required to restore educational activities in schools which have been closed because of the Covid-19 outbreak.
• The financing of $200m for the `Locust Emergency and Food Security Project` will support emergency actions to control the locust outbreak and prevent further spread across Pakistan and South Asia region.
• Out of the total project cost of $200m, $125m will be financed through the regional International Development Association (IDA), according to the project document.


4. Pakistan to reopen Chaman border crossing today

• Pakistan has decided to reopen its border with Afghanistan at Chamanon August 4, 2020 (today).
• The decision was taken on Monday at a flag meeting of military commanders of the two countries held at the Friendship Gate on the Pak-Afghan border.
• Pakistan closed this border on Thursday last after violent incidents in Chaman that claimed at least seven lives, including that of a woman, and left 31 others injured.


5. World Bank appoints director for Pakistan

• The World Bank (WB) on August 3, 2020 announced appointed Najy Benhassine as new country director for Pakistan.
• Mr. Najy Benhassine is the World Bank`s new country director for Pakistan effective Aug 1, said WB press statement.
• He succeeds Illango Patchamuthu, who completed his term on July 31.
• Benhassine most recently served as regional director for equitable growth, finance and institutions in the Middle East and North Africa


6. Postal stamp issued to honour Kashmiris` sacrifices

• Minister for Information and Broadcasting Shibli Faraz on August 3, 2020 unveiled a commemorative postal stamp to honour the sacrifices rendered by the people of India-occupied Kashmir and to highlight one year of illegal annexad on of Jammu and Kashmir by the fascist Modi government.
• Addressing a press conference along with Minister for Communications and Postal Services Murad Saeed, the information minister said that the commemorative stamp was aimed at sensitising the world about the atrocities being perpetrated by India in occupied Kashmir.
• He said the issuance of the postage stamp was symbolic step that would send a strong message to the international community


7. WHO warns there may never be a Covid-19 `silver bullet`

• The World Health Organisation said on August 3, 2020 it had completed the groundwork in China to probe the origins of the new coronavirus as it warned there might never be a `silver bullet` for Covid-19.
• WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus urged governments and citizens to focus on known basic steps to suppress the pandemic, such as testing, contact tracing, maintaining physical distance and wearing a mask.
• `We all hope to have a number of effective vaccines that can help prevent people from infection,`Tedros told a virtual press conference. `However, there`s no silver bullet at the moment and there might never be


8. SpaceX brings astronauts home in milestone mission

• US astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, who flew to the International Space Station in SpaceX`s new Crew Dragon, splashed down in the Gulf of Mexico on August 2, 2020 after a twomonth voyage that was NASA`s first crewed mission from home soil in nine years.
• Behnken and Hurley, tallying 64 days in space, undocked from the station on Saturday and returned home to land their capsule in calm waters off Florida`s Pensacola coast on schedule at 2:48pm. ET following a 21-hour overnight journey aboard Crew Dragon `Endeavor`.
• `This has been quite an odyssey,` Hurley told senior NASA and SpaceX officials at a homecoming ceremony at NASA`s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas


9. Irish leader who helped craft 1998 agreement dies at 83

• John Hume, the Nohhern Irish politician who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998 for his pivotal role in ending decades of violence in the British province, has died aged 83, his family announced on August 3, 2020.
• Hume, the former leader of the mainly Catholic Social Democratic and Labour Pany (SDLP), shared the Nobel with David Trimble of the Ulster Unionist Party after the pair helped forge the 1998 Good Friday peace agreement.
• It helped to end three decades of bloody strife in Northern Ireland between the largely Catholic nationalist community who want to reunify with Ireland and Protestant unionists who want to remain pan of Britain. `We are deeply saddened to announce that John passed away peacefully in the early hours of the morning after a short illness, Hume`s family said in a statement


10. Blazing Bairstow power England to ODI series triumph over Ireland

• A `revved up` Jonny Bairstow put the disappointment of his Test axe behind him as he equalled the England record for the fastest One-day International fifty during the world champions` fou rwicket, series-clinching, win over Ireland in Saturday`s second match at the Ageas Bowl.
• Bairstow`s 21-ball half-century equalled skipper Eoin Morgan`s mark against Australia at Nottingham two years ago and he went on to make a dashing 82.
• With England`s red and white-ball fixtures overlapping, they are operating two separate squads with the first Test against Pakistan at Old Trafford starting on Wednesday


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