Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (20 January 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (20 January 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
January 20, 2021


Arbitrator (noun) فیصلہ کرنے والا، قاضی، ثالث

an independent person or body officially appointed to settle a dispute.
Example: “the facts of the case are put to an independent arbitrator”
Synonyms: adjudicator, arbiter, judge, umpire, referee, assistant referee, linesman, line judge, mediator
Antonyms: fail, reject, disapprove


Indulge (verb) بخشنا، مطمئن کرنا

allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Example: “we indulged in a cream tea”
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to
Antonyms: stifle


Shoddy (adjective) گمراہ کن، نقلی، ناقص

badly made or done.
Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”
Synonyms: poor-quality, inferior, second-rate, third-rate, low-grade, cheap, cheapjack, tawdry
Antonyms: well made, careful


Transpire (verb) انکشاف ہونا، صادر ہونا، معلوم ہونا

(of a secret or something unknown) come to be known; be revealed.
Example: “it transpired that millions of dollars of debt had been hidden in a complex web of transactions”
Synonyms: become known, become apparent, be revealed, be disclosed, come to light, emerge
Antonyms: lurk, latitat, lie


Obscure (verb) مخفی، تاریک، دھندلا کرنا

keep from being seen; conceal.
Example: “grey clouds obscure the sun”
Synonyms: hide, conceal, cover, veil, shroud, screen, mask, cloak, cast a shadow over, shadow
Antonyms: reveal


Retract (verb) واپس پلٹنا، دعویٰ سے دستبردار ہونا

withdraw (a statement or accusation) as untrue or unjustified.
Example: “he retracted his allegations”
Synonyms: take back, withdraw, unsay, recant, disown, disavow, disclaim, abjure
Antonyms: assert, confirm


Vicissitude (noun) نشیب و فراز، گردش، انقلاب

a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Example: “her husband’s sharp vicissitudes of fortune”
Synonyms: change, alteration, alternation, transformation, metamorphosis, transmutation, mutation
Antonyms: perpetuity, stability, changelessness, immutability


Gruesome (adjective) بھیانک، خوفناک، ڈراﺅنا

causing repulsion or horror; grisly.
Example: “the most gruesome murder”
Synonyms: grisly, ghastly, frightful, horrid, horrifying, fearful, hideous, macabre, spine-chilling
Antonyms: pleasant


Consequence (noun) نتیجہ، دور رس اثرات، انجام

a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Example: “abrupt withdrawal of drug treatment can have serious consequences”
Synonyms: result, upshot, outcome, out-turn, sequel, effect, reaction, repercussion, reverberations
Antonyms: cause


Disruptive (adjective) افراتفری سے بھرپور، رکاوٹ، خلل

causing or tending to cause disruption.
Example: “disruptive pupils”
Synonyms: troublemaking, troublesome, unruly, rowdy, disorderly, undisciplined, attention-seeking
Antonyms: well behaved, manageable


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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