September 2019

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (September 12, 2020) for CSS, PMS

Daily Top-10 Current Affairs MCQs / News (September 12, 2020) for CSS, PMS
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik
WELCOME TO CSS TIMES DAY BY  DAY CURRENT AFFAIRS, YOUR BEST SOURCE FOR UP-TO-DATE AND DAILY TOP CURRENT AFFAIRS 2020 FOR PREPARATION OF CSS, PMS, BANKING, NTS, RAILWAYS AND ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS.  “DAY TO DAY CURRENT AFFAIRS” BASICALLY IS TOP 10 NEWS SUMMARY ON CURRENT HAPPENINGS OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE FOR ALL EXAMINATIONS

September 12, 2020: National / International Current Affairs


1. Trump announces `peace deal` between Bahrain and Israel

• US President Donald Trump announced on September 11, 2020 a `peace deal` between Israel and Bahrain, which becomes the second Arab country to settle with its former foe in less than a month.
• `Another HISTORIC breakthrough today! Our two GREAT friends Israel and the Kingdom of Bahrain agree to a Peace Deal the second Arab country to make peace with Israel in 30 days!` Trump tweeted.
• A joint US-Israel-Bahrain statement said there would be `full diplomatic relations`.
• Bahrain has agreed to formalise the deal with Israel at a ceremony to be held on Sept 15 at the White House, where the United Arab Emirates will also sign off on its own thaw with Israel announced in mid-August.


2. World economy to shrink 3.8pc in 2020, says IIF

• The global economy is heading for a recession with GDP projected to shrink 3.8 per cent in 2020, substantially worse than the 0.4pc contraction during the 2009 global financial crisis, the Institute of International Finance (IIF) said in its latest report.
• Contrary to the recovery in the aftermath of the 2009 global financial crisis, the recovery in the emerging markets from the Covid-19 shock will be `shallower and more difficult to navigate as a result,` it added.
• `We forecast a deep recession this year, with global GDP contracting by 3.8pc. The recession we forecast in advanced economies is comparable with the 2009 experience. Instead, it is China and India that account for almost all of the weaker global growth picture


3. Beijing to impose restrictions on all US diplomats

• Beijing will impose `reciprocal restrictions` on all American diplomats on Chinese soil in response to curbs on its embassy personnel in the United States, China`s foreign ministry said on September 11, 2020.
• Relations between the world`s top two economies have deteriorated in recent months, with both sides locked in fierce recriminations over trade disputes, human rights and the origins of the coronavirus pandemic.
• China`s latest move comes days after Washington announced new restrictions on staff working for Beijing`s foreign missions, such as a requirement to seek approval for university visits or meetings with local officials.


4. Massive blast rocks Jordan`s military arms depot

• A huge explosion rocked a Jordanian military munitions depot early on September 11, 2020 sparking a large fire, but the army said there were no casualties at the base located in an uninhabited area.
• The military said the blast was accidental and likely caused by a chemical reaction inside a shell amid a blistering heatwave in the desert country.
• `An explosion occurred in the early hours of Friday … in a warehouse containing unusable mortar bombs belonging to the armed forces,` government spokesman Amjad al-Adaileh said in a statement.

Awais Aftab Butt


5. Pakistan, China invited to Russia war games

• Russia said on September 11, 2020 it would stage massive military drills in the Caucasus later this month with troops from several countries, including Pakistan, China and Iran, invited to participate.
• More than 12,000 troops will take part in the `Caucasus-2020` war games, which will take place in southern Russia from Sept 21 to 26 and include land and naval exercises, Deputy Defence Minister Alexander Fomin told a briefing.
• `The Caucasus-2020 drills are not aimed against other countries,` the defence ministry said in a statement


6. Swami Agnivesh, advocate of peace with Pakistan, dies

• India’s leading peace activist and a staunch advocate of friendly ties with Pakistan, Swami Aginivesh, died in a hospital here on September 11, 2020 of complications from liver failure, reports said. He was 80.
• The saffron-clad defender of India’s secular constitution was assaulted viciously by suspected activists belonging to the country’s ruling party in 2018, and his close friends said his liver never recovered from the deep injuries.
• The Swami was an active member of peace committees seeking friendship with neighbouring countries including Pakistan, and was a trenchant critic of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s domestic and foreign policies


7. China, India agree to disengage troops on border

• China and India said on September 11, 2020 they had agreed to de-escalate renewed tensions on their contested Himalayan border and take steps to restore `peace and tranquillity` following a high-level diplomatic meeting in Moscow.
• Chinese State Councillor Wang Yi and Indian Foreign Minister S.
• Taishankar met in Moscow on Thursday and reached a five-point consensus, including agreements that troops from both sides should quickly disengage and ease tensions, the two countries said in a joint statement.


8. Turkey launches series of operations against 130 suspects over failed coup

• Turkish authorities on September 11, 2020 launched a series of operations across the country to detain at least 130 suspects over their alleged links to a network believed to be behind a coup attempt in 2016.
• Following the orders of the Chief Public Prosecutor’s Offices in Istanbul, Ankara, Balikesir, and Konya, police launched simultaneous operations in 45 provinces, the Hurriyet daily said.
• The suspects, including military personnel, lawyers, and police officers, allegedly contacted the network headed by the U.S.-based Turkish cleric Fethullah Gulen via various means, according to Hurriyet.


9. Researchers reveal possible new COVID-19 entry points

• Since the start of the pandemic, scientists have learned that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is quite cunning. When the virus enters the body, it’s capable of turning off an entire branch of the immune system, allowing it to spread for days before the immune system can sound the alarm on the intruder.
• However, researchers still don’t know the full scope of tissues and cell types that are most vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2. Most research has focused on identifying genes and pathways that facilitate the virus’s entry into lung cells – yet both clinical and scientific data indicate that it can cause damage in a wide range of organs.
• Now, new Cornell research has developed potential roadmaps for how the virus infects these other organs and identifies what molecular factors could help facilitate or restrict infection.


10. Mystery of Alfred Wallace’s butterfly is finally solved

• Described by the ‘father of zoogeography’ and co-author of the theories of evolution and natural selection, the species hasn’t been reexamined since 1866.
• An over a century-long mystery has been surrounding the Taiwanese butterfly fauna ever since the “father of zoogeography”
• Alfred Russel Wallace, in collaboration with Frederic Moore, authored a landmark paper in 1866: the first to study the lepidopterans of the island. Back then, in their study, Moore dealt with the moths portion and Wallace investigated the butterflies.


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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