Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (14 October 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (14 October 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
October 14, 2021


Scarce (adjective) ناکافی، مشکل سے، قلیل المقدار

(especially of food, money, or some other resource) insufficient for the demand.
Example: “as raw materials became scarce, synthetics were developed”
Synonyms: in short supply, short, scant, scanty, meagre, sparse, hard to find
Antonyms: plentiful, abundant


Embroil (verb) الجھنا ، مصیبت یا دقت میں ڈالنا

involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation.
Example: “she became embroiled in a dispute between two women she hardly knew”
Synonyms: involve, entangle, ensnare, enmesh, catch up, mix up, bog down, mire
Antonyms: free, untwist, arrange, clarify


Cajole (verb) میٹھی باتیں کرکے راضی کرنا، چاپلوسی، دھوکہ دینا

persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.
Example: “he hoped to cajole her into selling the house”
Synonyms: persuade, wheedle, coax, talk into, manoeuvre, get round, prevail on
Antonyms: bully


Inexorable (adjective) ناقابل برداشت، بے رحم

impossible to stop or prevent.
Example: “the seemingly inexorable march of new technology”
Synonyms: relentless, unstoppable, unavoidable, inescapable, inevitable, irrevocable
Antonyms: kind, merciful, nice, sympathetic


Prerogative (noun) خصوصی مراعات، استحقاق، اختیار

a right or privilege exclusive to a particular individual or class.
Example: “in some countries, higher education is predominantly the prerogative of the rich”
Synonyms: entitlement, right, privilege, advantage, due, birthright, liberty, authority, authorization
Antonyms: duty, obligation


Precarious (adjective) غیر مستحکم، نازک، فرضی

dependent on chance; uncertain.
Example: “he made a precarious living as a painter”
Synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unreliable, unsure, unpredictable, undependable, risky
Antonyms: :safe, secure


Fray (verb) جھگڑا، لڑائی، رگڑنا

(of a fabric, rope, or cord) unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing.
Example: “cheap fabric soon frays”
Synonyms: unravel, wear, wear thin, wear out, wear away, wear through, become worn
Antonyms: peace, accord, agreement, quiet


Vaunt (verb) شیخی بگاڑنا، ڈینگیں مارنا

boast about or praise (something), especially excessively.
Example: “he was initially vaunted by the West for his leadership of the country”
Synonyms: acclaim, esteem, revere, extol, celebrate, boast about, brag about, make much of
Antonyms: criticized, unsung


Preclude (verb) روکنا، باز رکھنا، آڑے آجانا

prevent from happening; make impossible.
Example: “the secret nature of his work precluded official recognition”
Synonyms: prevent, make it impossible for, make it impracticable for, rule out, put a stop to, stop
Antonyms: admit, promote, further, advance


Urgency (noun) فوری ضرورت، سخت اہمیت

importance requiring swift action.
Example: “the discovery of the ozone hole gave urgency to the issue of CFCs”
Synonyms: importance, top priority, imperativeness, weight, weightiness, gravity
Antonyms: easy, facile, light, minor


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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