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September 04, 2022: National / International Current Affairs
1. Amnesty asks India to end oppression in held Kashmir
• Amnesty International has called on the Indian government to end the repression of rights in India-held Kashmir (IHK), release those arbitrarily detained and ensure they are tried promptly and fairly in a regular court.
• The AI urged the international community to hold India accountable for human rights violations.
• The AI in its report, titled `We are being punished by the law: Three years since abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu & Kashmir` stated that the Indian government`s efforts to put in place unlawful surveillance measures, arbitrary detention, and restrictions to freedom of expression and simultaneously conceal its actions in occupied Jammu and Kashmir clearly violated international human rights law
2. `Hub` becomes 35th district of Balochistan
• The Balochistan government on September 3, 2022 notified Hub district, taking the total number of districts in the province to 35.
• The new district has been carved after the bifurcation of Lasbela district. The decision in this regard was taken by the provincial cabinet two months back.
• A notification issued by Board of Revenue said, `Under Section 6 ofBalochistan Land Revenue Act, 1967(Act XVII of 1967), the government of Balochistan is pleased to create a new district to be called Hub with headquarters at Hub by dividing/bifurcating the existing district Lasbela.
• The new district comprises Hub, Dureji and Sonmiani (Winder) subdivisions, and the modified Lasbela now comprises Bela, Uthal and Kanraj subdivisions with headquarters at Uthal
3. China, UK pledge aid for flood-hit areas
• As relief efforts in flood-hit areas pick up pace, more countries, international agencies, charities and private corporations have pledged aid for the people who have been displaced.
• The Chinese government has announced providing additional flood relief items worth RMB 300 million.
• In a tweet, China International Development Cooperation Agency Chairman Luo Zhaohui said, `At this difficult time when Pakistan is suffering from major floods, China shares the difficulties of Pakistan, and we are ready to support our iron brothers within our capacity.
• Last week, the country donated 100m RMB worth of emergency relief supplies
4. Former Kyrgyzstan president named UN envoy to Afghanistan
• United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres has named former Kyrgyzstan president Roza Otunbayeva as the UN`s new special representative for Afghanistan, his office said.
• Otunbayeva became interim president of Kyrgyzstan in April 2010 after a bloody uprising forced thenleader Kurmanbek Bakiyev into exile. She relinquished power the following year after new elections were organised.
• A former parliamentarian and government minister, she was also a deputy special representative of the former UN mission to Georgia. She is currently a member of a high-level UN council dealing with the mediation and prevention of conflicts.
• She is replacing another woman, Canadian Deborah Lyons, as head of the UN mission in Afghanistan, where the rights of women and girls have been drastically curtailed since the Taliban`s return to power last year.
• Separately, Guterres appointed Senegalese diplomat Abdoulaye Bathily as the UN`s envoy to Libya following a recent outbreak of fighting between rival governments
5. Al Qaeda in Yemen releases video of kidnapped UN worker
• Al Qaeda`s Yemen branch released a video on Saturday showing a United Nations worker who was abducted in the war-torn country more than six months ago, the SITE Intelligence Group reported.
• Five UN staff members were kidnapped in Yemen`s southern province of Abyan in February while returning to the port city of Aden `after having completed a field mission,` UN spokesperson Eri Kaneko said at the time.
• In Saturday`s video message, apparently recorded on August 9, Akam Sofyol Anam, identified by SITE as Bangladeshi, urges `the UN, the international community, the humanitarian organisations, to please come forward and meet the demands of my captors`, without outlining the demands