Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (09 December 2020)

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
December 09, 2020


Conglomerate (noun) مرکب، گول ڈھیر بنانا

a thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together.
Example: “the Earth is a specialized conglomerate of organisms”
Synonyms: mixture, mix, combination, mingling, commingling, amalgamation, amalgam
Antonyms: split up


Antecedent (noun) سابقہ، قبل آنے والا

a thing that existed before or logically precedes another.
Example: “some antecedents to the African novel might exist in Africa’s oral traditions”
Synonyms: precursor, forerunner, predecessor
Antonyms: descendant


Resentment (noun) تعصب، آرزدگی، غصہ

bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.
Example: “his resentment at being demoted”
Synonyms: bitterness, indignation, irritation, pique, displeasure, dissatisfaction, disgruntlement
Antonyms: contentment, happiness


Ambiguity (noun) ابہام

the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.
Example: “we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act”
Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation, obscurity, vagueness, abstruseness, doubtfulness, uncertainty
Antonyms: unambiguousness, transparency


Plausible (adjective) اچھا، ظاہر داری، قرین قیاس

(of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable.
Example: “a plausible explanation”
Synonyms: credible, reasonable, believable, likely, feasible, probable, tenable, possible
Antonyms: unlikely, improbable


Menace (noun) خطرے کا باعث، ڈرانا

a person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger.
Example: “a new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs”
Synonyms: danger, peril, risk, hazard, threat, jeopardy
Antonyms: friendly, auspicious


Indulge (verb) مطمئن کرنا، مزے اڑانا

allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Example: “we indulged in a cream tea”
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to
Antonyms: stifle


Hierarchy (noun) درجہ بندی

a system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority.
Example: “the initiative was with those lower down in the hierarchy”
Synonyms: pecking order, ranking, grading, ladder, social order, social stratum, social scale
Antonyms: ungraded, unordered, unranked.


Begrudge (verb) جلنا، حسد کرنا، رشک کرنا

envy (someone) the possession or enjoyment of (something).
Example: “she begrudged Martin his affluence”
Synonyms: envy, grudge, resent, be jealous of, be envious of, be resentful of
Antonyms: generous, kind, kindhearted


Preamble (noun) تمہید، دیباچہ، مقدمہ

a preliminary or preparatory statement; an introduction.
Example: “he could tell that what she said was by way of a preamble”
Synonyms: introduction, preliminaries, preface, lead-in, overture, prologue, foreword, prelude
Antonyms: close, termination, peroration, finale, conclusion


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