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December 12, 2022: National Current Affairs MCQs
1. `Unprovoked` shelling by Afghan forces kills seven at Chaman
• At least seven people lost their lives and 16 others suffered injuries on December 11, 2022 in Chaman, which came under heavy gunfire and artillery shelling by Afghan border forces, the military`s media wing said.
• Pakistani troops retaliated against the `unprovoked and indiscriminate` fire, the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) said in a statement, without giving details of any losses on the other side.
• The ISPR described the incident as `uncalled-for aggression` and said Pakistani troops had given a `befitting` but `measured response` and avoided targeting civilians on the other side
2. $900m okayed for Chilean firm to exit Reko Diq
• After the Supreme Court endorsed a settlement deal worth over $6.5 billion last week, the government on December 11, 2022 approved a payment of more than $900 million to the Chilean firm Antofagasta over six years to exit the Reko Dig project.
• The committee also green-lighted about$1.91bn shareholder financing by state owned enterprises (SOEs) to take the gold and copper mining project forward.
• The decisions were taken at a special meeting of the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) of the cabinet presided over by Finance Minister Ishaq Dar through video link from Lahore to meet deadlines for an out-of-court settlement with the Tethyan Copper Company to avoid a looming $10bn international arbitration award. The `definitive agreements` are ready to be signed by Dec 15 under the settlement deal
3. Rs250m announced for flood-affected polio workers
• The government has announced Rs250 million as compensation for 12,500 polio workers who were affected by the recent catastrophic floods.
• In a statement, federal Health Minister Abdul Qadir Patel hailed the services of polio workers, who despite suffering losses due to the catastrophic floods, continued to assist with relief activities.
• `I salute your courage and passion.
• Despite suffering losses, you came to the aid of your fellow citizens and supported the government in flood relief operations,` he said
4. ADB approves $189m to restore damaged transmission lines
• The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved $189 million loan for construction of high-voltage transmission infrastructure and procurement of materials required for asset management and reduction of transmission system constraints.
• The loan will support National Transmission and Despatch Company (NTDC) in meeting growing electricity demand efficiently and reliably at the load centres of Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa through the construction of the transmission network and augmentation of existing substations.
• In addition, the equipment and goods to be procured for the project will be used to restore transmission lines damaged by recent floods and other damages identified in the disaster recovery framework under preparation by the government with support from the ADB, World Bank, EU and the UN
5. Police Order 2002 enforced in Islamabad after 20 years
• After Punjab, the Police Order 2002 has also been enforced in Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), following the orders of Supreme Court of Pakistan and the Islamabad High Court (IHC), removing the 20-year-old controversies surrounding the bureaucratic hurdles.
• Though some salient features of the police order are still under process, it has largely been enforced in the federal capital.
• However, the magistrates shall continue retaining their powers and police shall work closely for judicial matters as per the CrPC