Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (09 October 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (09 October 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
October 09, 2021


Pursuit (noun) تعاقب، کی طرف کوشاں

the action of pursuing someone or something.
Example: “the cat crouched in the grass in pursuit of a bird”
Synonyms: chasing, pursuing, stalking, tracking, trailing, shadowing, dogging
Antonyms: retreat, profession, unemployment


Elude (verb) بچنا، ٹال دینا، فرار

escape from or avoid (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skilful or cunning way.
Example: “he tried to elude the security men by sneaking through a back door”
Synonyms: evade, avoid, get away from, dodge, flee, escape (from), run (away) from
Antonyms: be caught by


Pretext (noun) عذر کرنا، بہانہ

a reason given in justification of a course of action that is not the real reason.
Example: “the rebels had the perfect pretext for making their move”
Synonyms: excuse, false excuse, ostensible reason, alleged reason, plea, supposed grounds
Antonyms: reality, back, rear, truth


Delinquent (adjective) کمسن مجرم، غیر ذمہ دار

(typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Example: “delinquent teenagers”
Synonyms: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending, errant, badly behaved, troublesome
Antonyms: well behaved, conformist


Baffle (verb) چکرا دینا، ناکام بنا دینا

totally bewilder or perplex.
Example: “an unexplained occurrence that baffled everyone”
Synonyms: perplex, puzzle, bewilder, mystify, bemuse, confuse, confound, nonplus
Antonyms: enlighten, clear, comprehensible


Pervasive (adjective) جذب ہونےوالا، سرایت کرنے والا

(especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Example: “ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society”
Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating, extensive, ubiquitous, omnipresent
Antonyms: rare, scarce, uncommon, light


Inadvertently (adverb) بھولے سے، انجانے میں ، غفلت سے

without intention; accidentally.
Example: “his name had been inadvertently omitted from the list”
Synonyms: accidentally, by accident, unintentionally, unwittingly, unawares, without noticing
Antonyms: deliberately


Trajectory (noun) مدار، گزرگاہ

the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
Example: “the missile’s trajectory was preset”
Synonyms: course, route, path, track, line, orbit, flight, flight path, ambit
Antonyms: certainty, indifference, past, unlikelihood


Mitigate (verb) کم کرنا، ہلکا کرنا، شدت کو گھٹانا

make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Example: “drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem”
Synonyms: alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken, lighten, attenuate, take the edge off
Antonyms: :aggravate, increase, intensify


Entrant (noun) نیا آنے والا، داخل ہونے والا

a person or group that enters or takes part in something.
Example: “the prize will be awarded to the entrant who wins the tiebreak”
Synonyms: new member, new arrival, beginner, newcomer, fresher, freshman, recruit, new boy/girl
Antonyms: veteran


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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