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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
October 09, 2021
(noun) تعاقب، کی طرف کوشاں
the action of pursuing someone or something.
Example: “the cat crouched in the grass in pursuit of a bird”
Synonyms: chasing, pursuing, stalking, tracking, trailing, shadowing, dogging
Antonyms: retreat, profession, unemployment
(verb) بچنا، ٹال دینا، فرار
escape from or avoid (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skilful or cunning way.
Example: “he tried to elude the security men by sneaking through a back door”
Synonyms: evade, avoid, get away from, dodge, flee, escape (from), run (away) from
Antonyms: be caught by
(noun) عذر کرنا، بہانہ
a reason given in justification of a course of action that is not the real reason.
Example: “the rebels had the perfect pretext for making their move”
Synonyms: excuse, false excuse, ostensible reason, alleged reason, plea, supposed grounds
Antonyms: reality, back, rear, truth
(adjective) کمسن مجرم، غیر ذمہ دار
(typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime.
Example: “delinquent teenagers”
Synonyms: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal, offending, errant, badly behaved, troublesome
Antonyms: well behaved, conformist
(verb) چکرا دینا، ناکام بنا دینا
totally bewilder or perplex.
Example: “an unexplained occurrence that baffled everyone”
Synonyms: perplex, puzzle, bewilder, mystify, bemuse, confuse, confound, nonplus
Antonyms: enlighten, clear, comprehensible
(adjective) جذب ہونےوالا، سرایت کرنے والا
(especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Example: “ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society”
Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating, extensive, ubiquitous, omnipresent
Antonyms: rare, scarce, uncommon, light
(adverb) بھولے سے، انجانے میں ، غفلت سے
without intention; accidentally.
Example: “his name had been inadvertently omitted from the list”
Synonyms: accidentally, by accident, unintentionally, unwittingly, unawares, without noticing
(noun) مدار، گزرگاہ
the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
Example: “the missile’s trajectory was preset”
Synonyms: course, route, path, track, line, orbit, flight, flight path, ambit
Antonyms: certainty, indifference, past, unlikelihood
(verb) کم کرنا، ہلکا کرنا، شدت کو گھٹانا
make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Example: “drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem”
Synonyms: alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken, lighten, attenuate, take the edge off
Antonyms: :aggravate, increase, intensify
(noun) نیا آنے والا، داخل ہونے والا
a person or group that enters or takes part in something.
Example: “the prize will be awarded to the entrant who wins the tiebreak”
Synonyms: new member, new arrival, beginner, newcomer, fresher, freshman, recruit, new boy/girl