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September 08, 2022: National / International Current Affairs
1. Extra fuel charges in power bills deferred, not waived
• Finance Minister Miftah Ismail said on September 7, 2022 the application of fuel cost adjustment (FCA) on electricity bills had been deferred, not waived, on the orders of the prime minister, but promised that electricity rates and inflation would start declining after a month.
• He was speaking at a joint news conference with Defence Minister Khawaja Muhammad Asif, who said the finance minister would be elected as a senator before the expiry of his six-month term on Oct 16 in recognition of his hard work and tireless efforts to bring back the country from the brink of default and put up a strong defence against criticism.
• As per law, a person can be made a minister for six months and has to get elected as a senator or an MNA after that time
2. PA passes three bills rejected by governor
• The Punjab Assembly on September 7, 2022 reconsidered and passed three bills that had been rejected by the governor and sent back to the assembly secretariat.
• These included the Punjab Commission on Status of Women Bill 2022, Lahore Central Business District Development Authority Amendment Bill 2022, and Ravi Urban Development Authority Amendment Bill 2022.
• The house passed the three bills with a simple majority. Now they will become laws even without signatures of the governor.
3. Pakistan, India and Bangladesh to see 20pc rise in surface ozone levels
• The surface ozone levels can increase by 20 per cent across Pakistan, northern India and Bangladesh by the middle of the century, warns a UN report released on September 7, 2022.
• In its annual report, the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) a UN agency that specialises in climate issues also warned against an expected increase in the frequency, intensity, and duration of heatwaves. The rising heat would worsen air quality harming human health and ecosystems and also increase wildfires across the globe, the report added.
• The UN agency explained that if greenhouse gas emissions remained high causing global temperatures to rise by three degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels by the second half of the 21st century, surface ozone levels (would) increase across heavily polluted areas, particularly in Asia. `This includes a 20pc increase across Pakistan, northern India and Bangladesh, and 10pc across eastern China,` the report added
4. Gwadar varsity, PMSA ink deal for collaboration
• The University of Gwadar and Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA) on September 7, 2022 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for collaboration in curriculum development on maritime affairs and internship programme for students of the Gwadar university at the PMSA.
• Vice Chancellor of University of Gwadar and Deputy Director General of PMSA Rear Admiral Aamir signed the MOU under which the university will introduce maritime affairs as an academic course to its all degree programmes and the PMSA will provide technical and logistic support for the purpose.
• Speaking on the occasion, Dr Sabir said the university would soon make its unique identity in the fields of teaching and research related to maritime affairs.
5. Truss picks UK`s first cabinet without white man in top jobs
• The new British prime minister, Liz Truss, has selected a cabinet where for the first time a white man will not hold one of the country`s four most important ministerial positions.
• The cabinet, which met for the first time on September 7, 2022 amid energy crisis, includes the most diverse top team in British history: Kwasi Kwarteng as finance minister, James Cleverly as foreign secretary and Suella Braverman as interior minister.
• Kwarteng`s parents came from Ghana in the 1960s as Britain`s first Black finance minister while Cleverly, whose mother hails from Sierra Leone and whose father is white, is the first Black foreign minister