October 2021

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (October 26, 2021) for CSS, PMS

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October 26, 2021: National / International Current Affairs


1. FSC declares swara as un-Islamic

• The Federal Shariat Court (FSC) has declared the custom of swara as un-Islamic.
• A three-judge bench, headed by FSC Chief Justice Noor Mohammad Meskenzai, observed that the tradition of giving away a minor girl to settle disputes was against the injunctions of Islam.
• Taking up a petition filed by one Sakeena Bibi, the bench held that Ulema had developed a consensus that vani, or swara, was against the teachings of Islam.


2. Medical, nursing college to be set up in Islamabad`s G-7 sector

• The city managers on October 25, 2021 decided in principle to establish a medical and nursing college at G-7 which will be affiliated with the Capital Hospital at G-6.
• CDA Chairman Amer Ali Ahmed along with other officers visited Capital Hospital, also known as CDA Hospital, to inspect ongoing work on the construction of a new block.
• The CDA chief inspected the block which is near completion and ordered for the addition of two more blocks.
• He also issued directions to set up a medical and nursing college for the CDA Hospital


3. First women-run police station opens in Rawalakot

• Azad Jammu and Kashmir`s (AJK) first women-run police station opened in Rawalakot on October 25, 2021 with an aim to build confidence of women seeking redressal of any kind of injustice or legal advice.
• Inspector General of Police (IGP) Dr Sohail Habib Tajik told Dawn that initially the station was provided with an 11-member team, led by Sub-Inspector Zahida Hanif as station house officer (SHO).
• In response to a question, Mr Tajik said officials at the station would investigate complaints about harassment of women in workplaces or educational institutions, cyber stalking, child abuse, domestic issues mainly violence, civil issues including property disputes as well as cases in which females were the accused


4. Facebook spreads hate, insider tells British lawmakers

• Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen told UK lawmakers on Monday that posting content featuring anger and hate `is the easiest way to grow` on the social media platform as she urged better regulation.
• Haugen, who earlier this year shared a trove of internal documents alleging Facebook knew its products were harming children`s mental health, argued the plat form was `unquestionably` fuelling hate.
• Haugen said Facebook used `engagement based rankings` prioritizing them ostclicked and invariably divisive content.


5. Sudan military dismisses govt after coup

• Sudan`s top general declared a state of emergency, dissolved the authorities leading country`s democratic transition, and announced the formation of a new government after soldiers detained civilian leaders on Monday in what activists denounced as a `coup`.
• General Abdel Fattah al Burhan`s announcement in a televised address came after armed forces detained figures of the government in charge of leading the transition to democracy since the April 2019 ouster of autocratic president Omar al Bashir.
• `To rectify the revolution`s course, we have decided to declare a state of emergency nationwide


6. Greenhouse gas levels reach record high, says UN

• Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere reached record levels last year, the United Nations said on October 25, 2021 in a stark warning ahead of the COP26 summit about worsening global warming.
• The UN`s blunt report comes as British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the COP26 host, said he was `very worried` that the 12-day climate talks could go awry.
• `I`m very worried because it might go wrong… it`s touch and go,` Johnson said.
• `It`s very, very far from clear that we`ll get the progress that we need,` he said, though he remained hopeful a deal can be done to reduce carbon emissions and limit future temperature rises


7. 129-year journey nears end as France returns Benin treasures

• In a decision with potential ramifications across European museums, France is displaying 26 looted colonial-era artifacts for one last time before returning them home to Benin.
• The wooden anthropomorphic statues, royal thrones and sacred altars were pilfered by the French army in the 19th century from western Africa. The French will have a final glimpse of the objects, from the collection known as the Abomey Treasures, in the Muse du quai Branly Jacques Chirac from Tuesday through Sunday.


8. UAE`s air force chief to witness Israel`s largest-ever exercise

• Israel is holding its largest-ever air force exercise this week, joined by several Western countries and India, with the United Arab Emirates`s air force chief set to inspect the drills.
• Amir Lazar, chief of Israeli air force operations, told reporters the drills `don`t focus on Iran`, but army officials have said the Islamic republic remains Israel`s top strategic threat and at the centre of much of its military planning.
• Israel has held the so-called `Blue Flag` exercises every two years since 2013 in the Negev desert. Some preliminary exercises began last week


9. Uzbekistan leader scores easy win in elections

• Uzbekistan`s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev cruised to victory on October 25, 2021 in an election monitors ruled was `not truly competitive` despite some reforms in the authoritarian Central Asian state.
• The vote on Sunday saw no real opposition candidates challenge Mirziyoyev, who came to power in 2016 after the death of his mentor, dictator Islam Karimov, who ruled Uzbekistan for 27 years.
• The Central Election Commission said Mirziyoyev had taken 80.1 percent of the vote, according to a preliminary count


10. Mujeeb, Rashid spin Afghans to huge win over Scotland

• Afghanistan appeared unperturbed by their uncertain future in international cricket as Mohammad Nabi`s men dished out a 130-run shellacking to Scotland in Group 2 at the Twenty20 World Cup on October 25, 2021.
• None of the recent upheavals seemed to affect Afghanistan as their muscular top order fired them to an imposing 190-4 in their opening Super 12 stage match at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium.
• Spin duo Mujeeb Ur Rahman, who grabbed career-best figures of 5-20, and Rashid Khan (4-9) then combined to demolish Scotland for 60 in 10.2 overs to maintain Afghanistan`s 100 percent victory record against them in this format.


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