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November 20, 2022: National Current Affairs
1. Climate fund breakthrough offers hope at COP27
• COP27 host Egypt scrambled to salvage the UN climate talks on November 19, 2022 with the European Union and Pakistan signalling a breakthrough over the contentious issue of `loss and damage` funding for climate vulnerable nations.
• Talks stalled over the terms under which wealthy polluters provide `loss and damage` funding for countries wracked by climate disasters, as well as over ratcheting up ambition in tackling global warming.
• After the EU roundly rejected a document shown by Egypt overnight because of concerns it was weak on curbing emissions, a source from the bloc said at least the loss and damage issue was `agreed` as far as it was concerned. The agreement was still subject to confirmation at a closing meeting
2. GB cabinet allows HEC to conduct tests for govt jobs
• Gilgit-Baltistan cabinet on November 19, 2022 decided to conduct tests for recruitments on all gazetted posts in the region and approved an education package for Diamer district.
• The meeting, headed by Chief Minister Khalid Khurshid Khan, decided to conduct tests through Education Testing Council (ETC) of the HEC to ensure transparency in the appointment process.
• Chief Secretary Mohyuddin Ahmad Wani said the cabinet has given the nod to conduct tests with the help of ETC to ensure meritocracy. He said ETC will be responsible to conduct tests for the recruitment of revenue staff, police, education officers and personnel for other departments
3. Pakistan seeks world help for revival of Afghan economy
• Pakistan has urged the international community to help revive the Afghan economy and immediately provide $4.2 billion to the war-torn country for meeting its humanitarian needs.
• `We need to revive the Afghan economy its banking system and for that purpose the Afghan assets which are held abroad need to be injected back into the Afghan financial system,` Ambassador Munir Akram said on Friday.
• He urged the international community also to fulfil the UN secretary-general`s appeal for $4.2bn in humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan
4. Afghan border remains shut; no headway in official talks
• The Pakistan Afghan border at Chaman, Balochistan, remained closed for another day after a flag meeting at Friendship Gate between officials from both sides failed to evolve a consensus over the reopening of the crossing.
• On Sunday, the border at Chaman had been closed for an indefinite period after an armed suspect from the Afghan side opened fire on Pakistani security personnel at Friendship Gate, resulting in the martyrdom of one soldier and injuries to two.
• During the flag meeting, the Pakistani officials, including Chaman DC Abdul Hameed Zehri, discussed with Afghan government officials the need for a `joint mechanism` to put an end to incidents of violence at the border. Pakistan also suggested joint interrogations by both sides to nab the accused involved in Sunday`s shooting
5. UK will support Kyiv `until Ukraine has won`: Sunak
• British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak on November 19, 2022 used his first visit to Kyiv to pledge support to Ukraine, offering a major new air defence package as the country celebrated retaking the southern city of Kherson. `I am here today to say that the UK will continue to stand with you until Ukraine has won the peace and security it needs and deserves,` Sunak said in a press conference with President Volodymyr Zelensky.
• The British leader announced a new air defence package worth 50 million ($60 million).
• This comprises `125 anti aircraft guns and technology to counter deadly Iranian supplied drones, including dozens of radars and anti drone electronic warfare capability,` according to a Downing Street statement