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January 24, 2022: National Current Affairs MCQs
1. Entire country left in the dark by massive breakdown
• Millions of citizens were left without power on January 23, 2023 after a massive breakdown hit the fragile national grid in the morning and kept almost the entire country without electricity until late in the night.
• Energy Minister Khurram Dastgir said on Monday night, more than 12 hours after the breakdown occurred, that officials had begun restoring electricity across the country. Power was beginning to return in parts Islamabad and Balochistan, he said.
• The minister had earlier said that electricity across the country would be fully restored by 10pm on Monday after the breakdown triggered by `frequency variation` in the national grid hit Pakistan.
• In an interview with Geo News earlier, Mr Dastgir said the breakdown was not `major`. He said, `In winter, the demand for electricity reduces nationwide, hence, as an economic measure, we temporarily close down our power generation systems at night
2. SBP raises key rate to tame rampant inflation
• The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) on January 23, 2023 raised its key interest rate by 100 basis points to a 25-year high of 17 per cent in an attempt to tame persistently high inflation, stressing that achieving price stability was crucial for attaining sustainable economic growth in the future.
• Announcing the central bank`s monetary policy, SBP Governor Jameel Ahmad also told a news conference that the country needed only less than $3 billion for debt servicing in the remaining five months of the current fiscal year.
• The increase of100 bps in the country`s benchmark rate was in line with the expectations of most economists and market watchers, according to a Reuters survey.
3. Punjab chief secretary, Lahore CCPO transferred
• The newly installed caretaker Punjab government has got Senior Member Board of Revenue (SMBR) Zahid Akhtar Zaman transferred and posted as Punjab chief secretary.
• Mr Zaman has replaced Chief Secretary Abdullah Khan Sumbal.
• On the other hand, Punjab has transferred Lahore Capital City Police Office Ghulam Mahmood Dogar and replaced him with Bilal Siddique Kamyana.
• The federal government on Monday issued the transfer and posting order of the new chief secretary
4. Soldier martyred in Bannu, militant killed in Khyber
• A Pakistan Army soldier was martyred in a bomb blast in Bannu and a suspected militant was killed in a joint operation in Khyber tribal district on January 23, 2023.
• A local official told Dawn that an improvised explosive device (IED) was planted by militants in the Janikhel area of Bannu district and it exploded when it was being defused by the bomb disposal unit.
• `The [explosive] device went off when it was being defused.
• Sepoy Gul Sher suffered serious injuries in the blast. He was rushed to the Combined Military Hospital, Bannu, but succumbed to injuries,` he said
5. Pakistan among nations at risk from toxic fat: WHO
• Pakistan is among the countries where industrially-produced fat still poses a risk to a considerable number of the population, the World Health Organisation said on January 23, 2023.
• Industrially-produced trans fat is often used in packaged foods, baked goods, cooking oils and spreads.
• The WHO called in 2018 for harmful trans fatty acids to be wiped out by 2023. They are thought to be responsible for around 500,000 premature deaths from coronary heart disease each year
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