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November 21, 2022: National Current Affairs MCQs
1. Historic accord to fund climate damages struck
• A fraught climate summit wrapped up on November 20, 2022 with a landmark deal on funding to help vulnerable countries cope with devastating impacts of global warming with Pakistan hailing the outcome as it noted that the UN conference had responded to the `voices of the damaged`.
• However, the two-week talks in Egypt`s Red Sea resort of Sharm el Sheikh also underlined anger over a failure to push further ambition on cutting emissions.
• The negotiations, which at times appeared to teeter on the brink of collapse, delivered a major breakthrough on a fund for climate `loss and damage`.
• Climate Minister Sherry Rehman said the COP27 had `responded to the voices of the vulnerable, the damaged and the lost of the whole world`
2. Three soldiers hurt in firing from across Afghan border
• Pakistan`s security forces and the Afghan Taliban exchanged fire along the border in Kurram tribal district on November 20, 2022 after Afghan authorities started construction activities inside Pakistani territory.
• According to officials, three soldiers were wounded in cross-border firing. Residential areas also came under fire along the border on the Pakistan side, leaving two children injured.
• They said clashes erupted near Kherlachi and Borki areas, two villages in Kurram district that border Afghanistan`s Paktia province, on Saturday night after Taliban, along with residents of Danda-Pattan, crossed into Pakistani territory to construct a road
3. 21 nations urge India to ensure religious freedom
• At least 21 countries have urged India to improve its protection of freedom of religion and rights of religious minorities.
• Others have raised concerns over increasing violence and hate speech and the government`s adoption of discriminatory policies such as `anti-conversion` laws.
• In a joint statement issued this weekend, six international human rights groups reminded New Delhi that it still needs to implement that recommendations that are part of a recent UN report on India.
• The recommendations cover a range of key concerns including the protection of minority communities and vulnerable groups, tackling gender-based violence, upholding civil society freedoms, protecting human rights defenders, and ending torture in custody
4. For US, Pakistan remains key regional ally, India global partner
• India is a global partner while Pakistan is a valuable partner in a sensitive region, says the US State Department while explaining its relations with the two South Asian nations.
• `India is an invaluable partner, not just in the region but as it relates to a lot of the United States` shared priorities across the world,` said the department`s Principal Deputy Spokesperson Vedant Patel while commenting on Washington`s ties with New Delhi.
• US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Indian External Affairs Minister S.
• Jaishankar `remain in close touch as they need to`
5. Balochistan`s train link with country restored after three months
• Three months after devastating floods damaged the railway infrastructure in Balochistan, Pakistan Railways on November 20, 2022 restored train operations linking the province with Sindh, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
• Jaffar Express became the first train to leave Mach railway station at 11am, carrying 261 passengers. The train will reach Peshawar via Sibi, Jacobabad, Sukkur, Rohri, Multan, Lahore and Rawalpindi.
• Previously, Jaffar Express used to run between Quetta and Peshawar via Mach. However, the track between Quetta and Mach a stretch of around 50km has been rendered useless since a key bridge at Harak in Bolan Pass was washed away by floods earlier this year.
• A senior PR official also told Dawn the rehabilitation of the bridge between Quetta and Mach was being fast-tracked but it may take up to two months to reopen the section, which further extends to Karachi