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2019 Current Affairs November 2019

Day by Day Current Affairs (November 01 2019) | MCQs for CSS, PMS

Day by Day Current Affairs (October 31 2019) | MCQs for CSS, PMS
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

November 01, 2019: National Current Affairs

1. Pakistan, China reject held Kashmir bifurcation

• Pakistan and China on October 31, 2019 rejected bifurcation of occupied Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories, saying Indian action was illegal and void.
• The statements from Islamabad and Beijing came as India put into effect the bifurcation of occupied Kashmir into Union Territories (UTs) of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh and the lieutenant governors for the new territories took the oath of office in Srinagar and Leh.
• The division has been done under `The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019` that was introduced in Indian parliament simultaneously with the abolition of Article 370 through a presidential order on Aug 5. The legislation split-ting held Kashmir into two new UTs received Indian president`s assent on Aug 9, after both houses of Indian parliament passed it. It, however, took effect from Oct 31.

2. UNESCO includes Lahore in `creative cities`

• Lahore has been selected in the list of cities that have been designated as UNESCO Creative Cities. A total of 66 cities figure in the list for 2019.
• It has been announced by UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay who said this step would favour `political and social innovation` and would be particularly important for the youth.
• The project is being run by UNESCO`s Creative Cities to make these places laboratories of ideas and innovative practices and help in bringing a solid contribution to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through innovative thinking and action

3. India tries to stop passage of golden ‘Palki’ to Pakistan

• The Indian authorities at the Attari border tried to stop passage of golden ‘Palki’ Sahib to Pakistan after it denied permission to the bus carrying the palanquin to cross over to Pakistan.
• The Nagar Kirtan (religious procession reciting holy hymns) was returning to Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, along with a gold plated ‘Palki’ Sahib to be installed at the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur in connection with the 550th birth celebrations of Baba Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
• The gold-plated ‘Palki’ Sahib, a gift from Shiromani Akali Dal Delhi, was being transported to Pakistan on a specially designed bus to house the ‘Palki’ Sahib and the Guru Granth Sahib.

4. Qalb-e-Hassan wins SCBA president elections

• Leading lawyer Syed Qalb-e-Hassan, won elections for year 2019-20 of the Supreme Court Bar Association in a close contest.
• According to unofficial results announced in Lahore late October 31, 2019, Shamim-ur-Rehman Malik of Hamid Khan group clinched the victory for the slot of secretary.
• Hassan defeated his rival Shoaib Shaheen with 1,381 votes. Shaheen got 950.

5. Saudi Arabia, UAE to issue joint visa from next year

• Sultan Al-Mansoori, minister of economy of the United Arab Emirates, has announced that coordination is under way between Saudi Arabia and the UAE to issue a joint visa between the two countries so as to enable visitors to the UAE to visit Saudi Arabia and vice versa.
• The new visa is expected to come into force in 2020. “This initiative aims at taking advantage of the enormous potential and great measures taken by Saudi Arabia to facilitate the entry of tourists to the Kingdom,” Saudi Gazette quoted him as saying. Mansoori said this is among the initiatives that have been developed and approved by the concerned authorities.
• “Officials from UAE and Saudi Arabia are currently holding joint meetings to work out the regulations for implementing this initiative,” he said. He pointed out that the initiative would contribute to increasing the volume of flight services between the two countries. The number of flights at present is not sufficient and we need to double it. According to Al-Mansoori, the implementation of the initiative will benefit national companies in the UAE and Saudi Arabia and will give much stronger impetus to cooperation and coordination between them

6. CIA-trained Afghan forces accused of atrocities

• A US advocacy group, Human Rights Watch (HRW), accused CIA-backed Afghan paramilitaries on October 31, 2019 of committing extrajudicial executions, orchestrating enforced disappearances and attacking medical facilities.
• The hard-hitting report also details changes in the US targeting rules which, HRW says, have led to indiscriminate airstrikes being called in by these forces and causing disproportionate harm to civilians.
• The report They`ve Shot Many Like This Abusive Night Raids by CIA-Backed Afghan Strike Forces has also documented individual cases of abuses by CIA-backed Afghan paramilitary forces.
• It claims that the abuses follow set patterns, which are repeated and widespread in every province wheresuch units operate.

7. Congress holds landmark vote on Trump`s impeachment

• Congress formally opened a new, public phase of its corruption investigation into Donald Trump on October 31, 2019 as US lawmakers voted for the first time to advance the impeachment process targeting the US president.
• `Today the House takes the next step forward as we establish the procedures for open hearings … so that the public can see the facts for themselves,` House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said. `What is at stake in all of this is nothing less than our democracy.
• The top Democrat and Trump`s chief nemesis in Congress addressed fellow lawmakers shortly before her chamber took a Halloween morning vote along party lines 232 to 196 to pass a resolution that lays out rules for the next stages of the impeachment process

8. IS names new leader after death of Baghdadi

• Islamic State has confirmed the death of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and named Abu Ibrahim al Hashimi al-Qurayshi as his replacement.
• Baghdadi and the terror organisation’s spokesman both in US strikes in northern Syria at the weekend. The group’s media arm, Amaq, made the announcements in an audio recording released on October 31, 2019.
• News of Baghdadi’s successor had been widely anticipated among the ranks of the terror organisation following the weekend raid that traced Baghdadi to a remote corner of northern Syria after a hunt spanning more than half a decade.
• Little is known about al-Hashimi, although his last name (al-Qurayshi) suggests that he, as did Baghdadi, claims a lineage to the Prophet Mohammed, a position that offered legitimacy in some quarters.

9. N Korea launches two ballistic missiles

• North Korea fired two suspected missiles into the sea between the Korean peninsula and Japan on October 31, 2019, according to military officials in Japan and South Korea, ending nearly a month-long lull in testing after denuclearisation talks stalled.
• The launches, which Japanese authorities identified as likely ballistic missiles, were the first since one day of talks between the United States and North Korea ended without an agreement on Oct. 5 in Sweden.
• American officials have played down previous missile launches this year, saying they were short-range weapons.
• North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has set an end-of-the-year deadline for denuclearisation talks with Washington, however, and in a statement on Sunday North Korea said it would be a mistake for the United States to ignore that deadline.

10. Chile cancels global climate summit amid unrest

• Chile has pulled out of hosting two major international summits, including a UN climate change conference, as anti-government protests continue.
• President Sebastián Piñera said the decision had caused him “pain” but his government needed “to prioritise re-establishing public order”.
• The COP25 climate summit was scheduled for 2 to 13 December, while the Apec trade forum was next month. The UN said it was now looking at alternative venues.
• World leaders were to gather at this year’s Conference of the Parties (COP) to discuss the implementation of the Paris Accord – a landmark international climate agreement, first signed at COP21 in December 2015.
• This is the first time a country has pulled out of hosting the conference at such short notice

Day by Day Current Affairs (November 01 2019) MCQs for CSS, PMS

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