September 2022

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (September 04, 2022) for CSS, PMS

6. Russia, West step up energy war

• Stepping up an energy war between Russia and the West, Moscow has announced it will keep its main gas pipeline to Germany shut and G7 countries said they planned a price cap on Russian oil exports.
• The standoff over Russian gas and oil exports is a fallout from President Vladimir Putin`s six-month invasion of Ukraine, underscoring the deep rift it has caused between Moscow and Western nations.
• Russia`s defence ministry meanwhile accused Ukrainian forces on Saturday of mounting a failed attempt to capture the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant that has been a centre of international concern in recent weeks.
• The ministry said a Ukrainian naval force of more than 250 troops attempted to land on the coast of a lake near the plant, which is Europe`s largest nuclear energy station

7. US angers China with $1.1bn arms sale to Taiwan

• The US State Department has approved a potential $1.1 billion sale of military equipment to Taiwan, including 60 antiship missiles and 100 air-to-air missiles, with China threatening to take counter measures.
• The Pentagon announced the package on Friday in the wake of China`s aggressive military drills around Taiwan following a visit to the island last month by US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the highest-ranking US official to travel to Taipeiin years.
• The sale includes Sidewinder missiles, which can be used for air-to-air and surface-attack missions, at a cost of some $85.6 million, Harpoon anti-ship missiles at an estimated $355 million cost and support for Taiwan`s surveillance radar programme for an estimated $665.4 million, the Pentagon`s Defence Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) said

8. Russia keeps pipeline shut as Gazprom, Siemens Energy wrangle

• Russia kept one of its main gas supply routes to Europe shut on September 3, 2022, stoking fears of winter fuel shortages and spotlighting differences between Gazprom and Germany`s Siemens Energy over repair work on the pipeline.
• Already struggling to tame soaring gas prices, European governments had expected the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to resume flows after a short maintenance this week but Russia abruptly cancelled the restart, citing an oil leak in a turbine.
• Europe has accused Russia of weaponising energy supplies in what Moscow has called an `economic war` with the West over the fallout from Russia`s invasion of Ukraine.
• Moscow blames Western sanctions and technical issues for supply disruptions

9. Militants kill 19 Somali civilians

• Fighters from the Islamist insurgent group Al Shabaab have killed at least 19 civilians in a nighttime attack in central Somalia, clan chiefs and local officials said on September 3, 2022.
• The attack comes two weeks after Al Shabaab, which has waged a long insurgency against the Somali state, besieged a hotel in the capital Mogadishu for 30 hours, leaving 21 people dead and 117 injured.
• The sources said at least eight vehicles were travelling on a road between the towns of Beledweyne and Maxaas when the insurgents intercepted and burned them and killed the passengers overnight Friday to Saturday by Afar-Irdood village

10. Nasa postpones rocket launch to Moon after fuel leak

• Nasa on September 3, 2022 scrapped a second attempt to get its new 30-story rocket off the ground and send its uncrewed test capsule towards the Moon after engineers detected a fuel leak.
• With millions around the globe and hundreds of thousands on nearby beaches waiting for the historic launch of the massive Space Launch System (SLS), a leak near the base of the rocket was found as ultra cold liquid hydrogen was being pumped in.
• `The launch director waived off today`s Artemis I launch,` Nasa said in a statement. `Multiple troubleshooting efforts to address the area of the leak did not fix the issue.
• Though the area around the launch site was closed to the public, an estimated 400,000 people had gathered nearby to see and hear the most powerful vehicle that Nasa has ever launched climb into space

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (September 04, 2022) for CSS, PMS

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