Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (12 December 2019)

Daily English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (12 December 2019)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

Every aspirant knows the importance of English language and vocabulary. In order to facilitate the aspirants, we have started a new trend of posting vocabulary on our website. The vocabulary will include the words from dawn newspaper along with their meanings which will save a lot of time of the aspirants.
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Daily Dawn English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
December 12, 2019


Discretionary (adjective) صوابدیدی

available for use at the discretion of the user.
Example: “there has been an increase in year-end discretionary bonuses”
Synonyms: optional, non-compulsory, voluntary, at one’s discretion, up to the individual
Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory

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Predecessor (noun) پیشرو، سابقہ

a person who held a job or office before the current holder.
Example: “the new President’s foreign policy is very similar to that of his predecessor”
Synonyms: forerunner, precursor, antecedent,
Antonyms: successor


Patronage (noun) معاونت، حفاظت، دستگیری، نگرانی

the support given by a patron.
Example: “the arts could no longer depend on private patronage”
Synonyms: sponsorship, backing, funding, financing, philanthropy, promotion, furtherance
Antonyms: attack, blockage, disapproval, discouragement


Supersede (verb) کسی شخص کو دوسرے پر ترجیح دینا، ہٹانا

take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use); supplant.
Example: “the older models of car have now been superseded”
Synonyms: replace, supplant, take the place of, take over from, substitute for
Antonyms: conserve, keep, perpetuate, preserve, sustain, uphold


Glorify (verb) تسبیح کرنا، تعظیم و تکریم دینا، حمد بیان کرنا

praise and worship (God).
Example: “music is used to glorify God”
Synonyms: give praise to, praise, extol, exalt, laud, worship, revere, reverence, venerate


Gag (verb) حکماً خاموش کر دینا، منہ بند کر نا، زبان بندی کرنا

put a gag on (someone).
Example: “she was bound and gagged by robbers”
Synonyms: stop up, block, plug, clog, stifle, smother, muffle, put a gag on, silence
Antonyms: encourage, give a voice to


Erstwhile (adjective) پہلے، پرانے وقتوں کا

former.
Example: “the erstwhile president of the company”
Synonyms: former, old, past, one-time, sometime, as was, ex-, late, then,
Antonyms: present, future


Dubious (adjective) مشکوک، مشتبہ، مبہم

hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite


Perpetuate (verb) ہمیشہ رکھنا، جاری رکھنا

make (something) continue indefinitely.
Example: “the confusion was perpetuated through inadvertence”
Synonyms: keep alive, keep going, keep in existence, preserve, conserve, sustain, maintain,
Antonyms: abolish, abrogate, blot out, cancel, discharge, erase


Vengeance (noun) انتقام، بدلہ، قصاص

punishment inflicted or retribution exacted for an injury or wrong.
Example: “voters are ready to wreak vengeance on all politicians”
Synonyms: revenge, avengement, retribution, retributive justice, retaliation, requital, reprisal
Antonyms: forgiveness, pardon, condonation, amnesty, grace


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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